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Full text of "Eckerd College Catalog 1984-1986"

Eckerd 
College 



ST. PETERSBURG, FLORIDA 



1984-1986 




CONTENTS 

Introduction Page 1 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Academic Program 4 

Descriptions of Courses and Majors 21 

Fall Term and Spring Term 21 

Autumn Term and Winter Term 80 

Campus and Student Life 82 

Admission 86 

Financial Aid 89 

Expenses 94 

Faculty 98 

Administration 101 

Board of Trustees 1 02 

Index 104 

Calendar of Events 1 06 

Correspondence Directory 109 




AN INTRODUCTION 

Eckerd College, a coeducational college of the 
liberal arts and sciences, awards the Bachelor of Arts 
and Bachelor of Science degrees. It is related by 
covenant to the Presbyterian Church U.S.A., and 
fully accredited by the Southern Association of Col- 
leges and Schools. The campus is located on 267 
acres of tropical waterfront property in a suburban 
area of St. Petersburg, Florida. 

The school was founded in 1 958 as Florida Presbyte- 
rian College, and admitted its first students in 1 960. 
In 1972 the college's name was changed to honor 
Jack M. Eckerd, a prominent Florida civic leader and 
business man whose gifts and commitments to the 
institution have helped to insure its continuing 
excellence. More than 3,000 graduates are seeking 
to lead lives of leadership and service in communi- 
ties throughout the world. 



It is the policy of Eckerd College not to discriminate on the basis of sex, age, handicap. 

race or color, or national origin in its educational programs, activities, admissions, or employment 

policies as required by Title IX of the 1972 education amendment and other federal and state 

legislation. Inquiries regarding compliance with Title IX and other non-discriminatory 

codes may be directed to Dr. Richard Hallin, Dean of Admissions and Records, Eckerd College, 

St. Petersburg, Florida 33733, 813/867-1166. Eckerd College is an equal opportunity employer. 



ECKERD COLLEGE 
BASIC COMMITMENTS 

This catalog is designed to give a comprehensive 
picture of Eckerd College. We are proud of what we 
have achieved, and welcome the reader to join us in 
an exciting and continuing educational adventure. 
As you read this document, you should be aware of 
certain basic commitments which have guided the 
college's history and planning. These commitments 
and the efforts to achieve them have enabled Eckerd 
College to be distinctive among the 3,000 colleges 
and universities in the United States. 



THE COMMITMENT TO 
INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT 

The primary purpose of the educational program 
is to foster the personal development of each 
student. We seek to prepare students for the 
basic responsibilities of life, and especially for 
competent, humane leadership and service. We 
are vitally concerned with the development of 
whole persons, and therefore encourage the in- 
tellectual, spiritual, cultural, social, emotional 
and physical growth of each student. While edu- 
cation is a life-long process, the Eckerd experi- 
ence is designed to assist students to go beyond 
the limitations imposed by ignorance, narrow- 
ness, conformity, self-centeredness, and irre- 
sponsibility. Our aims are to help individuals 
achieve excellence in thought and conduct; and 
to spark their imagination about future possibili- 
ties. 

THE COMMITMENT TO 
CHRISTIAN VALUES 

Eckerd College seeks to combine the Christian 
faith and liberal education in the belief that a 
Christian college is better able to contribute to 
individual development than any other type of 
college. To give focus to its Christian commit- 
ment, the college maintains an active covenant 
relationship with the Presbyterian Church, U.S. 
and the United Presbyterian Church, U.S.A.; 
however, the college community is not narrowly 
sectarian. It includes among its faculty, students 
and staff individuals of many denominations, 
faiths and points of view. 

As a church-related college community, we seek 
to give the Christian faith a full hearing in a setting 
where students are free to accept or reject, but 
not ignore it. Confident in the belief that all truth 
is of God, we seek to develop an atmosphere of 
free and open inquiry into all aspects of faith and 
knowledge. Ouraim is to assist students to clarify 
their beliefs, assess their values, and learn to act 
responsibly on the basis of their convictions. 



THE COMMITMENT OF 
FACULTY TO STUDENTS 

The relatively small size of the Eckerd student body 
allows numerous opportunities for close personal 
relationships between students and faculty. Each 
Eckerd student has a faculty academic adviser, 
known as a "Mentor," who seeks to facilitate the 
total growth of students and helps them to get the 
most out of their college years. 

Because the faculty is committed to the primary 
importance of teaching, it has developed a repu- 
tation for excellence in the teaching of under- 
graduates. Many Eckerd College faculty members 
are engaged in primary scholarship and artistic 
creativity and wherever possible seek to involve 
students in these enterprises. The intention of the 
faculty is to provide an educational environment 
characterized by high expectation, personal 
attention and enthusiasm for learning. 



THE COMMITMENT TO 
GENERAL EDUCATION 

While Eckerd College is committed to helping 
students develop competence in a specific field 
of study, it is equally committed to general educa- 
tion. 

The general education program is designed to 
provide a foundation for lifelong learning by 
helping students to develop a love for learning, 
acquire an informed awareness of the major ele- 
ments of their cultural heritage, explore various 
perspectives on the central concerns of human 
existence, assume increased responsibility for 
their own growth, and master the skills that are 
necessary to understand and deal with a rapidly 
changing and increasingly complex world. 

The general education program for entering 
Freshmen is made up of composition, computa- 
tion, foreign language, and the Western Heritage 
sequence in the first year; one course in each of 
four value-oriented perspectives in the second 
and third year; and a course in the Judaeo- 
Christian perspective and an integrating issue- 
oriented seminar in the Senior year. Students 
experience directly throughout the program the 
variety of ways in which knowledge is sought and 
creativity fostered. 



THE COMMITMENT TO THE 
INTEGRATION OF LIBERAL ARTS 
AND CAREER PREPARATION 

The commitment to individual development in- 
cludes a commitment to helping students pre- 
pare themselves for a vocation. Through more 
than thirty formal majors and pre-professional 
programs, opportunities are available to develop 
the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary for 
the world of work. In addition, through indepen- 
dent study and individually designed areas of 
concentration, students are encouraged to sup- 
plement and adapt the formal curriculum to their 
particular interests and aspirations. 

The college recognizes that significant learning 
can occur in a variety of settings. Internships, 
jobs, and other off-campus learning experiences 
both in this country and abroad enable students 
to integrate theory and practice, and help them to 
clarify their values and career choices. Because 
they are committed to a participatory educational 
process, faculty engage students in the learning 
of science, theatre, management and other disci- 
plines by doing. The aim is to assist each student 
to become a self-directed, competent, humane 
person capable of making a significant contribu- 
tion to society. 




THE COMMITMENT TO HUMAN 
RELATIONSHIPS IN COMMUNITY 

There is a rich diversity among Eckerd College 
students which is educationally desirable. Stu- 
dents come to campus from more than 40 states 
and 30 foreign countries. They enroll from urban, 
suburban and rural areas; from developed and 
developing countries; and from a great variety of 
cultural, ethnic and religious backgrounds. The 
cosmopolitan nature of the Eckerd campus en- 
riches the total educational experience as stu- 
dents learn from each other. 

Built upon this diversity is a sense of community 
based upon common objectives, concerns and 
experiences. Academic interests provide the 
basis for a sense of community, which is en- 
hanced by worship, student activities, athletic 
events, concerts, lectures and other opportuni- 
ties for shared experiences. Because most stu- 
dents reside on campus, they have the enriched 
experiences that occur when people are learning 
both how to learn and how to live together. 

THE COMMITMENT TO BE A 
PACE-SETTING INSTITUTION 

Eckerd College is nationally known for pioneer- 
ing new programs designed to deal directly with 
the varying needs of college students. It has 
shown the will to improve education, and the 
vision and courage to take steps that will facilitate 
the growth of students. Many of its programs of 
interdisciplinarystudy,independentstudy, inter- 
national education, values inquiry, and student 
orientation and advising have become models for 
other educational institutions. With in the context 
of its objectives as a church-related college of the 
liberal arts and sciences, it continues to seek bet- 
ter ways of meeting its commitments. 




THE ACADEMIC PROGRAM AT ECKERD COLLEGE 



Since 1960, when Eckerd College (then known as 
Florida Presbyterian College) opened its doors, it 
has earned a reputation for creating new and bet- 
ter opportunities for learning. Eckerd recently 
was rated in the top ten percent of American 
colleges and universities. 

The college looksfor superior methods of educat- 
ing its students, not in orderto be different, but to 
offer a more rewarding and useful educational 
experience. 

For example, you have probably come across 
such expressions as "4-1-4," "winterim," 
"miniterm," "interim," or "winter term." (All of 
them mean essentially the samething: separating 
the two terms of an academic year with a one- 
month period of independent study.) The winter 
term is an Eckerd College concept. This innova- 
tion was created and tested first on the Eckerd 
College campus; then other colleges found it so 
exciting that they adopted it. 

Since the creation of the winter term in 1960, 
Eckerd has discovered and implemented other 
innovative ways of teaching. Perhapsthebestway 
of providing you with an understanding of the 
Eckerd experience is to take you on a "verbal 
tour" of the academic program. 

THE MENTOR 

Shortly afteryou have been accepted as an Eckerd 
student, you will receive material about selection 
of a Mentor. The original Mentor was the guide 
and companion of Odysseus. As you are, in a 
sense, embarking on you rodyssey, it is fitting that 
you have your own Mentor. 

Throughout your career at Eckerd, you will have 
continuing support and counsel from a faculty 
Mentor, who is more than the conventional facul- 
ty adviser. Mentors are faculty members who 
have been specially trained to help you in your 
academic program, career planning, and person- 
al growth. You choose your own Mentor before 
you enter Eckerd, from a descriptive list of Men- 
tors and projects. In your Freshman year you will 
take at least one course from your Mentor, and 
together you will work out the rest of your 
academic program for the first academic year. 

When you become an upperclass student, you 
may choose a new Mentor — a specialist in your 
area of academic concentration. The two of you 
will continue to plan your academic program, 
including independent and directed studies, in- 
ternships, off-campus programs, work experi- 
ence, career planning, foreign study, and the 
many other options that Eckerd offers. 



THE ACADEMIC CALENDAR 

Eckerd College follows a modified 4-1 -4 calendar. 
The fall and spring semesters are fourteen weeks 
in length, and are each followed by examination 
periods. Most courses during the semester are 
offered for the full fourteen weeks, and ordinarily 
a full-time student will enroll for four of these 
courses each semester. 

The three-week autumn term for Freshmen 
occurs priorto the beginning of the fall semester, 
while the four week winter term (January) falls 
between the two regularsemesters.Duringthese 
shorter terms, students will enroll for no more 
than one academic project at a time. This format 
provides for independent investigation of atopic 
in a concentrated manner. 



THE AUTUMN TERM 

As a Freshman, you will start your Eckerd College 
experience in the latter part of August, when you 
enroll for autumn term. In contrast to the usual 
Freshman orientation of two or three days, au- 
tumn term lasts three weeks. It is designed for 
Freshmen only, and provides an intensive fore- 
taste of college living and academic work. 

During autumn term you will take one academic 
project, for credit, from your Mentor. This project 
is stimulating in content, teaches basic academic 
skills, and focuses on the interdisciplinary nature 
of learning. The course will give you a clear idea of 
what is expected of you at Eckerd. Autumn term 
provides an excellent opportunity for certain 
kinds of interest and competency testingthat will 
allow you to begin your academic program in 
courses that are best suited to your current stage 
of development. 

You will also learn a great deal about living, work- 
ing and playing in a college community. The stu- 
dent Resident Adviser in your dormitory will be 
on hand during autumn term to help you make 
the transition into college life. In fact, the entire 
staff of the college and the autumn term faculty 
wHI participate with you in periods of inquiry, 
reflection and fun. The sense of community that 
develops will assist you to take full advantage of 
the opportunities and resources available on 
campus. By the time the upperclass students re- 
turn in September, you will be well established in 
campus life. 

For more information about autumn term 
see page 80. 



GENERAL EDUCATION 

An important part of your studies throughout 
your career at Eckerd College will be in general 
education. 

During your Freshman year you will take two 
classwide interdisciplinary courses called West- 
ern Heritage I and II that will explore the cultural 
riches of the past. Your discussion sections in 
these courses will beledbyyourMentor. In addi- 
tion you will be expected to demonstrate writing 
competency by satisfactory performance on a 
writing proficiency exercise; take one college 
level computation course or demonstrate com- 
petency by examination; and take one year of a 
foreign language or demonstrate competency at 
the first year level by examination. 

During your Sophomore and Junior years you will 
choose four courses, one from a list of options in 
each of four broad perspectives on human exist- 
ence: the aesthetic, cross-cultural, environmen- 
tal and social relations. The courses will be distrib- 
uted over four collegia so as to provide involve- 
ment with significantly different modes of in- 
quiry. 

Seniors will take a course that will focus on histor- 
ical and contemporary issues from the Judaeo- 
Christian perspective, and a Senior seminar 
focusing on the search for solutions to important 
issues that they are likely to face during their 
lifetimes. 



WINTER TERM 

Winter term is a special four-week period in Janu- 
ary that emphasizes independent study. You may 
enroll in projects designed by professors, or de- 
sign your own with the sponsorship of a pro- 
fessor. 

All winter term projects must have academic 
merit and are judged by rigorous standards. A 
typical project requires you to select a subject, 
gather information, organize it, and present it as a 
paper, a short story, a painting, a performance, or 
a piece of equipment. Freshmen may take a win- 
ter term in addition to autumn term, and substi- 
tute a fifth winter term for one of the 32 courses 
required for graduation. The winter term project 
for Juniors is ordinarily in their major or area of 
concentration. The winter term in the Senior year 
is usually spent working on a comprehensive ex- 
amination or senior thesis or project required for 
completion of a major. 

Many colleges have followed Eckerd College's 
example in adoptingawinterterm program, mak- 
ing it possible to exchange students and to in- 
crease the range of projects offered. Eckerd Col- 
lege also cooperates with other 4-1-4 colleges in 
sponsoringwinterterm projects abroad or in ma- 
jor cities and interesting locations in the United 
States. Many winter term projects include as 
much as eight contact hours per week, which 
meets the Veteran's Administration standards for 
full tuition benefits. 

For more information about winter term 
see page 80. 




THE COLLEGIUM CONCEPT 

During the past few years, educators have be- 
come aware that the traditional division of learn- 
ing into academic "departments" is not neces- 
sarily the best way to organize the educational 
process. Increasingly popular among colleges is 
the interdisciplinary major, in which the student 
combines courses from two or more departments 
to form an individual academic program. At 
Eckerd, we have established interdisciplinary 
"collegia," which encourage new combinations 
of studies and demonstrate the interrelatedness 
of knowledge. 

The word "collegium" goes back to medieval 
days, when it meant a fellowship of equals (i.e.; 
persons communicating without artificial obsta- 
cles to discourse) pursuing a common objective 
(which in Eckerd's case is learning). The word 
vividly describes what we are trying to do: to bring 
you (the student) together with a highly knowl- 
edgeable person (the professor) in an atmos- 
phere where you can debate freely, challenge 
one another's viewpoints, learn together. 

In a collegium, subjects are grouped according to 
the intellectual discipline required to master 
them. You learn mathematics and physics in simi- 
lar ways, for example; but you learn dance differ- 
ently, and a foreign language in still another way. 

Eckerd faculty members choose to affiliate with a 
particular collegium, depending upon their 
approach to their subject. You will do the same. At 
the end of your Freshman year you will focus 
upon a majororarea of concentration and affiliate 
with thecollegium that best suits your perception 
of that study. 

Your concentration does not have to lie in a single 
field, such as history or biology. You can create 
your own concentration by combining those stu- 
dies that will help you achieve your career or 
professional goal. For example, if you wish to 
become an environmental economist, you can 
combine economics and biology, thus creating 
your own concentration to fit your own goal. The 
collegium concept makes this interdisciplinary 
approach to learning a natural one that is easy to 
accomplish. 

Eckerd sees the members of a collegium — stu- 
dents and faculty alike — as partners in learning. 
Professors bring high expectation to the learning 
process; students are expected to become inde- 
pendent learners and researchers, able to take 
maximum advantage of their professors' strong 
qualifications. Each collegium has its own deci- 
sion-making group, composed of professors and 
students, which gives students an important 
voice in the academic decisions of the college. 



THE FOUNDATIONS 
COLLEGIUM 

Eckerd College provides a special, perhaps 
unique program for all Freshmen through the 
Foundations Collegium. This is the first-year 
home for students, helping them to establish a 
foundation for their upper-level studies. The col- 
legium's program includes four important parts: 

1. Autumn Term. Freshmen arrive in mid-August 
to take a three-week course before the openingof 
the fall semester early in September. During this 
time, they also complete their testing, orienta- 
tion, and registration. Freshmen choose from 
some 15 projects limited to about 20 students 
each. The professor for that course will be the 
Mentor for those students. 

2. The Mentorship. Eckerd College has expanded 
the notion of the academic adviser to allow more 
help, care, and encouragement to its students. 
Each Freshman hasaMentorfromthefacultywho 
helps to guide him or her through the Freshman 
year. 

3. Western Heritage. All Freshmen are required to 
take FWH 181 (fall) and FWH 1 82 (spring), Western 
Heritage I and II. These courses explore central con- 
cepts and materials of Western civilization and intro- 
duce Freshmen to the themes of Eckerd College's 
general education program, the aesthetic, cross- 
cultural, environmental, and social relations per- 
spectives. Western Heritage courses are interdisci- 
plinary, using lecture and discussion formats. The 
discussion sections are the same groups, with the 
same instructor, as the autumn term groups. 

4. Skills Development. Every student must dem- 
onstrate proficiency, or take courses to develop 
skills, in composition, computation and foreign 
language. For more details see page 14 under 
"Degree Requirements," and under "Composi- 
tion" in the course listings. Foundations also pro- 
vides a Writing Laboratory to assist students with 
their writing. 

Attheendof the Freshman year, students choose 
an upper-level collegium and a new Mentor; any 
students still unsure of what to choose can get 
help from the Foundations office and/or Career 
Counseling. 



THE UPPER DIVISION 
COLLEGIA 



THE COLLEGIUM OF 
BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE 

Members of the Behavioral Science Collegium 
believe that the urgent problems of today — rac- 
ism, environmental pollution, overpopulation, 
world hunger and crime — are problems of hu- 
man behavior. Therefore, there is much to be 
gained by developing methodological and con- 
ceptual tools to better understand both indi- 
vidual and collective behavior. Students will take 
introductory courses in psychology or sociology 
as well as a course in statistical methods. In addi- 
tion, courses are available in the fields of eco- 
nomics, sociology, psychology, management, 
political science, business administration, fi- 
nance, accounting and marketing. 

THE COLLEGIUM OF 
COMPARATIVE CULTURES 

The Collegium of Comparative Cultures seeks to 
promote an understanding of the breadth of hu- 
man cultural achievements through languages, 
area studies, and related disciplines. The col- 
legium serves as both a window and a gateway to 
the cultures of the world: awindowforthosewho 
learn in the classroom from professors who have 
lived and studied in other cultures; a gateway for 
those who wish to visit these cultures after pre- 
paratory study on campus. Language study in 
French, German, Spanish, or Russian can be inte- 
grated into a major program, an interdisciplinary 




concentration with another discipline (such as 
management, political science, or comparative 
literature), or it may simply serve to round out a 
student's liberal arts program. Some students 
prefer to plan their studies around a particular 
area of the world. In such cases, the International 
Education office gives assistance in planning 
appropriate study-abroad experiences. Compar- 
ative Cultures graduates have chosen careers in 
teaching, interpreting, foreign service, religious 
vocations or international business. 

THE COLLEGIUM OF 
CREATIVE ARTS 

The Creative Arts Collegium is dedicated to assist- 
ing the development of the creative nature in 
each person. Freedom with responsibility is 
found to be vital in the creative person and this is 
given high priority. The Collegium has a human 
development section composed of psychology, 
human resources, leisure and recreation, and 
education. Also included are programs of art, 
music, theatre and dance, and the writing work- 
shop. Students will be encouraged to design in- 
terdisciplinary majors, to undertake independ- 
ent work, to apply knowledge in the community, 
and to make education exciting and enjoyable. 

THE COLLEGIUM OF LETTERS 

The Collegium of Letters is composed of students 
and faculty who have in common an interest in 
human beings, past and present — their history, 
literary and artistic products, religious commit- 
ments, political involvements, and philosophical 
groupings. The study of who we are by looking at 
what we are doing and the works and institutions 
created by our predecessors provides the rele- 
vance, vitality, and excitement of our program. 
This humane interest has value in and of itself. In 
addition, it provides a fundamental background 
for a wide variety of futures — vocational or 
through professional and graduate schools — as 
the experience of our graduates attests. 



THE COLLEGIUM OF 
NATURAL SCIENCES 

The Collegium of Natural Sciences brings to- 
gether biologists, chemists, environmentalists, 
earth scientists, marine scientists, mathe- 
maticians, physicists, and those interested in the 
health professions, including medicine, veteri- 
nary medicine, dentistry and medical tech- 
nology. 

The major emphasis of the Collegium is on the 
development of the skills of observation, ex- 
perimental design, problem-solving, research 
and the study of the principles and concepts that 
are necessary to successful scientific investiga- 
tion. The programs in the natural sciences are 
geared to provide students with information and 
techniques that can be applied to the problems of 
a changing society. 

THE ACADEMY OF SENIOR 
PROFESSIONALS 

The Academy of Senior Professionals at Eckerd Col- 
lege (ASPEC) is an integral unit of the college 
devoted to the promotion of continuing liberal 
education, scholarly activity, writing, study, and the 
development of individual or group projects of im- 
portance to members, to the college, and to the 
community. 

ASPEC is a unique organization composed of a 
group of mature men and women who have had 
distinguished careers in education, religion, busi- 
ness, the arts and sciences, government service, the 
armed forces, medicine, dentistry, law, architecture 
and social services and similar professional 
endeavors. By means of publications, lectures, col- 
loquia, convocations, and the like, members con- 
tinue to contribute to human knowledge. Through 
frequent association with faculty members and with 
students, members contribute their knowledge and 
experience, and receive in return fresh viewpoints 
and ideas. Some ASPEC members participate in 
teaching, always, however, on the invitation of the 
faculty members concerned. 

ASPEC is designed for those who wish during their 
retirement to expand their intellectual horizons, en- 
rich their cultural experiences, make constructive 
contributions to society, or pursue their own 
interests in association with congenial colleagues. 
Although they may have retired from their careers, 
members are not willing to retire their minds. Within 
the multi-generational educational community of 
Eckerd College, ASPEC members continue to grow 
and to contribute to society and the college. 

Some members reside within commuting distance of 
the campus. Others will live in housing units in 



ASPEC Vi I lage, the retirement center and condomin- 
iums now under construction on the campus. 
Inquiries should be addressed to: Director, Acad- 
emy of Senior Professionals, Eckerd College, St. 
Petersburg, Florida 33733. 

THE CO-CURRICULAR PROGRAM 

Both to express and to implement the breadth of 
the college's educational mission, there are three 
co-curricular areas in which each student is ex- 
pected to participate in significant ways during 
the undergraduate years: service, career explora- 
tion, and physical activity. Together, these areas of 
expected participation constitute the co- 
curricular program, which is intended to provide 
strong positive inducement for educational 
achievements that liefor the most part outside the 
formal academic curriculum, achievements that 
contribute directly to the college's goal of de- 
veloping competent givers whose lives will be 
characterized by leadership and service. The ex- 
pectations are as follows: 

Service. Each student shall have and find opportu- 
nities on and off campus to engage in significant 
service activities that help the student to develop 
leadership and other interpersonal skills, make a 
significant contribution to the welfare of others 
and encourage a lifelong commitment to service. 

Career Exploration. Each student shall have and 
find opportunities to explore in a systematic way 
the relationship of the undergraduate experience 
to the world of work and the student's occupa- 
tional skill and interests, to apply and thus en- 
hance acquired knowledge in career related 
situations, and to establish enduring beneficial 
relationships with persons engaged in occupa- 
tions or professions related to the student's in- 
terests. Such opportunities include internships, 
practica, research, studio work, a variety of other 
practice-oriented experiences offered through 




the major or concentration or through other 
programs of the college, or self-initiated activi- 
ties. 

Physical Activity. Each student shall have and find 
opportunities to engage in organized or self- 
initiated activities that help the student to de- 
velop an awareness of the importance of physical 
wellbeing and to acquire skills that contribute to 
good physical condition. 

Each student is free to choose the kinds of 
achievements and experiences that would meet 
each expectation. In each category, activities 
which are part of an approved course, or directed 
or independent study, may earn academic credit. 
An underlying expectation is that each student 
will come to Eckerd with the intention to develop 
a planned program of participation and achieve- 
ment in each of the three co-curricular areas, and 
thus a total co-curricular program that both sup- 
plements and enlivens the classroom experience. 

The Co-Curricular Record 

As a reflection of the fact that the co-curricular 
program is a significant dimension of the program 
of the college, each student has an official co- 
curricular record that is maintained in the Office 
of Student Affairs, which has primary responsibil- 
ity for the co-curricular program. Entries on this 
record must be consistent with the categories 
approved by the faculty, may be made only at the 
student's request and with the approval of the 
Dean of Students, and are limited to names of 
activities, leadership positions held, and honors 
received. The intent is twofold: to enable the 
student to compile an official record of response 
to college co-curricular expectations, and to pro- 
vide the student with credentials that may be used 
to supplement the academic transcript in applica- 
tion for jobs, graduate work, fellowships, and 
other postgraduate opportunities. Like the 
academic transcript, the co-curricular record is 
released outside the college only with the stu- 
dent's permission, and neither the academic 
transcript nor the co-curricular record makes re- 
ference to the other. 

THE ECKERD COLLEGE LIBRARY 

The library supports the educational mission of the 
college by providing facilities, resources and serv- 
ices designed to enhance the student's learning ex- 
perience. The primary goal of the library staff is to 
help students achieve competency in making use of 
available knowledge. In this constantly changing 
and increasingly complex world the ability to locate 
and use needed information has become a crucial 
skill. Instruction in the effective use of library re- 
sources begins in the Freshman level Western Herit- 



age course and progresses through upperclass levels 
where students are encouraged to make use of so- 
phisticated computer technology by searching in 
online databases. During all four years the emphasis 
is on providing, through frequent interaction be- 
tween student and librarian, the personal attention 
that makes for a learning experience of quality. 

Conveniently located in the center of campus, the 
library provides an open and inviting environment 
for study and leisure reading. Quiet carrels and car- 
peted lounge areas are interspersed throughout the 
open stack book collection. The mezzanine reading 
lounge provides an area for informal discussion and 
for smoking. A typing room is available for those 
who do not have their own typewriters, and for those 
desiring personal copies of printed or microfilmed 
materials, coin operated copying machines are 
available. 

Designed to meet the basic needs of undergraduate 
students, the library's book collection contains 
approximately 130,000 volumes. Periodical sub- 
scriptions number 940 with a total of 20,000 bound 
volumes. New materials designed to meet both the 
curricular and recreational reading needs of students 
are constantly being acquired and cataloged. Each 
year over 3000 books are carefully selected by in- 
structors and librarians for inclusion in the collec- 
tion. To augment the college's own holdings, the 
library participates in the Southeastern Library Net- 
work which provides computerized interlibrary loan 
access to several thousand libraries throughout the 
United States. 




SPECIAL ACADEMIC 
PROGRAMS 

PRE-PROFESSIONAL PROGRAMS 

Eckerd College regards liberal education as 
essential to thorough professional training and 
unites a broad freedom of student choice with 
graduate education in a number of fields: for law 
and medical school, medical technology, the 
ministry, engineering, elementary and secondary 
education, management, business administra- 
tion, and selected public service, human re- 
sources and community professions. 

Eckerd seeks to provide pre-professional experi- 
ence through intensively supervised internships 
rather than by professional and pre-professional 
courses that tend to limit the scope and quality of 
liberal education. The teacher education pro- 
gram, described immediately following, ex- 
emplifies the application of this principle. Stu- 
dents in management take certain specialized 
courses, such as accounting, and prepare them- 
selves through internships carefully planned with 
the Mentor of the management program. 
Similarly, human relations occupations involve a 
thorough liberal arts base, to which are added 
supervised field and employment experiences 
designed to meet the particular interest and need 
of the student. 

TEACHER EDUCATION 

The Eckerd College Teacher Education faculty 
seek to develop competent and humane leaders 
for the teaching profession. The Director of 
Teacher Education is responsible and account- 
able for all teacher education programs: elemen- 
tary certification, early childhood certification, 
secondary certification, grades 7-12, K-1 2 certifica- 
tion in art and music. For certification require- 
ments in these programs, see page 37 under 
"Education" in the course listings. 

To be eligible to apply to the Teacher Education 
Program, students must have attained combined 
S.A.T. Scores of 850, and both verbal and math 
score must exceed 400. Students must have earned a 
minimum grade point average of B or 2.8 on all 
college level work. 



Teacher program graduates seeking regular certifica- 
tion in Florida are required to pass the Florida 
Teacher Certification Examination and successfully 
complete the Florida Beginning Teacher Program. 
For further information about the policies and proce- 
dures for admission into the Teacher Education Prog- 
ram, contact the Director of Teacher Education and 
request a copy of The Student Teaching Handbook. 

ENGINEERING AND APPLIED 
SCIENCE — DUAL DEGREE 
PROGRAM 

The engineering and applied science program is 
designed for students who wish to combine a broad, 
values-oriented knowledge base with one of many 
fields of engineering or applied science. Students 
may pursue a career in many engineering disciplines 
(for example: electrical, civil, chemical, industrial, 
aerospace, textile, nuclear, biomedical or health 
systems), in engineering mechanics, systems 
engineering, computer science or one of several 
other applied sciences. 

Students apply to Eckerd College for regular admis- 
sion, spend three years at Eckerd taking mathematics 
and science courses that will qualify them to enter an 
engineering program atthejunior level. The detailed 
curriculum depends on the student's choice of 
engineering college and specific degree program. 

Upon successful completion of the three-year por- 
tion of the program (requirements of grade point 
average vary somewhat) and recommendation of 
Eckerd College, a student is admitted to an engineer- 
ing college, where the dual-degree requirements 
may normally be completed in two years. The stu- 
dent is then awarded degrees from both Eckerd Col- 
lege and the engineering school. 

At present, Eckerd cooperates in dual-degree pro- 
grams in engineering and applied science with 
Washington University (St. Louis), Auburn Univer- 
sity, Columbia University and Georgia Institute of 
Technology. Students may also apply to engineering 
schools with whom we do not have formal agree- 
ments. Many engineering schools accept transfer 
students. Several such schools have supplied us with 
advice and information on which courses would 
best prepare students to transfer into engineering at 
the Junior level. 



ARMY ROTC 

Eckerd College provides an Army Reserve Offi- 
cer's Training Program through a cross-enroll- 
ment agreement with the University of South 



10 



Florida at St. Petersburg. Students who complete 
the program, which consists of four courses in 
military science, a weekly leadership laboratory, 
and one summer camp, are commissioned in the 
United States Army. All students may take the 
courses in military science for elective credit. The 
ROTC program is open to both men and women, 
and scholarships are available on a competitive 
basis to qualified Sophomores, Juniors and 
Seniors. 

THE WRITING CENTER 

The purpose of the Writing Center is to enhance 
the student's learning capacity by helping him or 
her to become more organized in investigating 
and more articulate in formulating ideas. Work- 
ing closely with the Foundations Collegium, the 
staff and tutors of the Writing Center aid students 
who wish to improve writing skills and research 
competence. Assistance in such areas with an 
emphasis upon improving student writing is 
offered on an individual basis as well as in com- 
position courses. 

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION 

Eckerd College believes that a liberally educated 
person should be at home in other cultures, and 
we try to give every student the chance to study 
abroad. The Eckerd London Center is permanent- 
ly staffed and supervised by Eckerd faculty mem- 
bers; we have semester programs at the Santa 
Reparata Graphic Arts Center in Florence, at 
Coventry Cathedral in England, and we are also 
affiliated with the Institute forAmerican Universi- 
ties in France. 



Winter Term Abroad 

Eckerd's annual winter term offerings overseas 
each January are nationally recognized. Many stu- 
dents chooseto take theirwinterterm projects in 
London, and we also organize programs in loca- 
tions such as Austria, Mexico, Crete, Ireland, 
Sweden, Italy, Jamaica, Russia, Cuba, Canada, 
and the Caribbean. 

Semester Abroad 

Varied locations and curricula provide semester 
opportunities for students in almost all areas of 
concentration. Programsareavailablein Florence 
(art), London, Bogota, Coventry, Aix-en- 
Provence or Avignon, and Madrid. 

Year Abroad 

Eckerd has an exchange arrangement with Kansai 
Gaidai (University of Foreign Studies) in Osaka, 
Japan. 

The Office of International Education counsels 
with students in an effort to provide individuals 
with study abroad programs best suited to their 
particular academic needs. 

OFF-CAMPUS PROGRAMS 

Our academic calendar permits off-campus study 
for periods of one month (January), one semester 
(14weeks),anduptoafullacademicyear.Upper- 




11 



class students are encouraged to take advantage 
of programs and facilities not available at Eckerd 
through the off-campus program. It is possible to 
participate in group projects with a faculty leader 
or to contract independent studies of the stu- 
dent's own design. Group projects such as an 
archaeological dig in the southwest, government 
operations in Washington, D.C., or urban prob- 
lems in Chicago are possible. Independent pro- 
jects for individual students have been under- 
taken in industry, the Argonne Laboratories, mar- 
ine research, and at an Indian reservation. The 
winter term, through cooperation with other 
schools having a similar calendar, provides for 
intensive projects on other campuses throughout 
the United States. 

The Off-Campus Programs office assists students 
in making arrangements, preparing contracts, 
and providing information and ideas related to 
various choices. The project subject matter must 
make necessary the particular off-campus loca- 
tion chosen. 

SEA SEMESTER 

Eckerd College provides an opportunity for qual- 
ified students to earn a semester of credit in an 
academic, scientific and practical experience 
leading to a realistic understanding of the sea, 
sponsored by the Sea Education Association, Inc. 

Students spend the first half of the semester (the 
six-week shore component) in Woods Hole, Mas- 
sachusetts, receiving instruction in oceanography, 
nautical science and maritime studies. They then go 
to sea for the second half of the semester (the six- 
week sea component) aboard the RA/ Westward for 
a practical laboratory experience. For course de- 
scriptions see page 71. Eckerd College tuition and 
scholarship aid can be applied toward the cost of Sea 
Semester. For more information, contact the 
Office of International Education and Off-Campus 
Programs. 



INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS 

Eckerd College has been committed to interna- 
tional education since its inception. While we 
continue to provide opportunities for students to 
enrich their education abroad (see International 



Education page 1 1) one need go no further than 
the campus itself to experience a truly cosmopoli- 
tan environment. The International Student 
Affairs office sponsors support programs and 
activities for students coming from more than 40 
different nations to pursue a variety of studies 
here. There are two distinct groups of interna- 
tional students at Eckerd College: those who 
study in the English Language Center (ELS); and 
those who are degree-seeking students. 

These international students enrich the campus 
environment with their diverse cultural origins 
and ethnic backgrounds by providing face-to- 
face opportunities for cross-cultural exchange in 
classroom and other settings. The breadth of this 
experience is celebrated annually during the Fes- 
tival of Cultures with exhibits, entertainment and 
ethnic delicacies from around the world. 

CAREER-SERVICE PROGRAM 

A liberal education should not be considered 
separate from the economic, social and political 
realities of life. With increasing insistence, em- 
ployers and professional associations are asking 
career-minded students to relate fundamental 
education in liberal arts fields to long-range 
plans. Further, they stress the value of a solid 
liberal arts background for business or profes- 
sional careers. 

Woven into your academic program during your 
four years at Eckerd is a program to help you 
examine your career and professional goals. The 
Career-Service Program offers one or more of a 
variety of experiences: one-to-one and group di- 
agnostic career counseling to assist in making 
decisions which integrate academic programs, 
career planning and general lifestyle; internship 
and field experience placements which involve 
unpaid work experiences of observation either 
with a professional person or in a special social 
environment; paid work experiences related to 
current academic studies and long-range career 
goals; discipline internships such as teacher 
education, community studies, leisure studies, 
or management; and placement services to assist 
you in finding part-time and summer employ- 
mentwhile in school, butprimarilytoenableyou 
to select either the appropriate post-graduate 
education or the vocational career that fits your 
personal aptitudes, desires, and objectives. 



WOMEN'S STUDIES 

The Women's Studies program is designed to 
address the educational needs of women in this 



12 



region and women students at Eckerd College. 
Workshops, non-credit courses, seminars and 
networks of community leaders provide links 
with thewidercommunityand seek to respond to 
the needs of women who wish to complete their 
undergraduate college degree through non- 
traditional programs. 

The program, in addressing the needs of the Eckerd 
College students, has led to the establishment and 
support of a campus women's center, a Mentor ser- 
vice to students seeking an academic concentration 
in women's studies, and the offering and coordina- 
tion of a limited number of women's studies courses. 
These services are primarily within the Human Re- 
sources discipline of the Creative Arts Collegium. 

SUMMER TERM 

The summer term is an eight-week term consist- 
ing of two four-week sessions. Courses are avail- 
able in Session A, Session B, and/or through the 
full eight-week summer term. A preliminary an- 
nouncement of courses and fees is published in 
February; more detailed course descriptions are 
available in early March. Regularly enrolled 
Eckerd students and students enrolled and in 
good standing at other colleges and universities 
are eligible for admission. High school students 
who have completed their Sophomore year and 
present evidence (usually a recommendation 
from principal or counselor) of their ability to do 
introductory level college work, are eligible for 
admission with a scholarship which covers 50% of 
the regular tuition. Summer term rates are slightly 
reduced from academic year tuition levels. Stu- 
dents entering Eckerd in the summer with the 
intention of becoming degree candidates must 
make formal application for admission to the 
Dean of Admissions. 

It is possible to enroll in three courses in summer 
term, one in Session A, one in Session B, and one 
through the duration of the eight-week term. 
Summer courses may replace courses missed 



during the academic year or accelerate gradua- 
tion. Additional information about summer term 
courses may be secured from the Dean of Special 
Programs. 



PROGRAM FOR EXPERIENCED 
LEARNERS 

The Program for Experienced Learners (PEL) is a 
degree-completion program designed specifically 
for adult learners who are strongly motivated, yet 
have career or personal obligations which keep 
them from enrolling in a more traditional degree 
program. Because of the flexible and personal nature 
of the program, most students are able to continue 
working full-time while pursuing the bachelor's 
degree. The program is fully accredited by the South- 
ern Association of Colleges and Schools and confers 
the same degrees which are awarded through the 
residential program. 

College Credit for Your Life Experience 

PEL was founded on the belief that learning does not 
necessarily have to take place in a formal classroom 
setting. Learning, in fact, is a direct result of experi- 
ence. And when such "experiential learning" is 
relevant to academic goals, it should be recognized 
in a meaningful way. 

PEL students have been awarded college credit for a 
variety of prior learning experiences including: 
career-oriented learning, technical training, profes- 
sional development seminars and courses, com- 
munity activities, volunteer work, hobbies, travel 
experiences, military service, previous college 
work, and other meaningful personal efforts. The 
main requirement is that such prior learning be com- 
parable to college-level coursework and be appli- 
cable to the student's chosen degree program. Col- 
lege credit for life experience is based upon the 
evaluation of a documented portfolio which the PEL 
student compiles after enrolling in the program. A 
preliminary assessment is available for those who 




13 



would like an idea of their credit potential before 
commitment to the program. 

Depending upon the student's background and 
experience, a maximum of 27 courses could be 
awarded. Since the bachelor's degree requires a 
total of 36 courses, this represents a substantial 
savings of time and money. 

Admissions Requirements 

Because the program involves considerable em- 
phasis on directed and independent studies, such 
qualities as personal commitment, perseverance 
and self-discipline are necessary for success. 

Basically, the guidelines for admission are as fol- 
lows: 

1 . Applicants should be at least 25 years of age but 
the key factor is maturity. 

2. Applicants should have a high school diploma or 
high school equivalency diploma. College ex- 
perience is desirable and transfer credit will be 
awarded when coursework is relevant to career 
goals. 

3. Applicants should possess a high degree of per- 
sonal motivation and sincerity. Although the 
program is very flexible, ultimate success will 
depend upon the student's own initiative and 
strong desire to earn the degree. 

Meeting Degree Requirements 

In addition to meeting some degree requirements 
through experiential learning and transfer credit, 
other course requirements may be met in a variety of 
ways. PEL provides five eight-week terms at the main 
campus and in Clearwater during the academic 
year. Directed Study courses provide an option for 
PEL students in meeting degree requirements. These 
courses, designed by faculty members, require 
neither class participation nor campus residence. 
The student works closely with the faculty member 
and proceeds at a pace which is compatible with the 
student's work schedule. Other ways of meeting 
degree requirements for PEL students include: 

• Independent Study Courses 

• Tutorial Courses 

• Travel/Study Programs 

• Regular Campus Courses 

Majors and Degrees 

PEL students are awarded the same degree conferred 
in the residential degree program. The PEL degree 
preserves the basic features of the Eckerd College 
program by emphasizing the liberal arts as part of 
everyone's education, but also recognizes the 
importance of relating general knowledge to special 
career concerns. 



A number of degree programs are particularly well- 
suited to the PEL approach. Management and Busi- 
ness Administration concentrations can coordinate 
job experience with theory in the college curricu- 
lum. A major in Human Resources readily makes use 
of professional involvement in health services, com- 
munity service, and the helping professions. 

Financial Aid 

Financial aid is available to full-time PEL students 
who are taking at least two courses on campus per 
semester. Several types of aid are available including 
the Pell Grant, Florida Tuition Voucher, Federally 
Insured Student Loan and VA benefits. 

Another popular form of financial assistance is 
through tuition rebate programs sponsored by pri- 
vate corporation and government agencies. Many 
PEL students have found that their employers are 
very cooperative in helping to meet their college 
expenses. 

For More Information 

Additional information on financial aid, admissions 
requirements, and the Program for Experienced 
Learners may be obtained by writing: Program for 
Experienced Learners, Eckerd College, P.O. Box 
1 2560, St. Petersburg, FL 33733. Or call: (81 3) 867- 
1 166, ext. 229, and one of our counselors will be 
glad to help you. 



ACADEMIC POLICIES 
DEGREE REQUIREMENTS 

In order to graduate from Eckerd College, a stu- 
dent must spend at least two years, including the 
Senior year, in the college or in an approved off- 
campus program. 

Anystudentwhowishesto request an exemption 
from or a modification of an all-college require- 
ment may petition the Dean of Faculty using 
forms available in the Office of the Registrar. Peti- 
tions must include detailed reasons for the re- 
quest, and receive prior approval from the stu- 
dent's Mentor and collegia! chairperson. 

Unless modified in individual cases by action of the 
Educational Policy and Program Committee and the 
Dean of Faculty, the following requirements must be 
fulfilled by all students in order to qualify for formal 
recommendation by the faculty for the Bachelor of 
Arts degree: 

1) The satisfactory completion of a minimum of 
32 courses, plus an autumn term in the Fresh- 
man year and a winter term project in each 
subsequent year. 

a) A Freshman may take a winter term in addi- 
tion to autumn term, and substitute that 
winter term for one of the 32 courses. 



14 



b) One of the winter term projects, ordinarily 
in the Junior year, must be in the student's 
major or area of concentration. 

c) The winter term project in the Senior year 
normally consists of the preparation for 
comprehensive examinations, theses or 
projects. 

2) Writing competency: satisfactory perform- 
ance on a writing proficiency exercise taken at 
the beginning of the student's first term of 
enrollment. Students who achieve competen- 
cy on the initial exercise will be excused from 
the required composition courses. Students 
who do not satisfactorily pass the writing pro- 
ficiency examination will be required to enroll 
in an appropriate composition course during 
their first term of enrollment. The proficiency 
requirement will be met if a student earns a 
grade of C or better in this course and satisfac- 
torily passes the proficiency reexamination at 
the end of the course. If competence is not 
achieved at the end of the first course, an addi- 
tional composition course will be required in 
each subsequent semester until the required 
proficiency is achieved. (Native speakers of 
English may take two composition courses for 
credit; non-native speakers of English may 
take three composition courses for credit.) 

3) Computation (normally in the Freshman year): 
one college level mathematics, computer sci- 
ence, formal logic or statistics course, or one 
course that uses the computer as a major learning 
tool, designated by an M, may be satisfied by 
passing an appropriate proficiency examination 
administered by the college. 

4) Foreign language (normally in the Freshman 
year) : one year of foreign language at the col- 
lege level, or the equivalent as demonstrated 
by a college administered proficiency ex- 
amination. 

5) Western Heritage I and II, FWH 181 and 182. 

Students for whom English is a second language 
and who have not resided in the mainland U.S. 
for more than two years may substitute FWH 188 
U.S. Area Studies for Western Heritage I, which 
shall also fulfill the requirement for a course with- 
in the Cross-Cultural Perspective. There is a spe- 
cial section of Western Heritage II for interna- 
tional students. 

6) Four courses (normally in the Sophomore and 
Junioryears), oneeach from a list of options in the 
following four areas: the Aesthetic Perspective, 
the Cross-Cultural Perspective, the Environmen- 
tal Perspective, the Social Relations Perspective, 
distributed over four upper division Collegia. A 
term of study abroad also fulfills the Cross- 
Cultural Perspective. Courses fulfilling these re- 
quirements are indicated by the appropriate letter 



following the number. See the course descrip- 
tions for a listing of these courses. 

7) One course in the Senior year in the judaeo- 
Christian Perspective. 

8) One senior seminar within the collegium of the 
student's major focussing on the search for solu- 
tions to important issues that students are likely to 
confront during their lifetimes. 

9) The completion of a major (from the list of 32 
majors formally approved by the faculty), or an 
independently designed area of concentra- 
tion. The area of concentration must be 
approved by three members of the faculty, 
with an approved study plan filed in the Reg- 
istrar's office no later than fall semester of the 
Junior year. 

10)The satisfactory completion in the Senior year 
of a comprehensive examination, thesis, or 
creative project in the major or area of concen- 
tration with a grade of C or better. 

Students transferring to Eckerd College as Sopho- 
mores are considered exempt from Western 
Heritage, the computation and foreign language 
requirements. Students transferring as Juniors are 

also considered exempt from any two of the four 
Sophomore/Junior perspectives. 

The following requirements must be fulfilled by 
students in order to qualify for formal recom- 
mendation by the faculty for the Bachelor of 
Science degree: 

1) The satisfactory completion of the general 
course and all-college requirements as out- 
lined in sections 1-10 above. 

2) Completion of a major or area of concentration in 
one of the natural sciences or mathematics, in- 
cluding the satisfactory completion of at least six- 
teen courses in the Natural Sciences Collegium, 
including not more than one of the four required 
perspective courses. 

Students majoring in the natural sciences or 
mathematics may earn the Bachelor of Arts degree 
by completing at least twelve but fewer than sixteen 
courses in the Natural Sciences Collegium, includ- 
ing not more than one of the four perspective 
courses. 

For either the B.S. or the B.A. degree, students 
majoring in the natural sciences or mathematics 
may substitute specified courses outside the col- 
legium to satisfy the minimum requirement for 
courses within the collegium. Interested stu- 
dents should consult their Mentors for informa- 
tion on gaining approval for such substitutions. 



15 



THE HONORS PROGRAM 

The Honors Program at Eckerd College provides 
enhanced opportunities for independent study and 
research to students of outstanding ability. Selected 
students are brought together for close interaction 
and advanced work, such studies receiving perma- 
nent recognition on the students' transcripts. 

A special brochure is available from the Dean of 
Admissions describing the four years of the Honors 
Program but the program is briefly as follows. First- 
year Honors students meet for special sessions of the 
college's two Freshman core courses, Western 
Heritage I and II, for which an extra course credit is 
awarded. The second and third years of the Honors 



Program center around Honors courses in four areas 
or perspectives, these being the Aesthetic, the Cross- 
Cultural, the Environmental, and the Social Rela- 
tions Perspectives. Seniors in the Honors Program 
participate in a collegium in which they present their 
Senior thesis research, creative projects, or their 
work for comprehensive examinations. 

Students normally apply to the Honors Program in 
the spring before their anticipated fall enrollment. A 
faculty committee selects students for the approx- 
imately twenty spaces available in each class, with 
the selection criteria including high school record, 
standardized test scores, and teacher recommenda- 
tions. Interested students are encouraged to write the 
Dean of Admissions for additional information. 



MAJOR AND AREAS OF CONCENTRATION 

At Eckerd College efforts are made to tailor pro- 
grams of study to the particular needs and interests 
of individual students. To help guide students with 
the selection of courses, the faculty has approved a 
number of disciplinary and interdisciplinary ma- 
jors. In most cases, the faculty members associated 
with each major have prescribed minimum course 



requirements for the major. Brief descriptions of 
majors are included under each discipline heading 
in the course description section of this catalog. 
Students desiring more specific information about 
major programs should consult their Mentors, col- 
legial chairpersons and discipline coordinators. 
A list of the faculty-approved majors follows. 



American Studies 

Anthropology 

Business Administration/ 

Management 
Biology 
Chemistry 

Comparative Literature 
Computer Science 



Creative Writing Human Resources Music 

Economics Humanities Philosophy 

Elementary Education International Philosophy/ 
Environmental Studies/ Studies Religion 

Earth Sciences Literature Physics 

French Management Political Science 

German Mathematics Psychology 



Russian Studies 
Sociology 
Spanish 
Theatre 
Visual Arts 



History 



Modern Languages Religious Studies 



Students desiring to design their own programs of 
study are encouraged to develop an individualized 
area of concentration in cooperation with their 
Mentors. The proposed plan of study must ultimately 
be approved and have identified with it a specific 



committee of at least three faculty members. The 
approved study plan must be filed in the Registrar's 
office early in the Junior year. A major or concentra- 
tion may require no more than 12 courses in one 
discipline, and no more than 1 6 courses altogether. 



ACADEMIC CREDIT 

Credit toward a degree is awarded for satisfactory 
course completion, independent study projects, 
directed study programs, academic work certi- 
fied by another accredited degree-granting in- 
stitution, and proficiency demonstrated by ex- 
amination. 

Ordinarily credit is earned by course completion. 
A normal full-time academic load is eight courses 
plus an autumn term in the Freshman year and 
eight courses plus a winter term project in each 
subsequent year. 

Credit may be earned through independent study 
by students who exhibit both the self-discipline 
and mastery of the methodologies demanded by 
the subject matter selected by the student. An 
independent study project is designed by a stu- 
dent in consultation with the professor who is to 



supervise and evaluate the work. An academic 
contract, drawn in advance, specifies the subject 
and method of inquiry, the texts, the purpose of 
the project, and the basis of evaluation and credit. 
Each contract must be approved by the Director of 
Independent Study. Independent study options 
are available for both on and off-campus opportu- 
nities. Freshmen are not permitted to take off- 
campus independent studies. Contracts for these 
purposes are available from the Registrar. 

Provision is also made for credit by directed study. 
Both independent study and directed study re- 
quire advance planning by the instuctor and stu- 
dent. While initiative rests with the student for 
design of independent study, in directed study 
the instructor is responsible for supplying a sylla- 
bus which defines the program. Directed study 
syllabi are available from the Registrar. 



16 



Credit is granted by transfer from accredited de- 
gree-granting institutions, up to a limit of 16 
courses, plus one autumn and one winter term. A 
student entering Eckerd College should request 
that a transcript of work done in other institutions 
be sent to the Registrar. When the transcript has 
been evaluated, the applicant is notified of the 
credit accepted by transfer. Eckerd College stu- 
dents who wish to enroll for part of their programs 
at other institutions should have the approval in 
advance of their Mentors, appropriate discipline 
faculty, and the Registrar. For more information 
on transfer credit, please see page 87. 

Credit for demonstrated proficiency is awarded 
when a student applies for it with the Registrar 
and successfully completes appropriate ex- 
aminations. College Level Examination Programs 
are recognized for both advanced placement and 
academic credit. For more information on CLEP, 
see page 88. 

The college recognizes that many experiences 
outside the classroom may contribute to a stu- 
dent's program. Internships, participation in 
community projects, and field experience may be 
accorded credit if closely coordinated with the 
student's academic program. Such experience 
ordinarily constitutes a part of a regular course or 
independent study project. 

THE GRADING SYSTEM 

The standard grading system of the college is A 
(Superior Work), B (Good Work), C (Satisfactory 
Work), D (Poor Work), and F (Unacceptable 
Work). All courses in which a grade of Cor higher 
has been earned shall count toward fulfilling de- 
gree requirements. Acourse in which a D grade is 
earned may fulfill degree requirements only 
when a grade of B or higher is earned in another 
full course. 

A Credit/No Credit grading option is available in 
each course/project for students who are at least 
second semester Freshmen. Students desiring 
this grading option must petition for the approval 
of the course instructor, the Mentor, and the 
Educational Policies and Program Committee. Pe- 
titions must be submitted prior to the beginning 
of a semester or term. Grades of Credit and No 
Credit cannot be subsequently changed to letter 
grades. 

A grade of I (Incomplete) indicates that all course 
requirements are not complete by the end of the 
term and that, in the judgment of the instructor, 
extension of deadline is appropriate. Unless an 
earlier deadline is set by the instructor, a student 
will have thirty days into the next regular semester 
to complete the required work. If the work is not 
completed by that time, or the shorter deadline 
imposed by the instructor, the Incomplete will 
automatically become an F. 



In case of formal voluntary withdrawal before the 
end of the eighth week of a semester, a grade of W is 
recorded. If withdrawal occurs after that point, a 
grade of F is recorded. A W that results from an 
involuntary withdrawal must be validated with the 
Registrar at the time of withdrawal or as soon thereaf- 
ter as possible. 

All grades are reported to students and entered 
on the official record of the college. Grades of F 
will not be removed from the transcript. A nota- 
tion will be recorded on the transcript of any 
substitutegradeearned. Students may not repeat 
a course for credit unless they receive a D, need to 
repeat the course in order to progress in se- 
quence, and have the approval of the instructor 
and academic dean. 

Grade reports are mailed to students and parents/ 
guardians after January 1 5 for the autumn term and 
fall semester; after June 1 5 for the winter term and 
spring semester. 

STANDARDS OF 
SATISFACTORY ACADEMIC 
PROGRESS 



Normal Progress 

Normal progress toward graduation is the comple- 
tion of four courses each semester and a short term 
each year with grades of C or better. 

Academic Review Committee 

At the close of each semester the Academic Review 
Committee shall review the progress of every student 
who fails a course, receives a voluntary withdrawal 
(referred to hereafter by W), has more D than grades 
of B or better, is on academic probation, or is other- 
wise identified as not making satisfactory academic 
progress. Mentors, instructors and student personnel 
staff may be consulted. The Committee may place 
on probation or dismiss any student who in its judg- 
ment is not making satisfactory academic progress. 
In making such judgments the Committee shall be 
guided by the following standards and notify the 
Financial Aid office of each financial aid recipient 
affected. 

Probation 

A student who accumulates two or three F grades, or 
a combination of F and W grades that results in 
falling behind normal progress by two to five 
courses, or one more D than B or better grades, shall 
be placed on academic probation. 

Students placed on academic probation shall be 
notified of this action by the Academic Review Com- 
mittee and advised of how to remove the probation- 
ary status. 



17 



Students may enroll in up to four courses per semes- 
ter during the probation period. 

Students admitted on probation may have no more 
than two F or W grades in their first semester and 
must have at least one C or better in order to enroll 
for a second semester. 

Subject to Dismissal 

A student who accumulates four F grades, or a com- 
bination of F and W grades that results in falling 
behind normal progress by six courses, or four more 
Dthan B or better grades, in addition to being placed 
on probation, shall be notified that he or she is 
subject to dismissal for any additional F, D or W. 

Students may enroll in up to four courses per semes- 
ter while subject to dismissal. 

Suspension from Extracurricular 
Activities 

A student placed on probation or subject to dismissal 
as a result of F and W grades for a second consecu- 
tive semester, or as a result of D grades for a fourth 
consecutive semester, shall be suspended from par- 
ticipation in college sponsored extracurricular ac- 
tivities, and the directors of the activities notified, so 
that the student may devote full time to study. 

Removal from Probation 

Probationary status shall remain in effect until the 
student completes four courses in Eckerd College in 



one semester with C or better grades and the overall 
number of B or better grades at least equals the 
number of D grades. 

Dismissal 

A student who accumulates five or more F grades, or 
a combination of F and W grades that results in 
falling behind normal progress by seven courses or 
more, or five or more Dthan B or better grades, shall 
be dismissed for at least one semester. 

Students dismissed for academic reasons shall be 
notified in advance of the next regular semester by 
the Academic Review Committee. This notice shall 
also advise the student whether and, if so, when and 
how to be considered for readmission. 

To apply for readmission after dismissal, a student 
should write to the Dean of Students, who shall 
obtain the approval of the Dean of Faculty as chair of 
the Academic Review Committee before authorizing 
readmission. 

Second Dismissal 

A student who is readmitted after having been dis- 
missed for a limited period of time for academic 
reasons shall be admitted on probation, but shall be 
dismissed again if he or she accumulates an addi- 
tional two F grades, or a combination of F and W 
grades that results in falling behind normal progress 
by more than two courses, or three more D than B or 
better grades. 



Summary of Academic Review Committee Categories 



Probation: any one of the following 
2 or 3 F grades 
F and/or W grades that result in falling 

behind by 2 to 5 courses 
1 to 3 more D than B or better grades 

Subject to Dismissal: any one of the following 
4 F grades 
F and/or W grades that result in falling 

behind by 6 courses 
4 more D than B or better grades 



Dismissal: any one of the following 
5 F grades 
F and/or W grades that result in falling 

behind by 7 courses 
5 more D than B or better grades 

Second Dismissal: any one of the following 
Additional: 2 F grades 

F and/or W grades that result in falling 

behind by 3 courses 

3 or more D than B or better grades 



WITHDRAWALS 

Withdrawal from the college at any time is official 
only upon the completion of the withdrawal form 
available in the Registrar's office. Requests for 
readmission following withdrawal should be sent 
to the Dean of Students. Students may withdraw 
to enroll in another college for courses not avail- 
able here but important to the student's total 
program. Such courses may be transferred upon 



18 



the student's return, but must be approved in 
advance by the Mentor, discipline faculty and 
Registrar. Students requesting a withdrawal 
should consult with the Registrar. 

THE DEAN'S LIST 

The Dean's List is published following the fall semes- 
ter and the spring semester and includes students 
who completed four courses with a grade point aver- 
age of 3.75. Students with incomplete grades at the 
time of publication are not eligible. 

HONORS AT GRADUATION 

Eckerd College awards diplomas with honors to a 
fewstudents in each graduatingclass. Criteriaare 
entirely academic and include performance in 
courses, independent study and research, and on 
the comprehensive examination, thesis or proj- 
ect. Accomplishment in the complete college 
program is honored rather than in a major, con- 
centration, or discipline alone. The Honors/ 
Awards Committee calls for nomination for hon- 
ors from individual faculty members. Honors are 
conferred on recommendation of the committee. 



REGISTRATION 

Registration dates are listed in the calendar at the 
back of this catalog. Upon completion of precedures 
as outlined in registration materials, the student's 



registration is approved by the business office and 
the Registrar. Students who preregister late will be 
charged a $25 fee. Proof of payment must accom- 
pany the registration. 

All courses for which the student wishes to regis- 
terforcredit must be listed on theofficial registra- 
tion form. The student is responsible for every 
course listed and can receive no credit for courses 
not listed on this form. After registration day, official 
changes in study lists may be made only through 
official drop/add cards approved by the instructors 
whose courses are involved. Unless a course is offi- 
cially dropped, a grade of F will be incurred if the 
student fails to meet the obligations of the course. 
No course may be added after the drop/add dead- 
lines which are printed in the calendar in the back 
of this catalog. 

AUDITORS 

Any regularly registered full-time student may 
audit a course without fee, subject to permission 
of the instructor. Part-time students or students 
not registered for credit may attend courses as 
auditors subject to formal permission of the in- 
structor and payment of an auditor's fee of $1 90. 
Entry is made on the student's permanent record 
concerning audited classes. A course taken for 
audit may be changed to credit with the instruc- 
tor's permission, if the change is filed with the 
Registrar by the end of the eighth week of a 
semester. 




19 




20 



DESCRIPTIONS OF COURSES AND MAJORS 

(Alphabetically by Discipline) 
Meaning of betters and Numbers 



1 . The first letter indicates the collegium offering 
the course. A-Creative Arts; L-Letters; C- 
Comparative Cultures; B-Behavioral Science; 
N-Natural Sciences; F-Foundations; I- 
International (offered abroad). 

2. The second two letters indicate the discipline. 
WH-Western Heritage; INT-a course offered 
abroad. 

3. Interdisciplinary courses are indicated by the 
collegial designations: ACR-Creative Arts, 
BES-Behavioral Science, CCU-Comparative 
Cultures, LTR-Letters, NAS-Natural Sciences, 
FDN-Foundations. 

4. The first digit of the three numbers indicates 
the level of the course: 1 and 2 indicate a 
course at the Freshman or Sophomore level; 3 
and 4 indicate a course at the Junior or Senior 
level. 



The second and third digits are used at the 

discretion of the collegium, with the following 

exceptions for the second digit: 
5 indicates a directed study 
9 indicates an independent study 

95 indicates a PEL tutorial 

331-332 indicates Special Topics 

410 indicates a Senior Seminar 

498 indicates Comprehensive Examination 

499 indicates Senior Thesis or Project 

If a fourth or fifth digit is used, it designates 
different sections of the same course. 

Perspective courses are indicated by A- 
Aesthetic, C-Cross-Cultural , E- 
Environmental, S-Social Relations after the 
digits. JCP indicates Judaeo-Christian Per- 
spective. Courses which meet the computa- 
tion requirement are indicated by M after the 
digits. 



Opportunites for independent study are available in all collegia. Independent study contracts are negotiated 
between the student and the faculty sponsor. Independent study contract forms are available in the 
Registrar's office. 

Directed studies are listed in this course atlas. Copies of directed study syllabi are available in the Registrar's 
office. Some directed studies are available through the Program for Experienced Learners only. Please 
consult the PEL Director for a list of these. 

The required four different perspective courses must be taken in four different collegia. 

An academic minor is an option available to all students. The academic minor shall consist of five courses 
from a single discipline, to be determined by the discipline. 



ACCOUNTING 

An accounting concentration may be elected by a 
student as a skill area within the management 
major. Students electing accounting as a skill area 
within the management major must meet the re- 
quirements for the Management program. See 
Management for descriptions of those require- 
ments and courses, page 55. 



AESTHETIC PERSPECTIVE 
COURSES 

Courses in this perspective are designed to provide 
an introduction to a major area of artistic endeavor. 
Whether in creative expression or aesthetic appre- 
ciation, all focus on providing students with the 
ability to make informed value judgments in the 
artistic area under consideration. 



AAR 329A The Art Experience 

For description see Art, page 26. 



ACR 201 A Triartic Aesthetics or 
Understanding the Arts 

Profs. Richard Rice, Arthur Skinner 

Immersion in the performing and visual arts of the 
Tampa Bay area, and an exploration of the creative 
process from the perspective of artist, performer, 
and audience. Field trips. 



ACR 202A Literature and Vocation 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Moral, ethical and religious questions in working 
life, as seen in the novel. Discussion of the books 
with practitioners of the professions who wi 1 1 speak 
from professional experience. 

21 



Aesthetic Perspective Courses 



ACR 225A Multimedia Studies in 
Aesthetics 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

How does a Mass sung in a Gothic cathedral, or an 
avante garde music drama, mean? Fundamentals 
of art criticism applied to various "multimedia" 
phenomena; aesthetic theories extracted. Permis- 
sion of instructor required. 



A/LLI 1 03A Readings in Poetry, Fiction and 
Drama: An Introduction 



ALI 225A Modern American Poetry 
A/LLI 226A Literary Genres: Short Novel 
ALI 382A Contemporary American Poetry 

For descriptions see Literature, page 49 

AMU 226A American Music and Values 

For description see Music, page 61 . 

ATH 102A The Living Theatre 

ATH 322A Communication Arts and 
Persuasion 

ATH 363A Ensemble Theatre 

ATH 370A Scenography 

ATH 481 A Seminar in Theatre: Theory and 
Values 

For descriptions see Theatre, page 76. 

CAN 383A Primitive and Folk Art 

For description see Anthropology, page 24. 



CHI 244A Cultural History of Russia 

For description see History, page 44. 



IAR 321 A Art Patronage in London 
ITH 365A Theatre in London 

For description see London Offerings, page 54. 

INT 379A Florence Seminar 

For description see Italy Offerings, page 48. 



LHI 248 A History and Appreciation of 
Modern Painting 

LHI 341 A Medieval-Renaissance Art and 
Architecture 

For descriptions see History, page 43. 



L/ALI 103A Readings in Poetry, Fiction and 
Drama 

LLI 105A The Literature of Popular Culture 

LLI 222 A American Literature II 

L/ALI 226A Literary Genres: Short Novel 

LLI 227A Contemporary Fiction, 
Contemporary Issues 

LLI 239A English Literature: 1800 to 
Present 

LLI 241 A Great American Novels 

LLI 305A Woman as Metaphor: 
Investigating our Literary Heritage 

LLI 31 0A Literary Themes: Literature as 
Human Experience 

LLI 325A Men and Women Together: 
Examining our Literary Heritage 

For descriptions see Literature, page 49. 



LRE 342A Literature of the Bible 

For description see Religious Studies, page 70. 

AMERICAN STUDIES 

A broad, interdisciplinary major in American civi- 
lization built around the core disciplines of history, 
political science and literature. The program may 
also include courses in such fields as philosophy, 
religion, art, economics and sociology. The stu- 
dent's program, developed in consultation with the 
Mentor and supervised by a three-member faculty 
committee, should form a consistent pattern of 
courses in American culture and institutions. The 
program will include a minimum of ten courses, 
with at least five from one discipline and at least 
three from a second discipline. Six of the ten 
courses must be beyond the introductory level. 
One of the following seminars, which also meet 
the Social Perspective course requirement, should 
be included in the major. 



22 



Anthropology 



LAM 306S American Myths, American 
Values 

Prof. William McKee 

Myths in American history, literature and religion 
which shape Americans' understanding of their 
identity and history. 



CAN 201 S The Anthropological 
Experience: Introduction to Anthropology 

Prof. Dudley DeCroot 

Concepts and viewpoints of contemporary 
anthropology through multimedia investigation: 
slides, films, elementary field experience. 



LAM 307S Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 
Reactionaries and Reformers 

Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

Reform and radical ideology of the 19th and 20th 
centuries. Populism, progressivism; nationalist, 
civil rights, peace, feminist movements. 



CAN 202 Introduction to Field 
Archaeology 

Prof. Dudley DeCroot 

Participation in a field experience. Prerequisite: 
CAN 201 S or permission of instructor. Limit 30. 



LAM 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender 
and American Culture 

Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

Changing perspectives on what it means to be male 
or female in the U.S. Historical origins and sources 
of values concerning masculinity and femininity. 



LAM 309S The American Industrial State 

Prof. William McKee 

Historical development of American corporation, 
organized labor, changing patterns of business 
leadership, growth of regulatory function, roles of 
business, labor and government. 



ANTHROPOLOGY 

The major in anthropology is designed to help 
students acquire the basic perspective and under- 
standing of the field, as well as proficiency in 
applying the anthropological viewpoint to the 
world in which they live. Requirements for the 
major include successful completion of five core 
courses: Introduction to Anthropology, Research 
Methodology, Anthropological Theory, Physical 
Anthropology, and a choice of either Anthropolog- 
ical Linguistics, Applied Anthropology, or Intro- 
duction to Field Archaeology, plus successful com- 
pletion of four other courses and one winter term in 
anthropology. Students who intend to pursue 
graduate studies in anthropology are strongly 
advised to take course work in the areas of statis- 
tics, language studies, history, sociology and 
psychology. Independent and directed study 
courses in various areas of anthropology are nor- 
mally available each academic year. Anthropolo- 
gy majors are strongly encouraged to participate in 
one or more overseas study experiences during 
their four years at Eckerd College. 



CAN 205 Peasant Cultures 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Case studies of peasant villages, efforts at 
modernization and the role of peasants in 20th 
century revolutions. Offered every third year. 



CAN 207C Chinese Communist Society 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Family, child-raising, position of women; nur- 
series, schools, clinics; Revolutionary 
Committees. China's politics since the death of 
Mao. 



CAN 208 Human Sexuality 

Prof. Dudley DeCroot 

Sexuality as symbolically invested behavior, and 
its consequences in cultural, social and personal 
dimensions. 



CAN 226 American National Character 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Observations of foreigners, including de 
Tocqueville, Gorer, Henry, Hsu, Mead, Reisman, 
offer insights into customs and attitudes of 
Americans. Exercises in ethnographic observation. 
Offered every third year. 



CAN/LLI 230 Linguistics 

For description see Literature, page 49 



CAN 250/1 (Directed Study) 

The Endless Journey: An Introdution to 

Anthropology I, II 

Prof. Dudley DeCroot 

Basic concepts, theoretical viewpoints and re- 
search techniques of contemporary anthropology. 



23 



Anthropology 



CAN 286C Cultures of Africa 

Prof. Dudley DeCroot 

Africa's geography, topography and cultural pat- 
terns: politics, economics, language, adaptation. 
Comparisons of cultural heritages for selected 
societies. Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher. 



CAN 305 Culture and Personality 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Major theoretical and conceptual tools utilized by 
anthropologists in the study of personality in 
culture; data-gathering techniques. Offered every 
third year. 



CAN 330 Physical Anthropology 

Prof. Dudley DeCroot 

Evolution and fossil hominids (apes and men). 
Laboratories focus on anthropometric techniques. 
Controversies engendered by modern anthro- 
pological studies. Offered alternate years. 



CAN 333 Making a Mirror for Man: An 
Introduction to Anthropological Research 
Methodology 

Prof. Dudley DeCroot 

Design and implementation of different types of 
research modes. Field work projects. 
Prerequisite: CAN 201 S. Offered alternate years. 



CAN 334 Applied Anthropology 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Application of anthropology in business, industry, 
rural development programs, foreign and domestic 
governmental agencies. Ethical/moral problems. 
Field projects. Offered alternate years. 



CAN 335 Cultural Ecology 

Prof. Dudley DeGroot 

Relationships between environment and cultural 
systems. Prerequisite: CAN 201 S. Offered every 
third year. 



CAN 336 Ethnic Identity 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Role of ethnic identity in nationalism, non- assim- 
ilation of minorities, intercultural understanding, 
communication and interaction. Offered every 
third year. 



CAN 383A Primitive and Folk Art 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Primitive cultures through the perspective of art 
and anthropology. Styles, functions and broader 
cultural contexts. Offered alternate years. 



CAN/BMN 385C The Cultural Environment 
of International Business 

Profs. Hendrick Serrie, Joseph Bearson 

Challenge of conducting business operations 
successfully in a cultural environment distinct from 
one's own. 



CAN 436 Anthropological Theory 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Schools of thought on evolution, diversity, 
diffusionism, culture and personality. Prerequisite: 
one course in anthropology or sociology. Offered 
alternate years. 



CAN 483C Culture From the Inside Out 

Prof. Dudley DeGroot 

Values, perceptions, feeling states and deeply 
rooted assumptions central to experiencing and 
understanding any culture. 



CGR 250 (Directed Study) Geography 

CGR 350 (Directed Study) World Regional 
Geography 

For description see Geography, page 42. 

CCU 282C East Asian Area Studies 
CCU 388C Sino-Soviet Conflict 

For descriptions see Cross-Cultural Perspective 
Courses, page 33. 

ART 

Programs in visual arts are individually designed 
with a Mentor. Every program must include Visual 
Problem Solving and Basic Drawing and two 
courses in Art History or Esthetics taken outside the 
discipline. Proficiency in drawing and design must 
be demonstrated in a Sophomore show before the 
required thesis show may be undertaken in the 
Senior year. 



24 



Art 



AAR 101 Visual Problem Solving 

Prof. James Crane 

Systematic approach to visual arts, developing 
skills in spatial organization, relating forms in 
sequence, discovering uniqueness, personal 
approach to solutions, even within narrow, arbi- 
trarily prescribed bounds. 



AAR 102 Drawing Fundamentals 

Profs. Arthur Skinner, Margaret Rigg 

For the novice or the initiated, an immersion in 
new ways of seeing, eye-hand coordination, self- 
discovery, and self-expression through varied 
drawing media, using as sources the figure, still- 
life, nature, and imagination. 



AAR 222 Clay I 

Prof. John Eckert 

For beginners, the fundamentals of ceramic mate- 
rials, handforming, recycling, glazing, firing. 
Laboratories with supervised working time and lec- 
tures on technical knowledge. 



AAR 223 Relief Printing 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

An in-depth investigation of one of the oldest print 
mediums, using linoleum as the primary matrix to 
explore design and graphic imagery in both black 
and white and color. Prerequisite: AAR 101 or 
102. 



AAR 228 Painting Workshop 

Prof. James Crane 

Introduction of process of painting with emphasis 
on each student finding his/her own imagery, 
exploring technical means. Any medium or com- 
bination allowed. Prerequisite: AAR 102. 



AAR 229 Photography as Image Gathering 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

Process, techniques, and aesthetics of taking and 
developing black and white photographs. No pre- 
requisites, but the student should have access to a 
camera with adjustable aperture and shutter 
speeds. 



AAR 230 Watercolor Painting I 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

Class time will be used for discussions, critiques, 
demonstrations and field trips. Actual painting to 
be done outside class, minimum of two hours daily 
strongly recommended. Offered alternate years. 



AAR 241 Intermediate Drawing 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

Figure-ground spatial composition, individual de- 
velopment in drawing techniques, formal com- 
position of two-dimensional space, technical mas- 
tery, development of images. Prerequisite: AAR 
102 or permission of instructor. Offered alternate 
years. 



AAR 225 Etching 



Prof. Arthur Skinner 



Basic techniques of etching, including hard and 
soft grounds, aquatint, drypoint, open biting, 
embossing, and color printing. Experimentation 
and an imaginative approach is expected. Pre- 
requisites: AAR 102, or AAR 101 and permission of 
instructor. 



AAR 250 (Directed Study) History of the 
Print 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

A survey of the history and development of the 
print medium, intended primarily for art students 
with some background in the graphic arts. Counts 
as one art history credit. 



AAR 301 Collage and Assemblage 

Prof. James Crane 

Production of two-and three-dimensional objects 
and images, employing various materials, explor- 
ing the interface between painting and sculpturing. 
Prerequisites: AAR 101 and 102. Offered alternate 
years. 



AAR 308 Throwing on the Potter's Wheel 

Prof. John Eckert 

Throwing instruction and practice. Skill, aesthetic 
considerations, techniques and critiques. Pre- 



25 



Art 



requisite: AAR 222 or permission of instructor. 
Offered alternate semesters. 



AAR 320 Plate Lithography 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

An exploration of the basic techniques of alumi- 
num plate lithography. Students will be expected 
to produce prints in color as well as black and 
white. Prerequisites: AAR 101 and 102 and per- 
mission of instructor. 



AAR 321 Advanced Drawing 

Critique forum for students ready to do serious 
work in various drawing media, developing their 
personal mode of expression. Emphasis on experi- 
mentation with new materials and ideas. Must be 
capable of working independently. Permission of 
instructor required. 



AAR 322 Advanced Photography Critique 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

Intensive independent projects designed to en- 
courage imaginative examination of the local 
environment. Class critiques weekly. Evaluation 
on final portfolio of at least 20 finished mounted' 
prints exhibiting technical excellence and creative 
insight. Prerequisite: AAR 229. 



AAR 325 American Calligraphy II 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

Continues development of the understanding of 
history and the meaning of fine lettering. Hand- 
writing as a craft and as a fine art. Prerequisite: AAR 
324. 



AAR 329A The Art Experience 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

Students select one ARTIST-TO-BE and do art 
works and research on the life and times of that 
artist, and make a presentation as the exam, which 
is on both the arts works and the facts. 



AAR 331 Traditional Painting Media Work- 
shop 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

A painting course in dry pigments mixed with egg 
medium on a prepared surface. Previous work in 
drawing and in painting (any medium) is required. 
Three finished, framed works will be produced. 



AAR 332 British Calligraphy 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

Introduction to the Roman, Uncial and Italic 
hands. Calligraphy demands hand/eye/mind coor- 
dination. Fourteen final matted works required. 



AAR 323 Painting Critique 

Prof. James Crane 

Independent work with regular critiques for stu- 
dents who have taken Painting Workshop or had 
prior experience in painting. Not for beginners. 



AAR 327 Painting Workshop II 

AAR 328 Painting Workshop III 

Prof. James Crane 

Continuation of process begun in AAR 228. Indi- 
vidual instruction with periodic group critiques. 
Emphasis on larger scale works and technical 
appropriateness. Prerequisites: AAR 228 for 327; 
327 for 328. Offered alternate years. 



AAR 324 American Calligraphy I 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

A unique calligraphy course in one of the Amer- 
ican alphabet styles. Covers some knowledge of 
Roman letterforms and other traditional European 
alphabets. A process learning course. 



AAR 3/420 Studio Critique 

Prof. James Crane 

Maximum of independence with regular critiques, 
each student preparing a contract for work in 
media of the student's choice. Class used for re- 
view of work, field trips and discussion. Pre- 
requisites: AAR 101, 102 and any media work- 
shop. 



AAR 499 Senior Thesis and Seminar 

Prof. James Crane 

For Senior art majors preparing thesis shows, self- 
structured time to work, regular weekly meetings, 
critiques, practice in hanging and criticizing 
shows. Personal, individual discussion time with 
instructor. Prerequisite: Senior major in art. 



ACR 201 A Triartic Aesthetics: Understand- 
ing the Arts 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective Courses, 

Page 21. 



26 



Biology 



IAR 251 (Directed Study) History of English 
Architecture 

IAR 321 A Art Patronage in London 
1700 -c. 1850 

For descriptions see London Offerings, page 54. 
For courses offered in Florence 
see Italy Offerings, page 48. 



ASTRONOMY 

For description see Physics, page 65. 

AUTUMN TERM PROJECTS 

Descriptions of autumn term projects are pub- 
lished in a separate brochure. 

BIOLOGY 

Requirements for a major ordinarily include dem- 
onstration of basic knowledge and understanding 
of the history, method, and principles of plant and 
animal morphology, taxonomy, physiology, 
embryology, genetics, evolution and ecology. This 
demonstration will be satisfied by successful com- 
pletion of a Senior comprehensive or thesis exam 
and the following courses: Marine Invertebrate 
Biology, Botany (or General Biology as an alterna- 
tive to either of these), Biology of Vertebrates, Cell 
Biology, Genetics and Development, Comparative 
Physiology, either General and Aquatic Ecology or 
Biology of Marine Vertebrates and an acceptable 
elective. In addition, each student must satisfac- 
torily complete the Biology Seminar, and Concepts 
of Chemistry I and II. Minimal pre-professional 
requirements usually further specify advanced 
courses in chemistry, mathematics, and physics. 



NBI 121E General Biology 

Prof. John Reynolds 

Principles of biological science; scientific method; 
characteristics of and interactions between cells, 
organs, organisms, populations, communities and 
ecosystems. 



NBI 187 Plant Biology 



Prof. Sheila Hanes 



Evolution, diversity and development of plants, 
their place in the ecosystem and responses to en- 
vironmental conditions. Vascular, non-vascular 
marine, freshwater and land plants. Field trips. 



NBI 189 Marine Invertebrate Biology 

Prof. John Ferguson 

Structural basis, evolutionary relationships, 
biological functions and environmental interac- 
tions of animal life in the seas, exploring the local 
area. 



NBI 200 Biology of Vertebrates 

Classification, evolutionary history, structure, neo- 
Darwinian evolution and evolutionary features as 
seen in anatomy of aquatic and terrestrial chor- 
dates. 



NBI 202 Cell Biology 



Prof. William Roess 



Structure, function and the flow of energy as the 
unifying principle linking photosynthesis, anaero- 
bic, aerobic respiration and expenditure of energy 
by the cell. Prerequisite: high school level chemis- 
try, biology. Sophomore standing recommended. 



NBI 204 Microbiology 



Prof. Sheila Hanes 



Biology of microorganisms; microbiological tech- 
niques, isolation and identification of unknown 
organisms. 



NBI 250 (Directed Study) Exploration in 
Human Nutrition 

Prof. Rebecca Ferguson 

Available through summer term or Special Prog- 
rams only. Suitable for non-science majors. For 
students curious about their own nutritional needs, 
who may be confused by the many myths currently 
perpetuated in popular literature. 



NBI 282E Economic Botany 

Prof. Sheila Hanes 

How plants affect the quality of Itfe, interdepend- 
ence of humans and plants and the importance of a 
diverse environment. Prerequisite: at least Sopho- 
more standing. 



NBI 301 General and Aquatic Ecology 

Physical, chemical and biological relationships in 
natural communities. Field work in nearby ponds 
and Gulf shoreline. Prerequisites: NBI 187, 189 
and 200 or permission of instructor. 



27 



Biology 



NBI 303 Genetics and Development: 
Interpretive 

Prof. William Roess 

Mendelian and transcription genetics from histor- 
ical perspective. Key experiments. For Junior sci- 
ence students particularly interested in interdisci- 
plinary work for less professionally oriented biolo- 
gy majors. 



NBI 304 Comparative Physiology: 
Interpretive 

Prof. John Ferguson 

Physiological mechanisms of animals; compara- 
tive method, integrated into other areas of student's 
interest through interdisciplinary work. Co- 
requisite: NCH 122. 



NBI 305 Genetics and Development: 

Investigative 

Prof. William Roess 

See NBI 303. Lecture/lab develops specific skills, 
including how to grow, maintain and experiment 
with microbial tissueculturecells. For Junior biolo- 
gy majors. 



NBI 306 Comparative Physiology: 
Investigative 

Prof. John Ferguson 

See NBI 304. Investigative lab, advanced meth- 
odology. Prerequisite: NBI 305. Corequisite: NCH 
222. 



NBI 307 Biology of Marine Vertebrates 

Prof. John Ferguson 

Classification, characteristics, general ecology and 
current research methodology. Field trips. Pre- 
requisite: NBI 200. 



NBI 350 (Directed Study) Human Physiology 

Prof. John Ferguson 

Nerves, muscles, sense and endocrine organs; car- 
diovascular, respiratory, digestive, reproductive, 
excretory systems; metabolic integration. Suitable 
for biology majors off-campus unable to take NBI 
304 or 306. Prerequisites: NCH 1 22, NBI 202 and 
permission of instructor. 



NBI 402 Advanced Topics in Ecology 

Selected aspects of aquatic or terrestrial eco- 
systems; topics determined by student interests. 
Prerequisites: NBI 189, 200 and 301. 



NBI 406 Advanced Topics in Botany 

Prof. Sheila Hanes 

Subjects investigated determined by student in- 
terest. Prerequisite: NBI 187. 



NBI 407 Paleobotany 

Prof. Sheila Hanes 

Ancient environments and formation of fossils, 
evolution of plants, research techniques, field 
trips. Prerequisite: NBI 187 or permission of in- 
structor. 



NBI 408 Biology Seminar (2-year sequence) 

Topical problems in biology, especially those not 
fully explored in other areas of the biology curricu- 
lum. Junior, Senior biology majors participate for 
one course credit; Sophomores invited to attend. 



NBI 422 Advanced Topics in Genetics 

Prof. William Roess 

Human genetics, chromosomal abnormalities, 
physiological defects and behavior disorders. 
Biological and social implications. Interests of stu- 
dents considered. Prerequisite: general genetics or 
permission of instructor. 



NBI 499 Independent Research - Thesis 

Upon invitation, Seniors may design and carry out 
a creative research program, usually resulting in a 
written dissertation which is defended in the 
spring. 



NAS 207 Introduction to Geology 

Mineralogy, crustal movements, volcanism, 
ground and surface waters, glaciation; history of 
the earth, its inhabitants and surface features. Field 
trips. Offered alternate years. 



NAS 382E Man and the Ocean Environment 

NAS 383 E Ecology, Evolution and Natural 
Resources 

NAS 385E Marine Mammals: Their Biology 
and Interactions with Man 

For descriptions see Environmental Perspective 

Courses, page 40. 

See also Sea Semester, page 71 . 



28 



Chemistry 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

A business administration concentration may be 
elected by a student as a skill area within the man- 
agement major. Students electing business admin- 
istration as a skill area within the management 
major must meet the requirements for the Manage- 
ment programs. See Management for descriptions 
of those requirements and courses. 

CHEMISTRY 

Students majoring in chemistry for the B.A. degree 
take Concepts of Chemistry I and II, Organic 
Chemistry I and II, Analytical Chemistry, Physical 
Chemistry I, Experimental Chemistry I, Chemistry 
Seminar (Junior and Senior years), Calculus I and II, 
Physics I and II and one upper level chemistry 
elective. For the B.S. degree students take Physical 
Chemistry II, Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, and 
Experimental Chemistry II beyond those courses 
required for the B.A. degree. In addition, B.S. de- 
gree candidates must fulfull the requirement of 1 6 
courses in the Natural Sciences. For either degree, 
students must maintain a C average in chemistry 
and supporting courses. The B.S. degree is certified 
by the American Chemical Society. 

Juniors and Seniors are involved in Experimental 
Chemistry I and II, a three-semester laboratory 
program integrating analytical, inorganic, ^in- 
strumental, organic and physical chemical 
methods and techniques. Projects undertaken are 
problem-solving oriented and become increasing- 
ly more sophisticated during the first two semesters 
of the program. The final semester is devoted to an 
independent research project of the student's 
choice. 



NCH 101E Chemistry and the Environment 

Development of mathematical, conceptual and 
problem-solving skills. Examples from current en- 
vironmental and energy issues. Not recommended 
for students who have taken Concepts in Chemis- 
try. Prerequisite: high school algebra. 



NCH 121 Concepts in Chemistry I 

Principles of modern chemical theory for majors in 
the sciences. Prerequisites: high school chemistry 
course, three years of high school math, or NCH 
101 E with a grade of C or better. 



NCH 122 Concepts of Chemistry II 

Modern chemical theory of importance to later 
work in chemistry and molecular biology. Labora- 
tory includes use of instrumentation for pH, redox, 



spectrophotometric measurements. Prerequisite: 
NCH 121 with grade of C or better. 



NCH 221 Organic Chemistry I 

Prof. Wayne Cuida 

First part of two-course sequence dealing with 
chemistry of carbon-containing compounds. 
Laboratory on techniques of organic chemistry, 
preparation of several simple organic compounds. 
Prerequisite: NCH 122 with grade of C or better. 



NCH 222 Organic Chemistry II 

Prof. Wayne Guida 

Continuation of NCH 221 proceeding to more 
complex functional groups. Laboratory on prepa- 
ration of organic compounds, qualitative methods 
for determination of unknown organic substances. 
Prerequisite: NCH 221 with grade of C or better. 



NCH 320 Analytical Chemistry 

Prof. Alan Soli 

Modern analytical measurements, separations, 
and instrumentation including acid-base, redox, 
solubility, complexation equilibrian and their 
applications. Prerequisites: NCH 222 or permis- 
sion of instructor, and NMA 132. 



NCH 321 Physical Chemistry I 

Prof. Reggie Hudson 

Laws of thermodynamics; free energy, chemical 
and heterogeneous equilibrium; solutions of elec- 
trolytes, non-electrolytes; electrochemistry, chem- 
ical kinetic theory. Prerequisites: NCH 122, NMA 
131M, NPH 141/2 or permission of instructor. For 
Junior chemistry majors. 



NCH 322 Physical Chemistry II 

Prof. Reggie Hudson 

Wave mechanics, chemical bonding, atomic and 
molecular spectroscopy, statistical thermody- 
namics and some molecular symmetry. Pre- 
requisite: NCH 321. For Junior chemistry majors. 



NCH 326 Experimental Chemistry I: 
Techniques and Instrumentation 

Practical application of modern experimental tech- 
niques and modern chemical instrumentation. 
Required of all chemistry majors, normally in the 
Junior year. Prerequisites: NCH 320 and 321. 



29 



Chemistry — Composition 



NCH 422 Advanced Organic Chemistry 

Prof. Wayne Cuida 

Infrared, ultraviolet, nuclear magnetic resonance 
and mass spectroscopy; advanced synthetic 
methods, elucidation of reaction mechanism, 
stereochemistry, molecular rearrangements and 
orbital theory. Prerequisites: NCH 222 and 321 



NCH 424 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 

Prof. Richard Neithamer 

Electronic structure and properties of the atom, 
among them covalent bond, stereochemistry, solid 
state, acid-base, thermodynamics; reaction 
mechanisms, non-aqueous solvents, boron hy- 
dride chemistry. Prerequisite: NCH 322 or permis- 
sion of instructor. For Senior chemistry majors. 



NCH 425 Biochemistry 

Prof. Wayne Guida 

Chemical processes in living cells; molecular com- 
ponents, metabolic and biosynthetic pathways in 
phosphate bond energy. Prerequisite: NCH 222 
with grade of C or better. 



NCH 426 Experimental Chemistry II: 
Advanced Techniques and Research 

Continuation of NCH 326. One year lab course on 
sophisticated techniques of experimental chemis- 
try culminating in research project. Required of all 
B.S. chemistry majors in Senior year. Prerequisites: 
NCH 322 and 326. 



NCH 428 Chemistry Seminar (2-year 
sequence) 

For Junior and Senior chemistry majors. One 
course credit on satisfactory completion of two 
years of participation. Continuation in seminar 
contingent on satisfactory progress in upper divi- 
sion courses. 



NAS 484 Toward the Year 2000 

Prof. Richard Neithamer 

The future of science and technology. Seminar 
format, topics determined by student interests. 
Open to Juniors and Seniors. 



NAS 281 E Environmental Chemistry and 
Society 

NAS/LTR 283E The Growth and Nature of 
Scientific Views 

For descriptions see Environmental Perspective 
Courses, page 39. 



COMPARATIVE LITERATURE 

Comparative literature is an interdisciplinary 
approach to literature. Students declare three 
areas: five courses in a literature (commonly Eng- 
lish and/or American), three courses in a foreign 
language (such as French, German or Spanish), of 
which at least two are literature courses, and two 
courses in a second foreign language (at any level), 
or in another discipline (such as history, religion, 
philosophy, etc.), or in an approved specialty 
(world literature in translation, myth, the Don Juan 
tradition, etc.). Students should have one course 
using comparative methodology. Linguistics and 
literary criticism are recommended. 



COMPOSITION 



FDN 121/2/3 Composition 

Personalized to help students become stronger 
writers; placement levels determined by writing 
sample. 



FDN 121 Composition 

First in sequence, designed to help master the 
expository essay. Limited enrollment. 



NCH 499 Independent Research — Thesis 

Chemistry students with superior ability may be 
invited to do independent research with a member 
of the chemistry staff during their Senior year, and 
write and defend a research thesis before a thesis 
committee. 



FDN 122 Composition 

Second in sequence; developing ways to explain 
and inform the reader about the writer's subject. 
Limited enrollment. 



FDN 123 Composition 

Third in sequence; flexibility to meet individual 
needs; improving and polishing writing. Limited 
enrollment. 



30 



Computer Science 



Native speakers of English may take two composi- 
tion courses for credit. Non-native speakers of 
English may take three composition courses for 
credit. 



COMPUTER SCIENCE 

The course requirements for the Computer Science 
major are composed of two parts — the program 
core, and the program specialization. The program 
core is a structured sequence of four Computer 
Science courses (NCS 143M Introduction to Com- 
puter Science, NCS 221 Data Structures, NCS 222 
Computer Systems, NCS 301 Theory of Comput- 
ing) and four mathematics courses (NMA 131M 
Calculus I, NMA 143 Discrete Mathematics, NMA 
133 Statistics, NMA 236 Linear Algebra). The pro- 
gram specialization, composed of four Computer 
Science electives numbered 310 or greater pur- 
sued during the Junior and Senior years, is less 
structured, allowing the student to emphasize his 
or her special interests. This is a total of 1 2 courses 
for the Bachelor of Arts from the Natural Science 
Collegium. Four additional Natural Science 
courses are required for the Bachelor of Science. 



NCS 103M Computer Algorithms and 
Programming in BASIC 

Problems from many fields suitable for computers; 
analyzing, devising algorithms for solutions. Sug- 
gested for students who intend to take only one 
computer course. Credit will not be given for both 
this course and a winter term project in Basic. 
Daily assignments, programming assignments, 
hour tests, final examination. 



NCS 143M Introduction to Computer 
Science 

History of computing: overview of the elements of 
a computer system; problem solving and algorithm 
development; Pascal programming for numeric 
and non-numeric problems. Daily assignments, 
programming assignments, hour tests, final ex- 
amination. Prerequisites: placement at the Calcu- 
lus I level or NCS 103M or NMA 101M. 



NCS 201 Fortran Programming 

Problem solving using the Fortran language. Daily 
assignments, programming assignments, hour 
tests, final examination. Prerequisites: NCS 103M 
or NCS 143M. 



NCS 202 Cobol Programming 

Problem solving using the Cobol language. Daily 
assignments, programming assignments, hour 
tests, final examination. Prerequisites: NCS 103M 
or NCS 143M. 



NCS 210 Computers and Society 

History of computing; social, ethnical and legal 
impact of computers on society; overview of the 
operation, use, and programming of a computer. 
Daily assignments, programming assignments, 
hour tests, final examination. 



NCS 221 Data Structures 

Continuation of the development of program de- 
sign and algorithm analysis. Identification and 
evaluation of classes of problems solvable through 
well defined data structures and algorithms includ- 
ing stacks, recursion, lists, linked lists, trees, 
graphs, searching and sorting. Daily assignments, 
programming assignments, hour tests, final ex- 
amination. Prerequisites: NCS 143M; Corequisite: 
NMA 143. 



NCS 222 Computer Systems 

Basic concepts of computer systems including 
architecture, operating systems, translators and 
digital logic; introduction to Assembly language. 
Daily assignments, programming assignments, 
hour tests, final examination. Prerequisite: NCS 
221 



NCS 301 Theory of Computing 

Abstract basis of computing machines and lan- 
guages; introduction to finite automata, formal lan- 
guages, Turing machines, and complexity theory. 
Daily assignments, programming assignments, 



31 



Computer Science — Creative Writing 



hour tests, final examination. Prerequisites: NCS 
221 and NMA 143. 



NCS 310 Computer Architecture 

Hardware elements of computing machines: cen- 
tral processing unit including micro-machine, reg- 
isters, data paths, arithmetic logic unit, control 
unit, microprogramming; memory including im- 
plementation, virtual memory, content address- 
able memory, cache; input/output including disks, 
tapes, serial communications and networks. Daily 
assignments, programming assignments, hour 
tests, final examination. Prerequisite: NCS 222 



NCS 320 Programming Languages 

Nature and implementation of programming lan- 
guages including qualities and characteristics of 
languages, methods of implementation, execution 
models and environments; introduction to formal 
languages; survey of programming languages. Dai- 
ly assignments, programming assignments, hour 
tests, final examination. Prerequisite: NCS 222. 

NCS 321 Programming Methodology and 
Software Engineering 

Properties of software systems; software system 
design and development principles; specifica- 
tions; models; software tools; monitoring 
methods; group programming project for a large 
software system. Daily assignments, programming 
assignments, hour tests, final examination. Pre- 
requisite: NCS 222 



NCS 360 Database System 

Conceptual modeling of data systems; organiza- 
tion of database systems; storage and retrieval of 
data in the database; database design and admin- 
istration. Daily assignments, programming assign- 
ments, hour tests, final examination. Prerequisite: 
NCS 222 



NCS 41 Operating Systems 

Organization, operation, and implementation in- 
cluding processor management, memory manage- 
ment, virtual systems, interprocess communica- 
tion, scheduling algorithms, protection and secu- 
rity, deadlocks; case studies of operating systems. 
Daily assignments, programming assignments, 
hour tests, final examination. Prerequisite: NCS 
222 



NCS 420 Translators and Compilers 

Theory and implementation of high-level language 
virtual machines including assemblers, macro ex- 
pansion, compilers and interpreters; syntactic and 
semantic models. Daily assignments, program- 
ming assignments, hour tests, final examination. 
Prerequisites: NCS 301 and NCS 330 



NCS 460 Artificial Intelligence 

Knowledge representation; predicate calculus; 
rule-based deductions; searching methods; ap- 
plications of understanding; programming lan- 
guages and databases for artificial intelligence. 
Daily assignments, programming assignments, 
hour tests, final examination. Prerequisite: NCS 
222 



NCS 499 Computer Science Independent 
Reseach - Thesis 

Seniors majoring in Computer Science may, upon 
invitation of the Computer Science faculty, do re- 
search and write a thesis under the direction of a 
member of the faculty. The submission of the re- 
sulting written thesis and an oral defense will, upon 
approval of the Computer Science faculty, satisfy 
the comprehensive examination requirement for 
graduation. Prerequisites: excellence in Computer 
Science courses through the Junior year and invita- 
tion by the faculty. 



CREATIVE WRITING 

The Writing Workshop helps develop serious 
writers — students who think of themselves pri- 
marily as writers and students for whom writing 
will be an important avocation. Students develop 
their curriculum individually in consultation with 
the Mentor. Course work varies considerably, but 
normally must include at least three workshops 
(fiction and poetry writing are required; at least one 
of the following is required: playwriting, journal 
writing, or Children's Literature Workshop); and 
six other courses in literature, at least two pre-1 9th 
century British and one American. Seniors are re- 
quired to complete a thesis or Senior manuscript. 



AWW 201 Writing Workshop: Criticism 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Writing reviews of new books in poetry and fiction, 
for different audiences: mass newspaper, middle- 
brow magazines, scholarly journals. Compare and 
analyze student reviews with reviews by profes- 
sionals. 



32 



Cross-Cultural Perspective Courses 



AWW 231 Writing Workshop: Children's 
Literature 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Reading and writing fiction and verse, exploring 
possibilities of children's literature. Students bring 
their own work to class for discussion and evalua- 
tion. Open to all, preference given to upperclass 
students. 



AWW 228 Writing Workshop: The Short 
Story 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Students' stories read aloud and discussed in class. 
Emphasis on rewriting, critical principles and de- 
velopment of works through several phases of 
composition. Students may take this course more 
than once. 



AWW 2/3/429 Writing Workshop: Poetry 

Profs. Nancy Carter, Peter Meinke 

Forms and techniques in poetry. Students submit 
their poems for discussion, review, and rewriting. 
Familiarity with current poetry is encouraged. 
Open to all, preference given upperclass students. 



AWW 261 Writing Workshop: Travel 
Writing 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Reading and writing about travel. Students will 
read classics in travel writing by authors like 
McPhee, Fussell, Hoagland, etc. and write their 
own articles to be discussed in the workshop. 



AWW 305 Journals, Diaries, and Letters: The 
Intimate Connection 

Prof. Nancy Carter 

Journals, diaries and letters as related to the crea- 
tive process. Practice and discuss various journal- 
ing techniques, writing our own journals. 



AWW 330 Writing Workshop: Advanced 
Fiction 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

At least two student works written, revised and 
discussed in seminar setting. Discussions of short 
stories by masters, articles on writing. Visits by 
local writers. Prerequisite: AWW 228 or permis- 
sion of instructor. 



AWW 334 Writing Workshop: One-Act Play 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Writing one-act plays, reading short plays, includ- 
ing traditional and experimental forms. Each stu- 
dent will write at least two plays, to be read and 
discussed in class. Production of original plays 
encouraged. 



CROSS-CULTURAL 
PERSPECTIVE COURSES 

Courses in this perspective are designed to 
provide an introduction to a culture or cultures 
different from the student's own, to increase 
knowledge of the richness and diversity of 
human social existence and, in so doing, 
provide greater insights into the strengths and 
weaknesses of the student's own cultural 
perspective. A term of study abroad may also 
satisfy this requirement. 



BPO 341 C Politics of Underdevelopment 

For description see Political Science, page 66. 

BMN/CAN 385C Cultural Environment of 
International Business 

CAN 207C Chinese Communist Society 

CAN 286C Cultures of Africa 

CAN/BMN 385C Cultural Environment of 
International Business 

CAN 483C Culture From the Inside Out 

For descriptions see Anthropology, page 23. 

CCU/FWH 183C United States Area Studies 

For description see Western Heritage, page 79. 



CCU 282C East Asian Area Studies 

Profs. Gilbert Johnston, 
Hendrick Serrie 

Examination of the more enduring features of 
China and Japan, through art, architecture, litera- 
ture, customs, religious beliefs and intellectual 
traditions. 



CCU 283C Soviet Area Studies 

Prof. William Parsons 

Understanding Russians as people, Russia's con- 
tribution to Western civilization, the impact of the 



33 



Cross -Cultural Perspective Courses 



Bolshevik Revolution on Russian society and the 
role of the Soviet Union in the world today. 



CCU 284C French Area Studies 

Prof. Henry Genz 

Modern France with emphasis on the post World 
War II period. Village and urban life, distin- 
guishing characteristics of the French people, their 
institutions, traditions, customs, values, literature, 
art and music. 



CCU 388C The Sino-Soviet Conflict 

Profs. William Parsons, 
Hendrick Serrie 

Historical roots of enmity between China and Rus- 
sia, values inherent in their culture and society; 
ideological, territorial and strategic conflicts. Role 
of Sino-Soviet conflict in American foreign policy. 
Offered every third year. 



LLI 243C Modern French Culture Through 
Literature 

For description see Literature, page 51. 



LRE 203C Old Testament Judaism 
LRE 204C New Testament Christianity 
LRE 242C Archaeology and the Bible 



LTR/CRE 220C Life and Death in Indian 
Hindu Culture 

For descriptions see Religious Studies, page 68. 



Directed Study Courses 

For descriptions, see the appropriate discipline. 
Copies of directed study syllabi are available in the 
Registrar's office. 



CHI 203C Europe in Transition: 1300-1815 

CHI 204C Foundations of Contemporary 
Europe: 1815-1845 

CHI 232C Global History 

CHI 241 C The Rise of Russia 

CHI 242C Modern Russia and the Soviet 
Union 

For descriptions see History, page 43. 



C/LRE 201 C Introduction to Religious 
Studies 

CRE/LTR 220C Life and Death in Indian 
Hindu Culture 

CRE 240C Non-Western Religions 

CRE 343C Religions of China and Japan 

For descriptions see Religious Studies, page 68. 



AAR 250 History of the Print 

AED 350 Introduction to the Education of 
Exceptional Children 

AED 3/451 Childhood Education: Creative 
Learning and Teaching 

ALI 250 Children's Literature 

ALI 350 Modern American Novel 

AMU 350 Twentieth Century Music 

ATH 250 Video Practicum 

ATH 450 Alternative Theatre 

BMN 350 Personnel Management 
BMN 353 Systems Management 



INT 389C British Seminar 

For description see London Offerings, page 54. 



LHI 281 C History of Canada since the 
French Settlement 

For descriptions see History, page 44. 



34 



Directed Study Courses — East Asian Area Studies 



CAN 250/1 Introduction of 
Anthropology I, II 

CGE 250 Geography 

CGE 350 World Regional Geography 

CGR 250/1 Intermediate German: Grammar 
Review I, II 

CGR 350 German Phonetics 

CGR/LI 351 Life and Works of Franz Kafka 

CHI 250 Japanese Cultural History 

CLI/SP 450/1 Artistry of Federico Garcia 
Lorca I, II 

CSP 250 Practicum in Spanish Teaching 

CSP/LI 450/1 Artistry of Federico Garcia 
Lorca I, II 

CSP 452 Modern Spanish Novel 

CSP 453 Spanish American Novel 

IAR 251 A History of English Architecture 

I EC 450 History of Economic Thought 

IEC 451 Introduction to Economic Ideas 

IEC 452 History of Economic Thought: The 
British Perspective 

IED 351 British Innovative Education 

l/LHI 250 History of England to 1714 

l/LHI 251 History of Modern Britain 
Since 1714 

l/LHI 252 History of London 

I LI 350 Contemporary Women Writers in 
Britain 

INT 350 The Maritime Heritage of England 

IPL 350 The 20th Century British Mind 

IPL 351 History of Science in Great Britain 

IPO 350 Politics in Great Britain 

IPS 350 Youth Experience in a Changing 
Great Britain 

ISO 350 London: A Representation of 
British Society 

L/IHI 250 History of England to 1714 

L/IHI 251 History of Modern Britain 
Since 1714 



L/IHI 252 History of London 

LHI 253 United States History 

LHI 254S Your Family in American History 

LHI 350 History of the British Empire - 
Commonwealth Since 1783 

LHI 351 Industrial Revolution in America 

LHI 352 Progressive Movement 

LHI 356 Recent American History 

LLI 250 Shakespeare: the Forms of his Art 

LLI 2/352 American Fiction: 1950 to Present 
I," 

LLI 2/353 Twentieth Century European 
Fiction I, II 

LLI 351 Twentieth Century American 
Women Artists and Writers 

LPL 150 Introduction to Philosophy 

LRE 250 Religion in America 

LRE 251 Introduction to the Old Testament 

LRE 252 Introduction to the New Testament 

LRE 253 Life and Teachings of Jesus 

LSW 1/2/350/1 Swedish I, II, III 

NAS 150 The Universe 

NAS 151 The World of Life 

NAS 251 Futures of Humanity: Worlds of 
Science Fiction 

NBI 250 Explorations in Human Nutrition 

NBI 350 Human Physiology 



East Asian Area Studies 

A concentration in East Asian Area Studies may be 
planned through a supervising committee of three 
faculty members. 



CCU 282C East Asian Area Studies 

For description see Cross-Cultural Perspective, page 33. 



CRE/LTR 220C Life and Death in Indian 
Hindu Culture 

For description see Religious Studies, page 69. 



35 



Economics 



Economics 

In addition to the collegial requirements of statistics, 
students majoring in economics are required to take 
a minimum of eight economics courses and Calculus 
I. All students will take Principles of Microecono- 
mics, Principles of Macroeconomics, Intermediate 
Microeconomics, Intermediate Macroeconomics 
and History of Economic Thought. In addition, stu- 
dents will choose three economics electives from a 
list of approved courses. Requirements for a minor in 
economics include statistics, principles of micro and 
macroeconomics, at least either intermediate micro 
or macroeconomics and two other economics elec- 
tives. 



BEC 281 S Principles of Microeconomics 

Price theory, operation of market system. Industrial 
structure and pricing under different competitive 
structures. Cost-benefit analysis applied to environ- 
mental quality decisions. Required of all students 
majoring in economics. 



BEC 282S Principles of Macroeconomics 

National income, role of federal government, 
monetary and fiscal policy, inflation, recession, 
balance of payments. Required for all students 
majoring in economics. 



BEC 381 Intermediate Microeconomic 
Theory 

Continuation of BEC 281 S. Consumer demand 
theory, pricing and output decisions of industries 
and firms using simple mathematical and geometric 
models; price and output adjustments. Prerequisite: 
BEC 281 S. Required for all students majoring in 
economics. 



BEC 384 Managerial Economics 

Prof. Peter Hammerschmidt 

Applied economic theory, mathematics and statis- 
tics in business decision making. Optimization tech- 
niques under conditions of uncertainty. Selecting 
the "best" solutions to business problems. Pre- 
requisites: BEC 281 S and BES 260M. 



BEC 386 Money, Banking and Financial 
Institutions 

Prof. Peter Hammerschmidt 

History and development of monetary system and 
financial structure. Money creation and influence on 
macroeconomic activity. Monetary policy implica- 
tions of regulatory agencies. 



BEC 388 Economic Development 

Factors which contribute to or retard economic de- 
velopment, investigating the cultural and political as 
well as economic aspects of development. Pre- 
requisites: BEC 281 S or BEC 282S. 

BEC 389 Natural Resource Economics 

Role of economic theory in analyzing and evaluat- 
ing natural resource and environmental policy 
issues. Developing models for optimum resources 
use: land, water, energy, their development, 
allocation, pricing. Prerequisite: BEC281S. 



BEC 482 Seminar in Business Cycles 

Prof. Tom Oberhofer 

Theoretical and research topics in business cycles 
and economic forecasting. Business cycle forecast- 
ing techniques and models. Prerequisites: BES 
260M and BEC 382. 



BEC 382 Intermediate Macroeconomics 

Prof. Tom Oberhofer 

Continuation of BEC 282S. Determinants of aggre- 
gate demand and supply, using dynamic and static 
models of analysis. How to use an understanding of 
economic analysis to achieve policy objectives and 
understand trade-offs. Prerequisites: BEC 282S and 
BES 260M. 



BEC 484 Public Finance 

Prof. Tom Oberhofer 

Fiscal operations of federal, state and local govern- 
ments. American tax system, government expendi- 
ture patterns, policy options for dealing with such 
problems as poverty, education and economic 
growth. Prerequisite: BEC 281 S or BEC 282S. 



BEC 383 Labor Economics 

Prof. Tom Oberhofer 

Labor markets, wage and employment determina- 
tions, human capital theory, economics of discrim- 
ination, labor market forecasting, role of unions. 
Prerequisites: BEC 281 S and BES 260M 



36 



BEC 486 History of Economic Thought 

Prof. Peter Hammerschmidt 

Economic ideas as developed and expounded by 
Western economists. The teachings of the mercan- 
tilists, physiocrates, Adam Smith, Malthus, Ricar- 
do, Mill, Marx, Marshall, German and American 
schools of thought. Prerequisite: BEC 281 S or per- 
mission of instructor. 



Education 



BEC 488 International Economics 

International trade, finance theory and policy. 
Balance of international payments, exchange-rate 
adjustments, nature of gains from trade, U.S. com- 
mercial policy. Prerequisites: BEC 281 S and 282S. 



BES 301 S The Social (Economic) 
Construction of Reality 

Prof. Peter Hammerschmidt 

How humans and community groups interact, the 
methods they create to bring shared values to frui- 
tion. The creation and operation of institutions as 
they affect social and economic environment. 



Secondary Education 

Eckerd College has approved programs for Sec- 
ondary Education in Art and Music (K-12), and 
Biology, English, French, German, History, 
Mathematics, Political Science, Psychology, So- 
cial Studies and Spanish (7-1 2). The 7-1 2 certifica- 
tion programs include completion of six courses in 
professional education and sufficient required 
courses to qualify for a major in the content area. 
For K-12 certification in Art and Music the student 
must complete the aforementioned program and 
one course in Teaching and Learning: Theory and 
Practice. Students seeking secondary certification 
must meet all requirements stated in The Student 
Teaching Handbook. 



BES 336S The Economics of Consumer 
Behavior 

Alternative ideas concerning the nature of man and 
his motivations, drawing from works of "unortho- 
dox" economic thinkers, as well as certain areas of 
psychology. 



Early Childhood Certification 

Students may wish to add Early Childhood Educa- 
tion certification to the Elementary Education 
major. This would require completion of 
Elementary Education major requirements as well 
as two courses in Early Childhood Education. 



Education 

Students must apply for admission to the Teacher 
Education Program through the Director of 
Teacher Education, who is responsible for all pro- 
grams approved by the Florida State Department of 
Education. Students considering teaching as a 
possible profession or Education as a field of study 
should contact the Director of Teacher Education 
in the Creative Arts Collegium, and request a copy 
of The Student Teaching Handbook. The hand- 
book outlines all guidelines and requirements for 
teacher certification programs. 



Elementary Education 

The Elementary Education major is designed for 
those students who wish to work within the public 
school setting. Students majoring in Elementary 
Education will complete 15 general education 
courses, with not fewer than two courses and not 
more than four courses earned in each of the fol- 
lowing areas: communication (two to four 
courses); human adjustment (four courses); bio- 
logical or physical sciences (one course); 
mathematics (one course); social sciences (two to 
four courses); humanities (two courses); and ap- 
plied arts (two courses). The major also requires 
seven professional education courses and a com- 
prehensive examination. Students are expected to 
study off campus in a culture other than their own. 
Students majoring in Elementary Education must 
meet all requirements stated in The Student 
Teaching Handbook. 



Child Development 

The Child Development concentration is designed 
for those students who wish to work with children 
outside the public school classroom. Students 
selecting this concentration are not certified by the 
State of Florida as classroom teachers. Instead the 
concentration focuses on an excellent background 
in the liberal arts, child development and psychol- 
ogy to prepare students for a variety of child cen- 
tered careers. The Child Development concentra- 
tion includes: the basic core (Development of the 
Child in Society, Education of the Young Child, 
The Creative Process, Group Dynamics, Observa- 
tional Methodologies, Teaching and Learning: 
Theory and Practice I, The Family, Statistics, Child- 
hood Education: Creative Learning and Teaching; 
an area of emphasis; an internship; a comprehen- 
sive examination, thesis or project; and a winter 
term in Child Development. The area of emphasis 
includes at least five courses that correspond to the 
student's long range professional goals, i.e., his- 
tory or political science correspond to interest in 
child advocacy or educational law; literature cor- 
responds to children's librarianship; creative writ- 
ing corresponds to children's authorship and pub- 
lishing. 



AED 202S Development of the Child in 
Society 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Explores patterns of social and personality de- 
velopment. Students build connections between 
texts, lectures and their own development. 



37 



Education 



AED 203 Education of the Young Child 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Overview of the history and philosophy of early 
childhood education. Review of methods and 
materials for teaching young children. Classroom 
observation and participation required. 



AED 204 The Creative Process 

Prof. Richard Bredenberg 

Learning-by-doing: innovative problem solving, 
awareness of one's own creative processes, explor- 
ing new dimensions, nurturing personal creativity, 
helping to foster it in others. 



AED/APS 207 Group Dynamics 

Prof. Kathryn Watson 

Laboratory approach to the study of groups, in- 
cluding participation, observation and analysis; 
investigation of roles of group members, transition- 
al stages, leadership, and group functioning. 



AED 324 Teaching and Learning: Theory 
and Practice 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Students demonstrate and apply understanding of 
learning theory to models of teaching and counsel- 
ing. For those who will teach, counsel or minister 
to other persons, within an intellectual framework. 
Prerequisites: BPS 1 01 S or AED 202S. 



AED 325 Teaching Reading and the 
Language Arts 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Examines learning styles and strategies in relation 
to the content areas of reading and the language 
arts. Students plan and implement lessons in a 
public elementary school classroom. 



AED 326 Elementary School Education 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Overview of elementary school education. Ex- 
amines learning styles and strategies in relation to 
the content areas of social studies, science and 
mathematics. Students plan and implement les- 
sons in a public school classroom. 



AED 328S The School: Locus of Culture 
and Change 

Prof. Kathryn Watson 

The sociological foundations of education are ex- 
plored using ethnographic techniques. Students 
study schools as cultures, investigate and apply 
change strategies, and complete a field study. 



AED 350 (Directed Study) Introduction to 
the Education of Exceptional Children 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Survey of the field of education of exceptional 
children; nature and needs of children with spe- 
cific physical, mental and emotional exceptional- 
ities. Students participate in school-based excep- 
tional child program. 



AED 3/451 (Directed Study) Childhood 
Education: Creative Learning and Teaching 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Approaches to educationing young children, a 
practicum in an early childhood setting. Leads to 
early childhood certification along with AED 203 
and the Elementary Education major. Prere- 
quisites: AED 202S or BPS 202 and AED 203. 



AED/PS 421 Educational Psychology 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Surveys the psychological foundations of educa- 
tion and applies these to the classroom setting. 
Includes student-led seminars and presentations, 
and in-school observations. Required for teacher 
certification. 



AED 422/3/4 Professional Elementry 
Education 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Professional semester for Elementary Education 
interns; provides for practical experience in 
teaching at both the primary and intermediate 
elementary school level. Prerequisite: permission 
of instructor. 



AED 431 Secondary Education Methods 

Prof. Richard Bredenberg 

Experience in theory and practice of instructional 
methodologies. Pre-internship in public school 
assisting in instruction, tutoring small groups, 
teaching. 



38 



Environmental Perspective Courses 



AED 435/6/7 Professional Education 

Prof. Richard Bredenberg 

Nine weeks of full time student teaching preceded 
by instruction in A-V materials, special methods of 
teaching, curriculum, school administration and 
recent innovations. Prerequisites: BPS 1 01 S and 
AED 431. 



AED 484 Issues in Education 

Prof. Richard Bredenberg 

For Seniors in the secondary teacher education 
program only. A study of current critical issues in 
American education which impact upon the class- 
room teacher, coordinated with student teaching 
experience. 



INT 351 (Directed Study) British 
Innovative Education 

For description see London Offerings, page 54. 



laboratory work, discussions, research and sup- 
plementary reading. 



LTR 303E The Scientific Revolution amd 
Human Values 

Prof. Peter Pav 

The 1 7th century Scientific Revolution as a redirec- 
tion of Western society from theocentrism to scien- 
tific secularism. Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, 
Bacon, Boyle, Descartes, Newton. 



LTR 304E Science, Technology and Human 
Values 

Prof. Peter Pav 

Historical and philosophical examination of the 
nature of science and technology, and their rela- 
tion to such contemporary issues as warfare, 
urbanization, consumerism, medical ethics, gene- 
tic research, pollution and computerization. 



ENGINEERING AND APPLIED 
SCIENCE — DUAL DEGREE 
PROGRAM 

For description see page 10. 



NAS 209E Our Environment: The Universe 

Prof. Wilbur Block 

Physical principles and applications which help 
students appreciate the interactions of humans 
with the environment and universe. Theories of the 
origin and evolution of environment and glimpses 
of the future. 



ENVIRONMENTAL 
PERSPECTIVE COURSES 

Courses in this perspective are designed to en- 
hance knowledge of the physical and biological 
world, to help the student make informed value 
judgments concerning the environmental con- 
sequences of personal and social actions. 



NAS 281 E Environmental Chemistry and 
Society 

Prof. Alan Soli 

Issues such as air and water pollution, pesticides, 
residues and nuclear energy. Social, economic 
and legal considerations. Minimal scientific back- 
ground expected. Not recommended for students 
who have taken Concepts of Chemistry. 



ALI 328E Literature and Ecology: Writings 
About the Earth Household 

For description see Literature, page 52. 



CRE 386E Religion in Tomorrow's 
Environment 

For description see Religious Studies, page 70. 



NAS 282E The Long Journey 

Prof. Irving Foster 

Evolutionary history of the universe, formation of 
elements, galaxies, stars and planets, chemical 
evolution leading to life and biological evolution 
culminating in consciousness as expressed in the 
imagination and intellect of humans. 



LTR/NAS 283E The Growth and Nature of 
Scientific Views 

Profs. Peter Pav, Reggie Hudson 

Based on Jacob Bronowski's film series The Ascent 
of Man amplified by lectures, demonstrations, 



NAS /LTR 283E The Growth and Nature of 
Scientific Views 

For description see LTR/NAS 283E above. 



39 



Environmental Perspective Courses 



NAS 382E Man and the Ocean 
Environment 

Prof. John Ferguson 

Introduction to oceanography; sea water, waves, 
tides, currents, weather, etc. Current issues in 
fisheries, mariculture, oil and mineral develop- 
ment, coastal use. Influence of the seas on the 
development of civilization. 



NAS 383E Ecology, Evolution and Natural 
Resources 

Prof. Sheila Hanes 

Human involvement with environments past, pres- 
ent and future; inter-relationships between organ- 
isms and environments and their impact on 
humans; ethical ways of dealing with these issues. 
Field trips. 



NAS 384E The Human Body as an 
Environment 

Prof. Howard Carter, John Reynolds 

Techniques for maintaining a healthy body; hu- 
man anatomy, physiology, nutrition, exercise 
ways to monitor health; reaction to alcohol, drugs, 
and stress. 



NAS 385E Marine Mammals: Their Biology 
and Interactions with Man 

Prof. John Reynolds 

Whales, dolphins, porpoises, sea otters, seals, 
walruses and manatees. Scientific, moral and 
ethical issues. Controversial points of view on such 
issues as whaling, harvesting of seal pups and 
motor boat collisions with manatees. 



NBM21E General Biology 

NBI 282E Economic Botany 

For description see Biology, page 27. 

NCH 101E Chemistry and the Environment 

For description see Chemistry, page 29. 



ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES/ 
EARTH SCIENCES 

A student may plan an Environmental Studies pro- 
gram which will fit individual needs under the 
guidance and approval of a faculty supervisory 
committee. Several particular areas of study are 
especially pertinent to Environmental Studies. 
These include: Invertebrate Zoology, Botany, 
Ecology, Advanced Topics in Ecology, Chemistry I 
and II, Statistics, Precalculus Skills, Computer 
Programming, Social Psychology and Cultural 
Anthropology. For either a B.A. or B.S. degree, 
students will ordinarily be expected to do a Senior 
thesis concerning some aspect of the local environ- 
ment. Additional supporting courses in the Natural 
and/or Behavioral Sciences will be recommended 
depending upon the specific direction a student 
wishes to take. 

Student may obtain emphasis in Earth Sciences by 
selecting courses in geology, oceanography and 
astronomy along with a broad selection of courses 
in chemistry, biology and physics and specific in- 
depth study in one of the disciplines of the Natural 
Sciences. The student's program will be under the 
guidance and approval of a faculty supervisory 
committee. 

Refer to the following course descriptions related 
to the Environmental Studies/Earth Sciences major: 

NBI 187 Plant Biology 
NBI 189 Marine Invertebrate Biology 
NBI 301 General and Aquatic Ecology 
NBI 307 Biology of Marine Vertebrates 
NBI 402 Advanced Topics in Ecology 
NAS 205 Astronomy 
NAS 207 Geology 

NAS 382E Man and the Ocean Environment 
NAS 383E Ecology, Evolution and Natural Re- 
sources 
NAS 385E Marine Mammals: Their Biology and 

Interactions with Man 
NCH 121/2 Concepts in Chemistry I, II 
NPH 141/2 Fundamental Physics I, II 
NCS 103M Computer Algorithms and 

Programming 
NMA 133 Statistics, An Introduction 
BPS 302 Social Psychology 



SEA SEMESTER 

For description see page 71 . 



FINANCE 

A finance concentration may be elected by a stu- 
dent as a skill area within the management major. 
Students electing finance as a skill area within the 
management major must meet requirements for the 



40 



French 



management program. See MANAGEMENT for 
description of those requirements and courses, 
page 55. 



FRENCH 

For a major in French, eight courses beyond 
elementary French are required, and students may 
choose from among the following offerings: In- 
termediate French 201 and 202, Introduction to 
French Literature, Advanced Conversational 
French, Advanced Composition and Grammar, 
Survey of French Literature to 1 600, The Classical 
Theatre, 1 8th Century French Literature, 1 9th Cen- 
tury French Literature, 20th Century French Litera- 
ture, and French Area Studies. Supporting work in 
other areas is advisable. Study abroad during the 
Junior year in Avignon at the Institute for American 
Universities (with which Eckerd College is affili- 
ated) is strongly recommended. 



C/LFR 101/2 Elementary French 

Profs. Henry Genz, Rejane Genz 

Intensive practice in speaking, listening compre- 
hension, reading, writing and grammar. Listening/ 
speaking practice in the laboratory. Prerequisite for 
102 is 101 or equivalent. 



CFR 105 Reading French: A Direct 
Approach 

Prof. Henry Genz 

For students with little or no French, basic reading 
in a short period of time. Vocabulary, idioms, 
grammar, translating French to English in the stu- 
dent's major field. Prerequisite: no more than one 
year of college French. Offered every third year. 



C/LFR 201/2 Intermediate French 

Prof. Henry Genz, Rejane Genz 

Grammar, lab practice, development of skills in 
speaking, oral comprehension, reading and writ- 
ing. Reading short stories, essays, novel excerpts. 
Prerequisite: 102 or two years of high school 
French. 



LFR 302 Advanced Conversational French 

Prof. Rejane Genz 

Colloquial French, student suggested topics of 
conversation. Magazine articles, correspondence, 
newspapers. Prerequisite: third year proficiency: 
second year students with the permission of 
instructor 



CFR 402 Survey of French Literature 
to 1600 

Prof. Henry Genz 

Medieval and Renaissance works: La Chanson de 
Roland, Le Roma de la Rose, poems by Villon, 
DuBellay, Ronsard, Gargantua and Pantagruel, 

essays of Montaigne. Taught in French. Pre- 
requisite: third year college level French. 



LFR 405 20th Century French Literature 

Prof. Rejane Genz 

Contemporary French poets and playwrights: Val- 
ery, Proust, Gide, Claudel, Mauriac, Colette, 
Camus. Discussions in French. Prerequisite: third 
year French or permission of instructor. 

CFR 429 18th Century French Literature 

Prof. Henry Genz 

Important literary figures of the period: Voltaire, 
Rousseau, Prevost, Condillac, Buffon, Diderot, 
Montesquieu. Taught in French. Prerequisite: one 
300 level course or equivalent. Offered alternate 
years. 



LFR 432 19th Century French Literature 

Prof. Rejane Genz 

Important novelists and poets of the period: Bal- 
zac, Stendhal, Flaubert, Zola, Baudelaire, Rim- 
baud, Mallarme. Prerequisite: three years of col- 
lege French or equivalent, or good reading knowl- 
edge of French. Offered alternate years. 



CFR 432 Classical Theater 

Prof. Henry Genz 

Plays by Corneille, Racine, Moliere. Prerequisite: 
one 300 level course or equivalent. 



LFR 301 Introduction to French Literature 

Prof. Rejane Genz 

Furthering knowledge of French through literature. 
Not a survey of literature: most plays and novels by 
contemporary writers such as Gide, Camus, lones- 
co. Prerequisite: third year proficiency in French. 



41 



Geography — German 



LLI 243C Modern French Culture Through 
Literature 

Prof. Rejane Genz 

For description see Literature, page 51 . 

CCU 283C French Area Studies 

For description see Cross-Cultural Perspective, 

page 34. 

GEOGRAPHY 



CGR 250/1 (Directed Study) Grammar 
Review/Intermediate German 

Programmed courses allow student with 
language aptitude to move at own pace. 
Grammar, speech, texts and tapes. 



CGR 201/2 Intermediate German 

Films produced in Germany provide language 
study, introduction to German culture and native 
language models. Class discussions in German. 
Prerequisites: 102 for 201; 201 for 202. 



CGE 250 (Directed Study) Geography 

Prof. Dudley DeGroot 

Concepts, theories and substantive material of 
modern geography. Relationship between material 
environment and human cultural systems. 



CGR 301/2 Introduction to German 
Literature and Life 

Contemporary German Literature and life. Read- 
ings chosen according to student ability and in- 
terest. Modern fiction and magazines. Pre- 
requisite: 202 or equivalent. 



CGR 350 (Directed Study) World Regional 
Geography 

Prof. Dudley DeGroot 

Relationship of human activities to natural en- 
vironment on world-wide basis. Soils, land forms, 
climate, vegetation, minerals and the cultural sys- 
tems of different areas of the world. 



CGR/LI 304 Novels of Herman Hesse 

Hesse's novels in chronological order, tracing the 
development of the man and his writings from 
poetic realism to impressionism. Offered in Ger- 
man and in translation. Prerequisite: none for CLI 
304 in translation; advanced standing for CGR 304 
in German. 



GEOLOGY 

For description see Biology, page 28. 

GERMAN 

A student who wishes to major in German lan- 
guage and literature must complete eight courses 
in that subject beyond elementary German. The 
student must also complete a reading list of major 
German authors or works not covered by course 
offerings. Study abroad is strongly recommended. 



CGR 101/2 Elementary German 

Prof. Kenneth Keeton 

Language through films and supplemental reading. 
Method appropriate to need, either patterning or 
grammatical analysis. Will enable students to func- 
tion in German-speaking country. Prerequisite: 
102 or equivalent for 101 . 



CGR 311 Advanced Composition and 
Conversation 

Student participation in teaching theoretical and 
practical aspects of grammar. Topical discussions 
and written assignments in the language. 



CGR 331/332 Special Topics 

Projects based upon current needs and interests of 
students and offered at the discretion of the Ger- 
man faculty. 



CGR 350 (Directed Study) German 
Phonetics 

Texts and tapes by native speakers. Phonetic 
alphabet, speech patterning, and inflection of High 
German through written and oral examples. Re- 
quired for future teachers of German. 



CGR/LI 351 (Directed Study) Life and 
Works of Franz Kafka 

Major short stories, three novels, two volumes of 
diaries of Franz Kafka may be taken in either Ger- 



42 



History 



man or English. Prerequisite: none for CLI 351 in 
English: advanced standing for CGR 351 in 
German. 



CGR 401/2 The Novel 

A study of the most representative novelists from 
Goethe to the present. Includes Thomas Mann, 
Hermann Hesse, and the writers of present day 
Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. 



CGR 403/4 Drama 

German drama from Goethe to the present. Par- 
ticular emphasis on drama of the 1 9th century and 
the present. 



CHI 204C The Foundations of 
Contemporary Europe: 1815 to the Present 

Industrial revolution, rise of mass democracy, 
modern political parties, Marxism and class con- 
flict, "new" imperialism, World War I and its con- 
sequences, Russian Revolution, depression, rise of 
dictatorships. Intellectual developments of the 
period. 



LHI 21 6S Your Family in American History 
LHI 254S (Directed Study) 

Prof. William McKee 

History of student's own family in context of Amer- 
ican history. Research in family records, interviews 
with family members, background reading in re- 
cent American social history. 



CGR 441/2 Senior Seminar 

Included are such topics as Goethe's Faust, Ger- 
man poetry, the German novelle, history of the 
German language, independent readings. 



HISTORY 

Students majoring in history will take a minimum 
of eight courses and one winter term project, nor- 
mally in the Junior year, in history. At least three 
courses must be in European history and at least 
three courses must be in U.S. history. In addition, 
Seniors will undertake a histographical project in 
their winter term. Each Senior will submit a paper 
on a subject approved by the Mentor, and there 
will be an oral exam focussing on this paper. Those 
students who have demonstrated excellence in his- 
tory may be invited to write a Senior thesis instead 
of undertaking the comprehensive exam and the 
Senior winter term project. 



LHI 201 S The Nature of History 

Critical thinking and historical understanding 
through analysis of a particular historical period or 
topic, which may change from year to year. Cur- 
rent focus is on World War II, concentrating on 
historical problems rather than general coverage of 
the war. 



CHI 203C Europe in Transition: 1200-1815 

Medieval roots of modern Europe, Renaissance, 
Reformation, economic and geographic expan- 
sion, scientific revolution, Enlightenment, French 
and Industrial Revolutions. 



LHI 223 History of the U.S. to 1877 

Prof. William McKee 

Colonial foundations of American society and cul- 
ture, the American Revolution, development of a 
democratic society, slavery, Civil War, Recon- 
struction. Various interpretations of the American 
experience. 



LHI 224 History of the U.S. since 1877 

Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

Transformation from an agrarian to an industrial 
nation. Industrial revolution, urbanization, rise to 
world power, capitalism, New Deal, world wars, 
cold war, recent developments. Social, cultural, 
political and economic emphasis. 



LHI 228S The American Military 
Experience 

American military development in peace and war 
from colonial time to the present. Military history 
as an intergral part of the social, political, and 
cultural experience. 



CHI 231 S Revolutions in the Modern 
World 

Prof. William Parsons 

Revolution as an idiographic phenomenon with 
examination of the French and Russian Revolu- 
tions; revolutionary leadership with emphasis on 
Mao Tse-Tung's role in Chinese revolution. 
Revolution as a comparative study. 



43 



History 



CHI 323C Global History 

Prof. William Parsons 

History of mankind from Eurasian civilization to 
the present. Cultural diffusion and the interaction 
of cultures. Reasons for rise of the West and in- 
teraction of Western ideas and institutions with the 
rest of the world since 1500. 



CHI 244A Cultural History of Russia 

Prof. William Parsons 

Kievan and Muscovite periods, Europeanization 
initiated by Peter the Great, Golden Age of Russian 
culture, revolutionary culture, Soviet attitudes to- 
ward culture. Permission of instructor required for 
Freshmen. 



LHI 240 History of England to 1714 
L/IHI 250 (Directed Study) 

History of England from Roman occupation to 
George I, and it significance for Americans. Nor- 
man Conquest, feudalism, growth of common law, 
Parliament, Tudor revolution, Anglican Reforma- 
tion. 1 7th century revolutions, and triumph of par- 
liamentary oligarchy. 



LHI 248A History and Appreciation of 
Modern Painting 

Prof. Keith Irwin 

European painting from Cezanne through World 
War II. Analyzing and appreciating painting, lives 
and personalities of painters, schools of art, rela- 
tionship with events of period. Permission of in- 
structor required for Freshmen. Offered alternate 
years. 



LHI 241 History of Modern Britain 
Since 1714 



L/IHI 251 (Directed Study) 

Modern Britain from George I to present. Industrial 
Revolution, empire, cabinet system of govern- 
ment, transformation from agrarian to industrial, 
welfare state, loss of imperial power. Prerequisite: 
LHI 240 or permission of instructor. 



CHI 242C The Rise of Russia 

Prof. William Parsons 

Evolution from 9th century to 1801. Byzantium, 
Mongol invasion, conflicts with Germans, Poles 
and Swedes, influence of the West. Russian and 
Soviet historians' interpretations of the past. 



CHI 243C Modern Russia and the Soviet 
Union 

Prof. William Parsons 

Imperial Russia, Russian revolution, continuity 
and change in Russia, Soviet history, Soviet Union 
as a totalitarian society and as a world power. 



CHI 250 (Directed Study) Japanese 
Cultural History 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

Culture, art, religion, jiterature, dominant values 
and political structure. Cultural patterns and values 
of present and past. East Asian Area Studies is 
recommended as prerequisite. 



L/IHI 252 (Directed Study) History of 
London 

Urban history of London as the first truly modern 
city. Visit historical sites, museums, libraries. Ex- 
posure to one of world's great cultural, financial 
and political centers. 



LHI 253 United States History (Directed 
Study) 

Prof. William McKee 

Colonial foundations, American Revolution, 19th 
century democracy, slavery, Reconstruction, In- 
dustrial Revolution, New Deal. Social, economic 
and political developments shaping contemporary 
American society. 



LHI 254S Your Family in American History 
(Directed Study) 

For description see LHI 21 6S. 



LHI 281 C History of Canada Since the 
French Settlement 

Canada's development into an independent nation 
based on two linguistic and cultural groups, French 



44 



History 



and English. Cultural forces which shaped Cana- 
dian society, and differences from the American 
experience. 



LHI 301 American Economic History 

Prof. William McKee 

Industrial Revolution, role of entrepreneur, rise of 
corporations, development of organized labor, 
Progressive Movement, New Deal, development 
of present mixed economy and prospects for future 
American capitalism. 



LHI 321 Women in Modern America: the 
Hand that Cradles the Rock 

Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

Feminist theory, growth of women's movements, 
minority women, working women, changes in 
women's health, birth control, images of women in 
literature and film. Changes in women's position in 
America. 



LHI 322 The U.S. as a World Power 

Prof. William McKee 

History of foreign policy: imperialism, interna- 
tionalism, isolationism, pacificism, collective se- 
curity, "New Left" anti-imperialism. Recent con- 
troversies over Cold War. Prerequisite: some pre- 
vious work in American history or political sci- 
ence. 



LHI 323 From the Flapper to Rosie the 
Riveter: History of Women in the U.S. 
1920-1945 

Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

History of American women and the family, im- 
ages of women in popular culture and literature, 
impact of the Great Depression and World War II 
on the family. Offered alternate years. 



C/LHI 331-332 Special Topics 

In addition to opportunities for independent study 
and research, faculty will occasionally offer spe- 
cial topics courses. 



LHI 341 A Medieval-Renaissance Art and 
Architecture 

Prof. Keith Irwin 

Art and architecture of medieval and Renaissance 
periods in western Europe and the character of the 
change in vision and artistic product. Films and 
slides. Permission of instructor required for 
Freshmen. 



LHI 345 American Social and Intellectual 
History I 

Prof. William McKee 

American culture, thought and social institutions 
to 1865: Puritanism, Enlightenment, 19th century 
democracy, slavery, racism. Prerequisite: previous 
college level work in American history. Offered 
alternate years. 



LHI 346 American Social and Intellectual 
History II 

Prof. William McKee 

American culture, thought and social institutions 
from 1865 to present: Darwinism, industrialism, 
Progressive Movement, liberal democracy in the 
20th century. Prerequisite: previous college work 
in American history. Offered alternate years. 



LHI 348 The New Deal 

Prof. William McKee 

America during the 1930's; impact of the depres- 
sion on American life, and contributions of the 
New Deal. Not open to Freshmen. Offered alter- 
nate years. 



LHI 350 (Directed Study) History of the 
British Empire-Commonwealth Since 1 783 

Causes, nature and consequences of British impe- 
rial expansion in the 19th century and reasons for 
collapse of British power in the 20th century. Pre- 
requisite: college course in modern European or 
British history. 



LHI 351 (Directed Study) The Industrial 
Revolution in America 

Prof. William McKee 

Industrial, economic and social change which pro- 
duced a transformation of American society, and 
the reaction of Americans to these changes. Pre- 
requisite: some previous work in American history. 



LHI 352 (Directed Study) The Progressive 
Movement 

Prof. William McKee 

One of the great movements for reform in Amer- 
ican history: Progressivism as political movement, 
presidential leadership, reform of society, intellec- 
tual development. Prerequisite: previous work in 
American history or political science. 



45 



Human Resources 



LHI 356 (Directed Study) Recent American 
History: The Historians' View of Our 
Times 

Prof. William McKee 

Current trends in interpreting U.S. history since 
World War II. Transformation of American society 
since 1945 and the new position of the U.S. in 
world affairs. 



CCU 283C Soviet Area Studies 

CCU 388C Sino-Soviet Conflict 

For descriptions see Cross-Cultural Perspective 

page 33. 



LAM 306S American Myths, American 
Values 



LAM 307S Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 
Reactionaries and Reformers 



8. AED/PS 207 Group Dynamics or BMN 370 
Organizational Behavior and Leadership 

9. Also required is a course in some expressive art 
area, an internship, and at least two courses in a 
track. 



Students in this major choose a track for emphasis 
such as mental health, leisure and recreation stud- 
ies, drug abuse or special population counseling, 
or youth services. Specific additional courses are 
required for each track. Individual tracks may be 
designed. 



AHR 101 Introduction to Human 
Resources 

Prof. Sarah Dean 

Overview of the helping professions; study of life 
stages with accompanying needs, crises, passages; 
community/family support systems; intervention 
approaches; relationships between personal 
values and life problems. Field trips. 



LAM 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender 
and American Culture 



LAM 309S The American Industrial State 

For description see American Studies , page 23. 



AHR 203 The Adolescent Experience 

Prof. Mark Smith 

Changes, events and circumstances of the period 
between childhood and adulthood. Social learning 
theory, going beyond and beneath stereotypes and 
impersonal perspectives. Prerequisite: BPS 1 01 S or 
AHR 101 or permission of instructor. 



HUMAN RESOURCES 

An interdisciplinary major designed to prepare stu- 
dents for graduate work and/or paraprofessional 
careers in the helping fields. It has a core course 
program of the following: 



1. AHR 101 Introduction to Human Resources 

2. BPS 101S Introduction to Psychology or BPS 
206S Personality and Adjustment 

3. BSO 101S Introduction to Sociology or AHR/ 
BSO 225 Introduction to Social Work 

4. AHR 203 The Adolescent Experience or BPS 
202 Psychology of Childhood and Adolescence 
or BPS 203 Psychology of Adulthood and Aging 

5. BES 260M Statistical Methods or BES 360 Re- 
search Design 

6. BMN 368 The Managerial Enterprise or BMN 
376 Personnel Management or BMN 474 
Organization Development and Behavior Man- 
agement 

7. AHR/PS 308 Clinical and Counseling Psycholo- 
gy or AHR/PS 309 Behavioral Disorders or BPS 
307 Psychological Tests and Measurements 



46 



AHR 204 Socialization: A Study of 
Male/Female Roles 

Prof. Sarah Dean 
Socializing processes affecting men and women; 
social roles and their origins, sexual differences, 
effects on mental health and unifying aspects of 
masculine/ feminine nature; influence of culture, 
understanding socialization processes. Recom- 
mended: AHR 101 or BPS 101S or BSO 101S. 



AHR/BSO 225 Introduction to Social Work 

Prof. Dana Cozad 
Introduction to profession, practice, history and 
value bases of social work. General systems 
framework utilized. Current professional trends in 
the local community, newspaper reading and guest 
lecturers. 



AHR/PS 302 Gestalt Theory and Practice 

AHR/PS 308 Introduction to Clinical and 
Counseling Psychology 



International Studies 



AHR/PS 309 Behavior Disorders 

For description see Psychology, page 67. 



AHR 325 Counseling Strategies 

Prof. Sarah Dean 

In-depth investigation of systems of counseling and 
growth, such as transactional analysis, client- 
centered, rational emotive reality as well as particu- 
lar counseling strategies for women. Prerequisite: 
AHR/PS 308 or permission of instructor. 



AHR 326 Counseling for Wellness 

Prof. Thomas West 

Holistic/wellness paradigm to health — involving 
social, physical, emotional, spiritual, mental and 
vocational aspects. Theory, research, alternative 
health care, counseling procedures. Prerequisites: 
AHR 101, BPS 101S, AHR/PS 308 or permission of 
instructor. Offered alternate years. 



AHR 327 Community Mental Health 

Prof. Margaret Malchon 

Theory, practice, development and evaluation of 
community mental health systems. Survey of local 
programs; overview of prevention and early in- 
tervention strategies;practice in designing programs 
for the Eckerd College community. Prerequisites: 
BPS 101Sor AHR 101, AHR/PS 308. 



AHR 386S Ethical Issues and the Helping 
Professions 

Prof. Sarah Dean 

What makes professionals ethical or unethical ? Rela- 
tionships between ethics and personal and societal 
values explored; in-depth look at helping profes- 
sions such as counseling, law, health and medicine, 
ministry; making ethical decisions. 



AHR 401 Internship in Human Resources 

Prof. Sarah Dean 

A field-based learning experience; 224 hours of off- 
campus placements, such as centers for drug abuse, 
delinquency, women's services, mental health. Pre- 
requisite: Senior standing and permission of 
instructor. 



AHR 402 Biofeedback Training: Theory and 
Application 

Prof. Margaret Malchon 

History, theory and practical applications of 
biofeedback as an intervention technique for physi- 



cal and mental health problems and in wellness 
counseling. Instrumentation, relaxation and treat- 
ment plans. Prerequisites: BPS 1 01 S and/or AHR 
101 and AHR/PS 308. 



AHR/PS 403 Practicum in Peer Counseling 

Prof. Margaret Malchon 

Developing skills in interviewing, assessing indi- 
vidual problems and strengths. Role played and 
videotaped counseling sessions, supervised 
counseling experience appropriate to student's 
level. Prerequisites: BPS 1 01 S or AHR 1 01 , AHR/PS 
308 and permission of instructor. 

AHR 405 Practicum in Croup Work 

Prof. Margaret Malchon 

Theory, process and clinical applications of group 
counseling. Use of group techniques with different 
populations and settings. Videotaped and role play- 
ed group sessions. Prerequisites: BPS 1 01 S or AHR 
101, AHR/PS 308 and APS/AED 207. 

See also Psychology courses, page 67. 

HUMANITIES 

This interdisciplinary major coordinated by the Let- 
ters Collegium is a flexible way to study enduring 
human issues, since it is designed by a student and 
Mentor around a central focus (e.g., historical 
period, geographical area, cultural/intellectual 
movement) and a methodology provided by five 
courses from one core discipline (art, foreign lan- 
guage, history, literature, music, philosophy, polit- 
ical science, religion, sociology, theatre) and five 
other complementary courses. At least five courses 
must be beyond the introductory level. Humanities 
students will be encouraged to participate together 
in selected integrative humanities courses. A guiding 
committee of three faculty from disciplines in the 
student's program will be selected by the Junior year, 
which will design and evaluate the Senior compre- 
hensive exam, or may invite the student to write a 
Senior thesis. 



INTERNATIONAL STUDIES 

An interdisciplinary major in International Studies 
may be built around economics, political science, 
history or anthropology, and may include such fields 
as philosophy, religion, literature, art. The major, 
developed with and supervised by a three member 
faculty committee, should form a consistent pattern 
of courses that focus on one foreign nation or cul- 
tural area of the world, or on a global topic involving 
nations from different parts of the world. 



47 



Italy Offerings — Leisure Services 



The major will include a minimum of ten courses, 
with at least five from one of the core disciplines. 
Five of the ten courses must be beyond the introduc- 
tory level. The student is required to complete the 
following: at least two years of college level foreign 
language; at least two courses in the same cultural 
area of the world, one of them to be an advanced 
course or independent study beyond the level of 
Area Studies; a winter term, summer term, or semes- 
ter abroad within an appropriate International 
Education program, or individualized under the 
direction of one of the members of the faculty com- 
mittee. 

Serving as a Resident Advisor in an international 
residence house or as an intern with ELS is also 
advised. 



JAPANESE 



CJA 1/2/301 Japanese (offered in the fall 
only) 



CJA 1/2/302 Japanese (offered in the spring 
only) 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

Dialogues in Japanese, Romanized Japanese, and 
English supplemented by grammar and usage drills. 
Practice in both speaking and reading. Second and 
third levels taught as directed studies. 



ITALY OFFERINGS (Florence) 

The courses below are taught by the staff of the Santa 
Reparata Graphic Art Centre, Florence, Italy. 



IIT 101/2 Italian Language is a requirement 
while studying in the Florence program. 

IAR 2/324 Etching 

Intaglio, aquatint, soft ground, sugar life, relief print- 
ing, air brush ground, dry-point, engraving. Pre- 
requisite: proficiency in drawing and design. 

IAR 2/325 Lithography 

Basic stone lithography, crayon, pencil, liquid 
tusche, air brush, stipple, stencils, transfer, proces- 
sing, correcting, printing, zinc plates, basic color. 

IAR 224 Drawing 

Line,modeling, chiaroscuro, perspective, composi- 
tion. Both drawing and watercolor not required; 
however drawing in preparation for painting ex- 
pected. 

IAR 326 Watercolor 

Pigments, brushes, papers, washes, overlay, form, 
chiaroscuro, techniques. 

INT 379C Florence Seminar 

The history and culture of Italy, visiting art and his- 
tory museums and other points of interest in Florence 
and vicinity. Required of all students in the Florence 
program. 



JUDAEO-CHRISTIAN 
PERSPECTIVE COURSE 



JCP 410 Judaeo-Christian Perspectives on 
Contemporary Issues 

Team-taught interdisciplinary capstone Senior semi- 
nar examines the values and perspectives of the 
Judaeo-Christian tradition applied to contemporary 
issues. Required for all Seniors. 



LEISURE SERVICES 

In preparing to assume leadership roles in the Leisure 
Services profession, students major in Human Re- 
sources and follow the Leisure Services track. This 
curriculum provides a foundation for students 
wishing to work with diverse age groups and to lead, 
plan, and supervise physical, social, expressive- 
creative, and cognitive leisure activities. The Hu- 
man Resources/Leisure Services program focuses on 
the use of leisure activity to maintain or restore the 
optimal health and well-being of individual groups 
in prevention, treatment or rehabilitative settings. In 
addition to the core Human Resources courses, the 
following courses are required in the Leisure Ser- 
vices track: Leisure and Lifestyle, Leisure Services 
Programming and Leadership, Special Populations, 
Leisure Education, and both a practicum and in- 
ternship in Leisure Services. A second option is to 
design an individual concentration in a specialized 
area of Leisure Services. 



ALR 269S Leisure and Lifestyle 

Prof. Claire Stiles 

Analysis of leisure theories, concepts and principles 
and the identification of psychological, sociolog- 



48 



Literature 



ical, and economic trends that influence leisure be- 
havior. Students develop personal leisure awareness 
and philosophy. 



ALR 270 Leisure Services Programming and 
Leadership 

Prof. Claire Stiles 

Programming principles and methods of leading lei- 
sure activities. Instruction combines lecture, group 
discussion, and student-led activities. Prerequisite: 
AHR 101. 



ALR 475 Leisure Service Internship 

Prof. Barry McDowell 

Internship for Senior Leisure Services majors. Mini- 
mum 224 hours on job supervised experience and 
seminars. Prerequisites: ALR 321 and permission of 
instructor. 



LINGUISTICS 

For description see Literature , page 50. 



ALR 321 Practicum in Leisure Services 

Prof. Barry McDowell 

Supervised leadership experience in an approved 
agency setting for Junior Leisure Services students. 
Weekly class discussions and problem solving. 
Minimum 10 hours per week in agency of student's 
choice. Prerequisite: AHR 101 and ALR 270. 



ALR 371 Leisure Services for Special 
Populations 

Prof. Claire Stiles 

Leisure programs for the aging, handicapped, dis- 
advantaged, hospitalized. In-depth study of particu- 
lar setting and population. Prerequisites: AHR 101, 
BPS 101 Sand ALR 270. 



ALR 372 Leisure Education 

Prof. Claire Stiles 

Overview of leisure counseling and education lei- 
sure. Philosophical issues, historical perspectives, 
significance of leisure counseling in contemporary 
society, implementation of service. Prerequisites: 
AHR 101, ALR 371 . Offered alternate years. 



ALR 473 Administration of Leisure Services 

Prof. Barry McDowell 

Overview of applied administrative processes and 
management techniques. In-depth analysis of the 
behavior of managers and supervisory approaches. 
Problem solving case studies, field trips. Pre- 
requisite: ALR or AHR course or permission of 
instructor. 



LITERATURE 

Students majoring in literature must take a minimum 
of eight literature courses, including at least one 
from English literature prior to 1800, one from En- 
glish literature after 1800, and one from American 
literature. They will work out their schedules with 
their Mentors, according to individual needs. Litera- 
ture majors must successfully pass a Senior compre- 
hensive exam, covering in survey fashion English 
and American literature plus some methodological 
application; course selections should be made with 
this in mind. Special topics constitute an essential 
core of the literature program, providing discipline 
and focus on specialized areas which prepare stu- 
dents for the depth and clarity of study required for 
graduate school or a serious career in literature. 
Specific titles vary, depending on student interest, 
contemporary issues, and faculty research. In excep- 
tional cases, students who have established their 
proficiency in literature may be invited to write a 
Senior thesis on a subject of their choice, in place of 
the comprehensive exam. 



ALI 101 Introduction to Literature: Short 
Fiction 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Short stories and novels, concentrating on critical 
thinking, clear, concise written and spoken exposi- 
tion, and values embodied in great works. Attend- 
ance is required. 

ALI 102 Introduction to Literature: The Four 
Genres 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Plays, poems, novels and short stories, concentrat- 
ing on critical thinking, clear, concise written and 
spoken exposition, and values embodied in great 
works. Attendance is required. 



49 



Literature 



A/LLI 103A Readings in Poetry, Fiction and 
Drama: An Introduction 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Concentrating on certain novels, e.g., Gide's The 
Counterfeiters , Kafka's The Castle, an anthology of 
poetry, and a book of short stories and plays, 
approaching works stylistically as well as themati- 
cally. 



LLI 105 A The Literature of Popular Culture 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Aesthetic and literary dimensions of films, comics, 
new theatre, T.V. serials and specials, paperbacks, 
magazines. Analyzing and judging contemporary 
forms of popular culture. 



ALI 226A Literary Genres: Short Novels 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

The short novel and ways in which it differs from 
shorter and longer fiction, how literature embodies 
values, and practice in the enunciation and defense 
of reasoned critical opinions. 



LLI 22 7A Contemporary Fiction, 
Contemporary Values 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Writings from around the world, exploring social 
interaction between characters (lovers, enemies, 
families), between strata of society (men/women, 
black/white, rich/poor), and between authors and 
ourselves. 



LLI 109 Introduction to Poetry 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Major forms and traditions of poetry through master- 
pieces and experiments in English and American 
literature. Techniques such as metrical analysis, 
tone, image, theme and unity. 



LLI/CAN 230 Linguistics 

Prof. Howard Carter 

The scientific study of language and its context: the 
elements of language and its uses in personal 
thought, social interaction, cultural values and in- 
stitutions. 



LLI 202 Journalism 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Basic news story, in-depth reporting, reviews, fea- 
tures, editorials, editing, layout, social and legal 
issues facing the press. 



ALI 221 American Literature I: The Puritans 
to Whitman 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Literature of 17th and 18th century America. The 
development and transfiguration of American atti- 
tudes toward nature, religion, government, slavery, 
etc., traced through literary works. 



CLI/RU 232 Russian Classics in Translation 

For description see Russian, page 71 . 

LLI 232 Literary Themes: Love Poetry 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

Survey of great love poems of all times and places. 
Sexual love put in context of other loves, such as 
love of beauty, love of God, of friends and of family. 

CLI/RU 234 Soviet Literature in Translation 

For description see Russian, page 71. 



LLI 222A American Literature II 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

Survey of American literature from the mid-1 9th 
century to the present. Dickinson, Twain, James, 
Crane, Pound, Eliot, Frost, Stevens, O'Neill, 
Hemingway, Faulkner, Lowell, O'Connor, Welty 
and a range of comtemporaries. 



LLI 235 An Introduction to Shakespeare: 
Motley, Murder, and Myrrh 

Prof Julienne Empric 

Shakespeare through sampling each dramatic genre: 
comedy, tragedy, history and romance. Learn to 
appreciate and evaluate his writings, and the charac- 
teristic distinctions among the genres. 



ALI 225A Modern American Poetry 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Major American poets from 1900 to 1950, concen- 
trating on the meaning and values expressed in the 
poems, the development of modernism, and the 
reflection of America as our society developed. 



50 



LLI/ATH 236/7 History of Drama I and II 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Two semester course; either may be taken inde- 
pendently. Part I includes Greek drama through the 
Restoration and 18th century. Part II includes pre- 
modern, modern and contemporary classics. 



Literature 



LLI 238 English Literature I: Beowulf to 
1800 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

General survey from the Old English to the Neoclas- 
sic period, highlighting the historical traditions 
which the authors create and upon which they draw. 



LLI 239A English Literature II: 1800 to the 
Present 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

General survey of British literature from 1 800 to the 
present, including Romantic, Victorian, Modern 
and Contemporary writers. The historical tradition 
and outstanding individual artists. 



with contemporary American fiction should take LLI 
352. 



LLI 2/353 (Directed Study) 20th Century 
European Fiction I, II 

For description see LLI 334. 



LLI 271 Drama as Genre 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Tragedy, comedy and tragicomedy: the importance 
of language, from poetry to slang. Writings of impor- 
tant critics through the ages. Theatre productions, 
televised plays. 



LLI 241 A Great American Novels 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Great American novels, their narrative art, their re- 
flection of American culture, their engagement of 
the readers' hearts and minds, exploring some of 
life's great questions as revealed by masterful 
writers. 



ALI 301 Southern Literature 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Southern novels, short stories and plays, identifying 
what is "Southern" among them. Works by McCul- 
lers, Warren, Faulkner, O'Connor, Percy, Price, 
Porter, Ganes. Offered alternate years. 



LLI 243C Modern French Culture Through 
Literature 

Prof. Rejane Cenz 

Twentieth century French society through transla- 
tions of plays, novels, essays and autobiographies of 
such great French writers as Camus, Sartre, de- 
Beauvoir, Colette, Saint Exupery, Mauriac. 



LLI 303 British Literature: 18th Century 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

British literature from the death of Dryden to the 
beginning of the Romantic Age. Major writers 
including Locke, Swift, Pope, Addison, Jonson, 
Fielding, Sterne. Major Enlightenment themes and 
genres. 



ALI 250 (Directed Study) Children's 
Literature 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

The best of children's literature in various genres. 
Student will do either a creative (e.g., writing chil- 
dren's story) or scholarly (e.g., essay on history of 
nursery rhymes) project. 



LLI 250 (Directed Study) Shakespeare: The 
Forms of his Art 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

For students unable to enroll in LLI 235 An Introdu- 
tion to Shakespeare, or those wishing to pursue 
further work on Shakespeare independently. 



LLI 2/352 (Directed Study) American 
Fiction: 1950 to Present, I, II 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Students who have done little reading in this area 
should take LLI 252. Those with some acquaintance 



CLI/GR 304 The Novels of Hermann Hesse 

For description see German, page 42. 



LLI 305A Women as Metaphor: 
Investigating our Literary Heritage 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Investigating European, Canadian and American 
literature with emphasis on metaphors for women, 
what it is to be human, and values choices. Concep- 
tions of women through the ages as presented in 
literature. 



LLI 308 The Dramatic Moment: the Poetry 
of John Donne and Ben Jonson 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

The poetry of Donne and Jonson, comparing their 
ideas and techniques, their relationships to them- 
selves, their beloved and the world, and examining 
perplexities held in common across the centuries. 



51 



Literature 

LLI 309 Literary Themes: Religion in 
Literature 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

Poems, stories, novels and plays which deal with 
religious experience. Selections from Old Testa- 
ment, Dante, Herbert, Milton, Dickinson, Dos- 
toevsky, Tolstoy, Eliot, Auden and O'Connor. 



LLI 31 0A Literary Themes: Literature as 
Human Experience 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

Basic human experiences (innocence and experi- 
ence, conformity and rebellion, love and hate, the 
presence of death) approached through great 
poems, stories and plays. Literature from 400 B.C. to 
the present. 



LLI 320 British Literature: Modern Poetry 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

Survey of British literature from the 1 880's to World 
War II, and an attempt to define "modernism" in 
poetry. Poets include Hopkins, Hardy, Yeats, Hous- 
man, Eliot, Auden and Thomas. 



LLI 323 British Literature: the Victorian Age 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

British poetry and prose during the reign of Victoria 
(1837-1901). Major writers including Tennyson, 
Browning, Arnold, Hopkins, Dickens, Ruskin, Har- 
dy. Victorian themes and intellectual preoccupa- 
tions. 



LLI 324 British Literature: the Romantic Age 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

Pre-Romantics of late 18th century through major 
artists of the next two generations. Burns, Blake, 
Wordsworth, Coleridge, Scott, Shelley, Keats, 
Byron. Major Romantic themes and genres. 



LLI 325A Men and Women Together: 
Examining our Literary Heritage 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Understanding the roles (or "metaphors") for men 
and women involved in societal or individual 
choices, through the study of great works of Western 
literature. 



LLI 327 Chaucer to Shakespeare 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Survey of major authors and forms of early English 
non-dramatic poetry, with emphasis on Chaucer, 
Spenser and Shakespeare. 



ALI 328E Literature and Ecology: Writings 
About the Earth Household 

Exploring through literature the myths, ideas and 
attitudes which shape ecological practice. Under- 
standing our heritage and using that knowledge to 
keep the earth household alive and healthy. 



LLI 334 20th Century European Fiction I, II 

LLI 2/353 (Directed Study) 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Novels representing various countries, dominant 
literary movements and most influential authors. 
One or more novels may be read in the original 
language. Prerequisite: one college level literature 
course. 



LLI 335 Arts of Fiction 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Theories and landmarks of Western fiction, reading 
a range of theorists and fiction writers such as Cer- 
vantes, Fielding, James, Cide and Robbe-Grillet. 



LLI 338 20th Century British and American 
Drama 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Representative dramatic forms through works by 
O'Neill, Williams, Miller, Eliot, Osborne, Pinter, 
Beckett, Arden, Stoppard, and the influences which 
helped shape modern drama. 



ALI 350 (Directed Study) Modern American 
Novel 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Ten or twelve major American novelists of the first 
half of the 20th century from Dreiser through 
Richard Wright. Ideas, themes and analysis of writ- 
ing style. 



ILI 350 (Directed Study) Contemporary 
Women Writers in Britain 

For description see London Offerings, page 54. 



52 



Literature 



CLI/GR 351 (Directed Study) Life and 
Works of Franz Kafka 

For description see German, page 42. 



LLI 351 (Directed Study) 20th Century 
American Women Artists and Writers (c. 
1900-1935) 

Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

Women artists and writers in the social and cultural 
context of their times. Students choose from among 
photography, dance, poetry, prose. Prerequisite: 
Sophomore or higher. 



LLI 352 (Directed Study) American Fiction: 
1950 to Present II 

For description see LLI 252. 



LLI 353 (Directed Study) 20th Century 
European Fiction II 

For description see LLI 334. 



LLI 372 Tragedy and Comedy 

Prof, julienne Empric 

Range of periods and genres: drama, film, televi- 
sion. Critical opinions on what distinguishes the 
tragic and the comic. 



ALI 380 The Goddess in Literature 

Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

Myths, archetypes and symbols surrounding the 
Goddess, "god-talk," and "godthinking" through 
the study of Christian mystics, Jungian psycholo- 
gists, contemporary poets, novelists and theolo- 
gians. 



ALI 382A Poetry and Values in 
Contemporary America 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Poems of post-1 950 American poets, various move- 
ments that developed and the values they represent, 
and the difficult relation between the poet and 
society. 



ALI 360 Values in Contemporary British 
Poetry 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Poems of such varied contemporary poets as Hope 
(Australian), Heaney (Irish), Hughes, Larkin (En- 
glish), Ormond (Welsh), Atwood (Canadian). 



CLI 360 Modern Japanese Literature in 
Translation 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

Sampling of novels, short stories and poetry written 
during the past century, revealing the Japanese point 
of view regarding themselves and the world. 



LLI 361 Literary Criticism 

Prof. Howard Carter 

A study of literary theory and criticism using the most 
important figures in the West from Plato to the pre- 
sent. Prerequisite: one college level literature 
course. 



LLI 367 William Blake 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Major works, critical interpretations and biographic- 
al material of William Blake, visionary who antici- 
pated some major modern concepts. Prerequisite: 
two literature courses or permission of instructor. 



ALI 403 American Fiction Since 1950 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Best of American fiction since 1950, selecting from 
such authors as Didion, Ellison, Malamud, Mailer, 
O'Connor, Kesey, Yates, Morris, Bellow. 



LLI 425 Senior Seminar: Shakespeare 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Plays and poems, language, structure, setting, char- 
acterization, themes, traditions. Limited to Senior 
literature majors, with others by permission of 
instructor. 



LLI 435 T.S. Eliot and W.B. Yeats Seminar 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

Transformation of Romanticism through the works of 
two of the greatest poets of the past hundred years. 



LI 440 The Mythic Method: Yeats, Eliot and 
Joyce 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

The narrative method of telling a story with begin- 
ning, middle and end, compared with experiments 
of three modern masters with an alternative method, 
fragments unified by reference to myth. 



53 



London Offerings 



CLI/SP 450/1 (Directed Study) The Artistry 
of Federico Garcia Lorca I, II 

For description see Spanish, page 75. 



ACR 202A Literature and Vocation 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective, page 21 . 

ACR 365 Mothering, Fathering, Friending: 
Explorations in Human Nurturance 

Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

Interdisciplinary approach: how culture manifests 
the values of nurturance through myths, symbols, 
power, presence in our lives, affirmations, and 
taboos. 



IEC 451 (Directed Study) Introduction to 
Economic Ideas: an Institutional and 
Biographical Perspective 

Prof. Peter Hammerschmidt 

The changing economic organization of Western 
civilization from feudalism to the present day 
economy, along with the ideas and lives of great 
economic thinkers. 



IEC 452 (Directed Study) History of 
Economic Thought: the British Perspective 

Prof. Peter Hammerschmidt 

English economic writers since, and including, 
Adam Smith, as compared with American economic 
thought. 



ACR 384 20th Century American Women in 
the Arts 

Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

Values and traditions affecting American women 
artists from 1935 to the present. Examine works by 
women in dance, visual arts, prose, poetry, film, 
photography, etc. Offered alternate years. 



LONDON OFFERINGS 



IAR 251 (Directed Study) A History of 
English Architecture 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

For the London semester student, an introduction to 
the history of English architecture, from Anglo- 
Saxon times to the present. No prerequisites, but 
some contact with art or art history is recommended. 



IAR 321 A Art Patronage in London 
1700-C.1850 

Hogarth, Reynolds, Stubbs and Turner studied in 
depth. Collections of George III, Sir John Soane, 
Duke of Wellington and other connoisseurs of the 
period discussed and visited. 



IEC 450 (Directed Study) History of 
Economic Thought 

Prof. Tom Oberhofer 

The evolution of economic ideas as developed and 
expounded by Western economists and the linkage 
between changing economic ideas and socio- 
political conditions. 



IED 351 (Directed Study) British Innovative 
Education 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

The British preschool play group, middle school, 
infant school, and open university as primary mod- 
els for American educational innovation. 



IHI 250 (Directed Study) History of England 
to 1714 

IHI 251 (Directed Study) History of Modern 
Britain Since 1714 

IHI 252 (Directed Study) History of London 

For description see History, page 44. 



INT 350 (Directed Study) The Maritime 
Heritage of England 

Prof. John Ferguson 

The influence of the sea on the English nation, its 
contribution to economic development and the 
values of its people, through readings and visits to 
museums and historic sites. 



INT 389C British Seminar 

Required for students in the London semester. The 
historical, institutional and contemporary issues of 
Britain, with particular attention to London. Visiting 
experts in various fields, excursions and readings 
help students develop understanding of Britain 
today. 



54 



Management 



IPL 350 (Directed Study) The 20th Century 
British Mind 

Prof. Keith Irwin 

The qualities that characterize the British mind 
through study of the novel, poetry, philosophy, reli- 
gious thought, plus one area of the student's choice, 
such as psychology, art, etc. 



IPL 351 (Directed Study) History of Science 
in Great Britain 

Prof. Peter Pav 

Modern science in Great Britain from 1600 to the 
present, concentrating on a field of scientific 
research and a particular British scientist of the stu- 
dent's choosing. Visits to historical scientific institu- 
tions. 



IPO 350 (Directed Study) Politics in Great 
Britain 

Prof. Anne Murphy 

For London semester students only, primarily for 
political science majors. British political parties, the 
House of Commons, election customs, political atti- 
tudes and ceremonies. 



IPS 350 (Directed Study) Youth Experience 
in a Changing Great Britain 

Prof. Jeffrey Howard 

The impact of recent events on British youth through 
face-to-face encounters and an examination of the 
institutions which shape their lives. Prerequisite: 
BPS 202 or a course in child development and con- 
sent of the instructor. 



ITH 365A Theatre in London 

London theatre, including backstage tours and guest 
lectures, covering drama from classical to modern. 
For students with a general interest in theatre, of 
whatever major. 



MANAGEMENT 

The Eckerd College Management/Leadership pro- 
grams are designed to prepare the student to com- 
pete effectively for entry into management/lead- 
ership careers of the student's choice through either 
undergraduate or pre-Masters of Business Adminis- 
tration programs. 



The Three Basic Eckerd College 
Management Programs 

The Eckerd College Management programs are de- 
signed to meet three categories of student needs: 
undergraduate majors in Management; minors in 
Management; and dual majors. 

The undergraduate Management Program is de- 
signed both to prepare students for entry level posi- 
tions in Management and to provide the necessary 
educational foundation for admission into MBA 
(Master of Business Administration) programs. Many 
institutions offering graduate programs in Business 
give graduate credit or waive graduate courses 
where students have developed adequate proficien- 
cies at the undergraduate level. The Eckerd College 
Management Curriculum is designed to maximize 
these benefits by providing a strong core program 
leading to a B.A. degree in Management. 

All Management majors are required to complete the 
following core requirements: 



Recommended 
Year 
1 . Freshman 



2. Freshman 

3. Freshman 



4. Sophomore 

5. Sophomore 

6. Sophomore 

7. Junior 
The following cou 
student has Junior 

8. Junior 

9. Junior 

10. Junior 

1 1 . Junior 

12. Senior 



Course Title 

Computers and MIS or 
Introduction to Computer 
Science 

Statistical Methods 
Quantitative Methods or 
Calculus I (or Managerial 
Economics normally taken in 
Junior or Senior year) 
Principles of Accounting 
Microecnonmics 
Macroeconomics 
Business Law 

rses may not be taken until the 

or Senior status 
The Managerial Enterprise 
Principles of Marketing 
Organizational Behavior / 
Leadership 
Finance 

Business Policy and Strategic 
Management Comprehensives 
in Management 



Aminorin management will consist of the following 
five courses: Introduction to Computer Science, 
Managerial Enterprise, Principles of Marketing, 
Organizational Behavior, and either Principles of 
Accounting or Finance. 

Students must also meet all general education 
requirements to graduate from Eckerd College. 



55 



Management 

BMN/NMA 120 Quantitative Methods for 
Economics and Management 

For description see Mathematics, page 59. 



BMN 271 Principles of Accounting 

Prof. Robert Lyon 

Accounting principles used in the preparation and 
analysis of financial statements, accumulation of 
business operating data and its classificiation for 
financial reporting. Balance sheets and income 
statements. 



BMN 272 Computers and Management 
Information Systems 

Decisions that must be made by managers pertaining 
to computers and information systems. Computer 
terminology, hardware and programming, selecting 
computer and data base systems, etc. 



BMN 273 Life Career and Personal Financial 
Planning 

Prof. Ted Dowd 

Integration of life's values and goals into career 
objectives in order to develop a personal financial 
plan to increase one's quality of life. Of special 
interest to non-management majors. 



BMN 274 Management of Computer 
Systems Development 

Advanced data processing management: software, 
managerial techniques, systems life cycle, psychol- 
ogy of programmers, communications theory. Pre- 
requisite: BMN 272 or permission of instructor. 



BMN 275 The Sex-Role Revolution in 
Management 

Issues related to the history, problems and prospects 
of women in management. The impact of the sex- 
role revolution on women and men in corporations 
(the course is not for women only). 



BMN 276 An Introduction to Public 
Administration 

Basic concepts and processes, organization theory, 
budgeting, personnel administration, policy analy- 
sis, systems theory. Prerequisites: introductory 
behavioral science course and Sophomore or higher 
standing. 



BMN 278 Business Law 

Principles, rationale and application of business law 
and regulations. Contracts, Uniform Commercial 
Code, creditors' rights, labor, torts and property, 
judicial and administrative processes. 



BMN 321 S Consumer Behavior and 
Consumerism 

Prof. Joseph Bearson 

Contributions of the behavioral disciplines (psychol- 
ogy, sociology, anthropology) to understanding the 
consumer decision-making process. The impact and 
value issues of the consumer movement. 



BMN 350 (Directed Study) Personnel 
Management 

Prof. Bart Tebbs 

For off-campus and summer term students only; not 
offered for on-campus students. See BMN 376 for 
description. 



BMN 353 (Directed Study) System 
Management 

Prof. Robert Lyon 

Internal control, patterns of flow in business, use of 
computers in accounting informations systems. Pre- 
requisite: BMN 271. 



BMN 361 Business History 

Prof. George Odiorne 

The growth of managerial enterprise from Colonial 
to modern times, its origins and development and 
the individuals important in its evolution. Pre- 
requisites: BMN 368 and one semester of American 
history. For Juniors and Seniors only. 



BMN/SO 362 Business and Society 

Prof. William Winston 

How organizations interface with society, integrat- 
ing ideas from fields such as sociology, politics, 
ethics, religion, management, and how these ideas 
apply to an organization's social conduct. 



56 



Management 



BMN 367S Management Ethics: Theory and 
Practice 

Prof. Bart Tebbs 

Ethical theories as they relate to personal and organi- 
zational decisions, policies and actions. Analyzing 
situations which require moral decisions in the or- 
ganizational context. Sophomore or higher 
standing. 



BMN 368 The Managerial Enterprise 

Concepts, theories and management styles of con- 
temporary managers. Communication, motivation, 
planning, directing, controlling, organizing. Pre- 
requisite: Junior or Senior standing. 



BMN 375 Marketing Channels and Logistics 

Prof. Joseph Bearson 

Comparative marketing methods. Distributing 
products to consumers with optimal efficiency and 
economy. Prerequisite: BMN 369 



BMN 376 Personnel Management 

BMN 350 (Directed Study) 

Prof. Baft Tebbs 

Managing human resources in an organization. Be- 
havioral concepts, specialization, staffing, 
compensation, collective bargaining. Of value to 
management, human resources and education ma- 
jors. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing. 



BMN 369 Principles of Marketing 

Prof. Joseph Bearson 

Principles, problems and methods in distributing 
and marketing goods and services. Prerequisites: 
BEC 281 and one introductory behavioral science 
course, plus Junior or Senior standing. 



BMN 370 Organizational Behavior and 
Leadership 

Prof. Bart Tebbs 

Major factors affecting behavior in organizations. 
Motivation, group and team dynamics, macroor- 
ganizational factors, leadership. Prerequisite: Junior 
or Senior standing. 



BMN 371 intermediate Accounting. 

Prof. Robert Lyon 

The use of accounting data in directing and control- 
ling a company's operation. Product cost and line 
profitability, budgeting, profit planning, cost and 
financial statement analysis. 



BMN 373 Marketing Communications 

Prof. Joseph Bearson 

Processes and functions of promotion, strategies in- 
corporating creative use of advertising, publicity, 
merchandising, direct selling, and sales promotion. 



BMN 377 Finance: the Institutional 
Perspective 

Prof. Ted Dowd 

A survey of financial markets and institutions in both 
the public and private sectors and their impact on 
society. Prerequisites: BMN 271 and 368, BEC 281 
and 282, and Junior or Senior standing. 



BMN 378 Finance: the Investment 
Perspective 

Prof. Ted Dowd 

Exploration of financial operations in the investment 
world with emphasis on the private sector. Pre- 
requisites: BMN 271 and 368, BEC 281 and 282, 
and Junior or Senior standing. 



BMN 379 Retail Organization and 
Management 

Prof. Joseph Bearson 

Retail merchandising, promotions, physical facili- 
ties, personnel, planning, pricing, legalities, re- 
search techniques, store images, market targets. Pre- 
requisite: BMN 369 or permission of instructor. 



BMN/CAN 385C The Cultural Environment 
of International Business 

For description see Anthropology, page 24. 



BMN 374 Market Intelligence 

Prof. Joseph Bearson 

Collection and measurement of data on market iden- 
tification, sales forecasting and marketing strategy 
development. Market research, cost/revenue break- 
downs, competitive analysis, others. 



BMN 410 Senior Seminar in Management 

The management comprehensive winter term 
project in Business Policy and Strategic Manage- 
ment will fulfill the Senior Seminar requirement in 
Management. 



57 



Management 



BMN 471 Advanced Accounting 

Prof. Robert Lyon 

Interpretation and application of recent pronounce- 
ments of the Financial Accounting Standards Board. 
Balance sheets, income, changes in financial posi- 
tion, financial disclosure statements. Prerequisites: 
BMN 271 and 371 



BMN 472 Fairness in Selecting and 
Evaluating Employees 

Prof. Bart Tebbs 

Ethical, legal and organizational considerations, 
Wanous Model, discrimination, test and evaluation 
fairness. Prerequisites: BES 260/M or NMA 133 and 
one behavioral science introductory course. 



BMN 474 Organizational Development and 
Behavior Management: an Introduction and 
Comparison 

Prof. Bart Tebbs 

Behavioral science principles and practices applied 
to organizational effectiveness and behavior mod- 
ification. For management, psychology, human re- 
sources and education majors. Prerequisites: Senior 
standing and permission of instructor. 



BMN 475 Investment Analysis 

Prof. Ted Dowd 

Advanced investment course focusing on in-depth 
analysis of specific investment alternatives using the 
computer and other sophisticated techniques. Pre- 
requisites: BMN 272, 369, 378 and instructor's per- 
mission. 



BMN 477 Entrepreneurship 



Prof. Ted Dowd 



Study of talents, qualities, values and expertise 
necessary to conduct profit and non-profit ventures 
contributing to society. Entrepreneurial project. Pre- 
requisites: BMN 278, 369, 377 or 378, and instruc- 
tor's permission. 



BMN 479 Corporate Finance 

Prof. Ted Dowd 

An advanced finance course dealing with founda- 
tions of financial management used in organization 
decision making. Prerequisites: BMN 272, 377 or 
378, and instructor's permission. 



BMN 480 Proctoring in Management 

Prof. George Odiorne 

For Senior management majors, leadership experi- 
ence as group trainers using study groups from the 
Managerial Enterprise course. Preference given to 
students who have completed comps; others by per- 
mission of instructor. 

For other management courses see Economics, 
Psychology, Sociology. 



Marketing 

A marketing concentration may be elected by a stu- 
dent as a skill area within the management major. 
Students electing marketing as a skill area within the 
management major must meet requirements for the 
management program. See Management for de- 
scriptions of those requirements and courses. 



Mathematics 

The basic requirement for either the B.A. or B.S. 
degree is the completion of eight mathematics 
courses numbered above 233. Independent study 
courses in special topics in mathematics also may be 
used in satisfying this requirement. This wide flex- 
ibility permits a program of study to be tailored to the 
individual student's interests. All mathematics 
courses taken are applicable to the collegial require- 
ment of 12 natural science courses for the B.A. 
degree, and 16 natural science courses for the B.S. 
degree. 



NMA 101M College Algebra 

Polynomial algebraic and rational functions and 
their properties. Analytical geometry/sketching 
graphs, zeros of functions, mathematical induction, 
equations and inequalities. 

NMA 103M Trigonometry 

Functions and their graphs: inverses, exponential 
and logarithmic functions, proving identities, solv- 
ing equations and developing complex numbers. 
Prerequisite: NMA 1 01 M or two years of high school 
algebra. 



NMA 104M Mathematics for Liberal Arts 

Applications of mathematics to real problems: 
graphing, equations and inequalities, probability, 
statistics, consumer mathematics, use of computer. 
Students will use calculators. 



58 



Mathematics 



NMA 105M Precalculus Mathematics 

A combination of college algebra and trigonometry 
to the depth necessary for the study of calculus. Use 
of calculators is expected. 



NMA/BMN 120 Quantitative Methods for 
Economics and Management 

A variety of mathematical tools are studied which 
are useful in helping managers and economists make 
decisions. Prerequisite: NMA 1 01 M or placement at 
the NMA 131M level. 



NMA 234 Differential Equations 

Existence and uniqueness theorem, linear differen- 
tial equations of second or higher orders, Frobenius 
and Laplace methods, numerical methods for solv- 
ing differential equations. Prerequisite: NMA 132. 



NMA 236 Linear Algebra 

Vector spaces, linear transformations, matrices, 
eigenvalues, eigenvectors, and system of linear 
equations. Prerequisites: NMA 131M and permis- 
sion of instructor, or NMA 132. 



NMA 131 M Calculus I 

First in two course sequence. Applications to physi- 
cal sciences and economics. Prerequisite: 101M, 
105M or two years of high school algebra. 



NMA 237 Combinatorial Mathematics 

Topics fundamental to applied mathematics that 
deal with finite or discrete sets. Prerequisites: NMA 
131M and permission of instructor, or NMA 132. 



NMA 132 Calculus II 

Continuation of Calculus I. Exponential, logarithmic 
and trigonometric functions, formal techniques and 
applications, Taylor polynomials and infinite series. 
Prerequisites: NMA 103M or 105M and 131M. 



NMA 133 Statistics, an Introduction 

Probability and statistics, and their uses in the natu- 
ral sciences. Prerequisite: NMA 131M. Credit will 
be given for only one of NMA 133 or BES 260M. 



NMA 143 Discrete Mathematics 

Algorithms, induction, graphs, digraphs, permuta- 
tions, combinations; introduction to probability, 
logic, Boolean algebra, difference equations. 
Emphasis on discrete rather than continuous 
aspects. Prerequisite: NMA 131M. 



NMA 233 Calculus III 

Three-dimensional analytic geometry, partial and 
directional derivatives, extrema of functions of 
several variables, multiple integrations. Pre- 
requisite: NMA 132. 



NMA 238 Optimization Techniques 

Maximization and minimization with and without 
constraints; introduction to linear and non-linear 
programming. Prerequisite: NMA 233. 



NMA 333 Probability and Statistics I 

Probability theory, random variables and sampling, 
distribution functions, point and interval estimation, 
regression theory, nonparametric tests and mathe- 
matical development of topics. Prerequisite: NMA 
132 or permission of instructor. Offered alternate 
years. 



NMA 334 Probability and Statistics II 

Continuation of NMA 333, which is prerequisite. 
Offered alternate years. 



NMA 335 Abstract Algebra I 

Two-course sequence. Naive set theory, integers, 
groups, rings, integral domains, vector spaces, 
development of fields. Prerequisite: NMA 132 or 
236. Offered alternate years. 



NMA 336 Abstract Algebra II 

Continuation of NMA 335, which is prerequisite. 
Offered alternate years. 



NMA 337 Foundations of Geometry 

Euclidian and non-Euclidian geometry with axio- 
matic approach. Appropriate for prospective 
teachers. Prerequisite: NMA 132 or permission of 
instructor. 

59 



Mathematics 



NMA 341 Numerical Analysis 

Students are assumed to know a programming lan- 
guage such as PASCAL or BASIC, or be able to use 
programmable pocket calculator with permanent 
memory. Prerequisite: NMA 233 or permission of 
instructor. 



NMA 433 Real Analysis I 

First in two-course sequence. The real numbers as a 
complete ordered field. Prerequisite: NMA 233. 
Offered alternate years. 

NMA 434 Real Analysis II 

Continuation of NMA 433, which is prerequisite. 
Offered alternate years. 



NAS 438 Mathematical Sciences Seminar 

Required of all Juniors who are majoring in physics 
and mathematics. Application of the mathematical 
sciences (mathematics, physics, computer science) 
with nature and folklore included. 



NMA 499 Independent Research — Thesis 

Senior mathematics majors may, upon invitation of 
the mathematics faculty, do research and write a 
thesis under the direction of a member of that 
faculty. 

See also Computer Science, page 31 . 

Medical Technology 

The Medical Technology program offers students a 
B.S. or B.A. degree by completing three years of 
general studies here and a fourth year of professional 
course work at a hospital which has been approved 
by the Council on Medical Education of The Amer- 
ican Medical Association. 

The general studies program at Eckerd must include 
a minimum of eleven courses in the Natural Sciences 
which are required for certification: four courses in 
biology (including microbiology and immunology); 
four courses in chemistry (including organic), one 
course in mathematics (normally calculus), and two 
courses in physics. Completion of the all-college 
general education requirements is expected of all 
graduates. Senior general education courses should 
be taken in advance. 

The professional course work taken during the 
Senior year requires that the student spend 12 



months in training at a certified hospital to which 
he/she has gained admission. The student receives 
Eckerd credit for the laboratory courses taken in that 
clinical setting. The baccalaureate is awarded on 
successful completion of this course work with a 
major in interdisciplinary science. In addition, the 
student receives certification by the American Socie- 
ty of Clinical Pathologists (ASCP) after passing an 
official examination. Supervision of clinical course 
work during the Senior year is carried out by a Pro- 
gram Director (an M.D. certified in clinical patholo- 
gy by the American Board of Pathology) and an 
Educational Coordinator (a medical technologist 
certified by the Registry of Medical Technologists). 
At Bayfront Medical Center, where we have sent 
most of our students, these two people are R.A. 
Essman, M.D., and Lu Bravos, M.T. (ASCP). 



Military Science 



RMS 100 Introduction to Military Science 

Prof. Howard Fields 

Mission, organization and contemporary issues of 
the U.S. Army. Leadership techniques, international 
relations. Possible career opportunities. 



RMS/LHI 228S The American Military 
Experience 

For description see History, page 43. 

Modern Languages 

A major in modern languages consists of a minimum 
of eight courses above the elementary level in a 
primary language, with a Senior thesis or compre- 
hensive exam in that language, plus four courses in a 
secondary language above the elementary level, as 
determined by the individual disciplines. The over- 
all comprehensive exam will include the secondary 
language. The examining committee will consist of 
professors of both languages, and the proficiencies 
examined on the courses taken will be: understand- 
ing, speaking, reading and writing. It is strongly 
recommended that students include as electives 
courses that are related to the languages pursued. A 
minimum of one month of residence abroad in the 
environment of the primary foreign language is 
advised. 



60 



Music 



Music 

The major in music consists of Comprehensive Musi- 
cianship courses I, II, III, IV, V and VI, plus two 
additional music courses. In addition, a student must 
be enrolled for one hour per week in applied music 
instruction and participation in one of the ensemble 
programs operating through the music discipline 
during each term of residency. 



AMU 145 Comprehensive Musicianship I: 
for Majors 

Prof. William Waters 

Fundamentals of tonal harmony, practice in four- 
part chordal writing, sightreading, ear training and 
analysis of simple homophonic styles. Two one- 
hour labs in aural skills required each week. 



AMU 221 Introduction to Music Literature 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

The best and most significant music of the West 
approached stylistically and historically, with spe- 
cial focus on Stravinsky's Petrushka. Not intended 
for music majors. 



AMU 224 Jazz, its Music and Style 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

Roots and developments of jazz, with emphasis on 
such innovators and synthesizers as Louis Arm- 
strong, Thelonius Monk and Sonny Rollins. 



AMU 226A American Music and Values 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

Impact of the American pioneer experience on folk, 
popular and art music. Slave songs to electronic 
works. Freshmen discouraged from enrolling. 



AMU 242 Comprehensive Musicianship II, 
Medieval and Renaissance Music 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

History, theory, performance practices and cultural 
context of Western music from the start of the Christ- 
ian era to 1600. Prerequisite: AMU 145 or equiva- 
lent. 



AMU 246 Instrumental Ensemble 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

Participation in small ensembles for strings, brass or 
woodwinds. Repertoire from Renaissance to pres- 
ent. Four hours per week for two semesters earns one 
course credit. Permission of instructor required. 



AMU 266/7 Music Projects I 

Opportunities for study in special topics in perform- 
ance, research, and areas of study not provided for in 
regular semester courses, by permission of in- 
structor. 



AMU 341 Comprehensive Musicianship III: 
the Baroque Period 

Prof. William Waters 

The literature and associated stylistic analysis of 
music from Monteverdi through Bach (c. 1600- 
1750). Prerequisite: AMU 145 or permission of 
instructor. 



AMU 342 Comprehensive Musicianship IV: 
Music of the Classic Period 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

Development of 1 8th century classical style through 
the music of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven. Pre- 
requisites: AMU 1 45, 242, and 341 or permission of 
instructor. 



AMU 350 (Directed Study) 20th Century 
Music 

Prof. William Waters 

Important works by major composers of this century, 
listening to recordings of their works, along with the 
history of the period. Open to all students; ability to 
read standard musical scoring at minimal level 
helpful. 



AMU 361 Advanced Tonal Harmony 

Prof. William Waters 

A continuation of AMU 1 45, from modulatory tech- 
niques through the chromaticism of the late 19th 
century. Two one-hour labs in aural skills required 
each week. Permission of instructor required. 



AMU 245 Choral Literature and Ensemble 

Prof. William Waters 

Study and performance of masterworks of choral 
music. Concerts given both on and off campus. 
Chamber chorus chosen from membership of the 
larger group. Two semesters required for one course 
credit. Admission by audition with instructor. 



AMU 366/7 Music Projects II 

For advanced music students who wish to pursue 
work on specialized topics in depth, including com- 
position. Permission of instructor required. 



61 



Philosophy 



AMU 442 Applied Music 

Studio instruction in voice, piano, organ, string, 
brass and woodwind instruments. One private les- 
son, one hour class meeting, and a minimum of six 
hours per week individual practice required for two 
semesters, for one course credit. Permission of 
instructor required. 



AMU 443 Comprehensive Musicianship V: 
The Romantic Period — the 19th Century 

Prof. William Waters 
A study of the music of the 19th century from late 
Beethoven through Schubert, Brahms, Chopin and 
Wagner, among others. Prerequisite: AMU 145 or 
permission of instructor. 



AMU 444 Comprehensive Musicianship VI: 
Contemporary Period 

Prof. William Waters 
Beginning with Debussy, contemporary music 
through the various mainstream composers. Post 
World War II events, such as aleatoric, electronic 
and computerized composition are included. Pre- 
requisite: AMU 145 or permission of instructor. 



ACR 225A Multi-Media Studies in Aesthetics 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective, page 22. 



Philosophy 



Students majoring in philosophy will develop with a 
Mentor a program with a minimum of eight philoso- 
phy courses, choosing at least two from Introduction 
to Logic, Introduction to Philosophy, and Ethics; at 
least three from the History of Philosophy four- 
course series; the remainder should be upper level 
courses representing the student's particular in- 
terests, integrative in relation to courses taken in 
other fields, and should help provide perspective for 
the whole liberal arts program. 



LPL 101 Introduction to Philosophy 

LPL 150 (Directed Study) 

Prof. Keith Irwin 
Thoughts of such philosophers as Berkeley, James, 
Plato, Lucretius and Sartre. Personal philosophical 
thinking developed by recognizing and appreciating 
the philosophical thinking of others. 



LPL 102M Introduction to Logic 

Prof. Peter Pav 

Methods of critical and logical analysis of language 
and thought. Helps develop critical, analytical 
reasoning and linguistic precision. 



LPL 201 Science in the Ancient World 

Prof. Peter Pav 

Mesopotamian, Egyptian and Greek science, 3000 
B.C. to A. D. 200. Relationship of science to philoso- 
phy. Helps scientists and non-scientists understand 
the roots, nature and structure of science. 



LPL 230 Philosophy of Religion 

Prof. Keith Irwin 
The conceptual, aspects of religion: natural and su- 
pernatural, religious experience, sources of religious 
knowledge, faith and reason in the past and future. 
Offered alternate years. 



LPL 241 S Ethics 

Various systems for judging good and bad, right and 
wrong. Definitions of the good life, ethical theories 
and their application to issues such as abortion, civil 
rights, war and peace, censorship, etc. 



LPL 244 Social and Political Philosophy 

Major theories of civil order which have been in- 
fluential in the West. Contemporary political theory 
examined in light of classical tradition and historical 
movements. Offered alternate years. 



LPL 301 Alchemy 

Prof. Peter Pav 
Historical study of alchemy, its theory, goals and 
methods, comparing the spiritual and mystical 
aspects of alchemy with the structure, nature and 
philosophy of modern science. 



LPL 321 History of Philosophy: Greek and 
Roman 

The rise of philosophy, 600 B.C.-A.D. 100, with 
emphasis on natural philosophy. Pre-Socratics, 
Sophists, Stoics, Epicureans, Plato and Aristotle. 
Offered alternate years. 



62 



LPL 322 History of Philosophy: Medieval 
and Renaissance 

Philosophy of high middle ages: the medieval mind, 



Physical Education 



Augustine, Anselm, Aquinas, Scotus, Ockham, and 
Renaissance philosophies. Relation between faith 
and reason. Not open to Freshmen. Offered alter- 
nate years. 



LPL 323 History of Philosophy: 17th-18th 
Century 

Descartes through Kant as response to the Scientific 
Revolution. Comparison of rationalism and empiric- 
ism. Offered alternate years. 



LPL 324 History of Philosophy: 19th 
Century 

Kant, German Idealism, Utilitarianism, social and 
scientific philosophy, existentialism. Hegel, 
Schopenhauer, Marx, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, 
others. Offered alternate years. 



LPL 325 History of Science 



Prof. Peter Pav 



Physical science from 600 B.C.-A.D. 1700. Major 
discoveries and scientists, different approaches to 
science, the interrelationship between science and 
society. 



IPL 350 (Directed Study) The 20th Century 
British Mind 

IPL 351 (Directed Study) History of Science 
in Great Britain 

For description see London Offerings, page 54. 



LPL 360 Philosophy of Science 

Prof. Peter Pav 

Recent controversies on the scientific explanation 
between formal logical analysis and the informal, 
heuristic approach. Analysis of laws and theories. 
Examples from the history of science. Offered alter- 
nate years. 



LTR/NAS 283E The Growth and Nature of 
Scientific Views 

LTR 303E The Scientific Revolution and 
Human Values 

LTR 304E Science, Technology and Human 
Values 

For description see Environmental Perspective, 

page 39. 



LPL 342 20th Century Philosophical 
Movements 

Prof. Keith Irwin 

Development of philosophical analysis and exis- 
tentialism as the two main philosophical movements 
of the 20th century. Freshmen require permission of 
instructor. Offered alternate years. 



LPL 344 Varieties of Marxism 

Selections from Marx, Engels, Lenin, Trotsky, Stalin; 
Chinese, Latin American and European interpreta- 
tions of Marx. Some background in philosophy, eco- 
nomics or political theory required. Offered alter- 
nate years. 



LPL 345 Symbolic Logic 



Prof. Peter Pav 



Logic as an object of study, not an inferential tool. 
Derivability, completeness, analyticity, categoricity 
and consistency. Prerequisite: LPL 102M or permis- 
sion of instructor. Offered alternate years. 



Philosophy/Religion Major 

A major in Philosophy/Religion will include eleven 
courses, five in Philosophy, five in Religious Studies, 
and CRE/PL 230 Philosophy of Religion. The pro- 
gram will ordinarily culminate in a Senior thesis. 
Required courses in Philosophy are: two from LPL 
101, 102M, LPL 241; two from LPL 321, 322,324; 
one upper-level course. Required courses in Reli- 
gious Studies are: C/LRE 201 S; one from LRE 203C, 
204C; three upper-level courses. Additional upper- 
level courses in each discipline are recommended, 
and any change in these requirements must have the 
approval of faculty of both disciplines. 



Physical Education 

BPE 121 Principles of Physical Education 

Prof. James Harley 

Investigating physical education as a career. Mini- 
mum 20 hours in local schools in pre-internship 
program. Personal interview required. Open to 
upperclass students. 



63 



Physics 



BPE 123 Fitness and Skills 

Prof. James Harley 

Introduction to many skills, with emphasis on pro- 
moting a lifetime of physical activity through at least 
one skill. Vigorous exercise program for the entire 
year. Medical clearance required. Open to upper- 
class students. 



BPE 321 Athletic Coaching 

Prof. John Mayotte 

Social-psychological problems of coaching today, 
the role of sports, developing a philosophy of 
coaching. Sports programs from youth leagues to 
collegiate athletics. Teaching styles, training, sports 
psychology. 



The following activities are available, but do 
not carry course credit: 

Red Cross Advanced First Aid and 
Emergency Care 

Red Cross Beginning Swimming 

Red Cross Intermediate and Swimmer 
Courses 

Red Cross Advanced Lifesaving 

Red Cross Water Safety Instructor 

Beginning Tennis 

Advanced Tennis 



NPH 242 Fundamental Physics II 

Prof. Harry Ellis 
Second of elementary physics sequence. Pre- 
requisite: NPH 241 or permission of instructor. 

NPH 243 Fundamental Physics III 

Prof. Harry Ellis 
Continuation of elementary physics sequence. Pre- 
requisite: NPH 242 or permission of instructor. 



NPH 341 Classical Mechanics 

Prof. Wilbur Block 
Particles and rigid bodies, elastic media, waves, 
Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of dy- 
namics. Prerequisites: NPH 242 and NMA 234 or 
permission of instructor. 



NPH 342 Electricity and Magnetism 

Prof. Harry Ellis 
Maxwell's equations in the study of electric and 
magnetic fields, AC and DC circuits. Electromag- 
netic wave theory introduced. Prerequisites: NPH 
242 and NMA 234 or permission of instructor. 



NPH 443 Quantum Physics I 

Prof. Harry Ellis 
Modern quantum theory and relativity. Comparison 
of classical and quantum results. Prerequisite: per- 
mission of instructor. 



PHYSICS 

For the B.A. degree, students majoring in physics 
normally take the following courses: Fundamental 
Physics I, II, III, Electronics, Classical Mechanics, 
Electricity and Magnetism, Quantum Physics I, Cal- 
culus I, II, III. For the B.S. degree, additional courses 
normally included are Quantum Physics II and 
selected advanced mathematics courses, along with 
Senior Thesis, and Concepts in Chemistry I, II. Stu- 
dents may arrange independent or directed study 
courses in advanced subjects to suit their needs. 



NPH 444 Quantum Physics II 

Prof. Harry Ellis 
Three-dimensional wave equation and application 
to hydrogen atoms. Identical particles introduced 
with emphasis on low-energy scattering. Pre- 
requisite: NPH 433 or permission of instructor. 



NPH 241 Fundamental Physics I 

Prof. Wilbur Block 

Three course sequence, Fundamental Physics I, II, 
III, presents a contemporary view of concepts in 
elementary form. Prerequisite: NMA 131M or per- 
mission of instructor. 



64 



Political Science 



NPH 499 Independent Research — Thesis 

Outstanding students majoring in physics normally, 
are invited to engage in active research and to pre- 
pare a thesis in lieu of a Senior comprehensive exam. 



NAS 438 Mathematical Sciences Seminar 

Required of all Juniors majoring in physics or 
mathematics. For description see Mathematics, 
page 60. 

NAS 150 (Directed Study) The Universe 

Prof. Irving Foster 

A non-mathematical study of creation and evolu- 
tion, starting with the Big Bang theory and concen- 
trating on the physical universe. 



NAS 151 (Directed Study) The World of Life 

Prof. Irving Foster 

The creation of life, the evolutionary history of the 
biosphere, and the study of life in communities pro- 
vide an overview of life on earth, past and present. 



NAS 204 Electronics 

Prof. Wilbur Block 

Electronic circuit theory utilizing modern electronic 
techniques and instrumentation. Prerequisite: NPH 
242 or permission of instructor. 



NAS 205 Descriptive Astronomy 

Prof. Wilbur Block 

Origin and evolution of the solar system, and our 
relationship to the universe. Telescopic observation 
sessions of moon, planets and stars. 



NAS 251 (Directed Study) The Futures of 
Humanity: Worlds of Science Fiction 

Prof. Irving Foster 

Student will gain an awareness of the many possible 
futures which can grow from the potentialities 
already present, through a study of science fiction. 



NAS 282E The Long Journey 

For description see Environmental Perspective, 

page 39. 



POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Students majoring in political science will affiliate 
with either the Letters or Behavioral Science Col- 
legium. Both require the completion of Introduction 
to American National Government and Politics, In- 
troduction to Comparative and International Poli- 
tics, and six additional political science courses of 
the student's own choosing, including at least one 
from each member of the political science faculty 
other than 100 level courses. Students are encour- 
aged to select appropriate courses supporting their 
studies from related disciplines. Students majoring 
through the Behavioral Science Collegium are also 
required to complete Statistical Methods. 



BPO 101 Introduction to Political Behavior 

Prof. Anne Murphy 

Voting behavior, parties, opinion and analysis, dis- 
tinguishing factual from values statements. Not a 
required course for majors, but an introduction to 
the behavioral sciences in general. 



LPO 102S Introduction to American 
National Government and Politics 

Prof. Felix Rackow 

The Constitution, federalism, political parties, pres- 
sure groups, presidential primaries, conventions, 
electoral problems, and the growth, functions and 
powers of the presidency. 



BPO 103S Introduction to Comparative and 
International Politics 

Prof. Claud Sutcliffe 

How societies and the world work: how and if the 
world should be changed, and the values underlying 
such decisions: a political understanding of who gets 
what, how and why. 



LPO 221 C Civil Liberties 

Prof. Felix Rackow 

The interplay of politics and social and economic 
conditions, and the law in such areas as free speech, 
religion, race and sex discrimination, loyalty, pover- 
ty, and fair governmental procedures. 



BPO 243S Doing Politics: How and Why 

Prof. Anne Murphy 

Primarily for non-majors; will not count toward poli- 
tical science major requirements. The individual 
and the political system; the other political systems. 
Prerequisite: at least Sophomore standing. 



65 



Political Science 



BPO 246 Varieties of Political Thought 

Prof. Anne Murphy 

Classical and contemporary political thinkers, their 
ideology, moral philosophies and empirical 
theories. Prerequisite: at least Sophomore standing. 



LPO 321 The Constitution and Government 
Power 

Prof. Felix Rackow 

Examining those portions of the Constitution dealing 
with governmental structure, relationships and 
power. Interrelationship between the Courts, the 
President and the Congress, and between national 
and state governments. 



BPO 346 Political Parties in the U.S. 

Prof. Anne Murphy 

Party organization and functions at national, state 
and county levels, and other institutions and activi- 
ties competing for party functions. Prerequisite: two 
courses in U.S. politics or history or social organiza- 
tion. 



BPO 348 Urban Political Systems 

Prof. Anne Murphy 

Self-government in sub-national political arenas. 
Prerequisites: at least Sophomore standing and two 
courses in politics, sociology, anthropology, eco- 
nomics or history. 



LPO 322 The Constitution and Individual 
Rights 

Prof. Felix Rackow 

Examining those portions of the Constitution dealing 
with relations between the individual and the gov- 
ernment (the Bill of Rights, due process, equal pro- 
tection, privileges and immunities, etc.). 



LPO 323 The American Presidency 

Prof. Felix Rackow 

The Presidency as a political and constitutional 
office, its growth and development from Washing- 
ton to the present. 



IPO 350 (Directed Study) Politics in Great 
Britain 

For description see London Offerings, page 54. 



BPO 445 American Foreign Policy 
Formation 

Prof. Anne Murphy 

The policy formation process examined by a study of 
agencies and procedures for formulating and ad- 
ministering U.S. foreign policy. Prerequisite: at least 
Junior standing and two courses in government, his- 
tory or politics. 



BPO 341 C Politics of Underdevelopment 

Prof. Claud Sutcliffe 

An introduction to the politics of underdevelopment 
in Asia, Africa and Latin America, focusing on the 
causes and consequences of poverty. 



BPO 342 International Politics and World 
Order 

Prof. Claud Sutcliffe 

Examining theories of world order which offer chal- 
lenging theories on how to create a better world, 
focusing on such issues as violence, social and eco- 
nomic well-being, human rights and environmental 
quality. 



BPO 344 U.S. Congress 

Prof. Anne Murphy 

The U.S. legislative process with major attention to 
the Senate and House of Representatives. Roles of 
lawmakers, legislative behavior, and representative 
government in theory and fact. 



BPO 446 Opinion and the Policy Process 

Prof. Anne Murphy 

The role of opinion in American politics: survey 
research, elections, parties, interest groups. Pre- 
requisite: at least Junior standing and three or more 
courses in political science, sociology, psychology, 
economics, statistics or marketing. 



BPO 41 Senior Seminar: Problems of the 
Future 

Prof. Claud Sutcliffe 

A Senior capstone seminar focusing on the search for 
solutions to important social and political issues that 
students are likely to confront during their lifetimes. 



PORTUGUESE 



CPG 101/2 Portuguese for Spanish Speakers 

Prof. Gerald Dreller 

Brazilian Portuguese through drills in speaking, writ- 
ing and understanding both written and spoken 
forms. 



66 



Psychology 



PSYCHOLOGY 

Students majoring in psychology will complete a 
common core of ten courses and a Senior Seminar, 
normally taken in the following sequence: 

Freshman ntroduction to Psychology 
year: Statistics 

Sophomore Experimental Psychology 
year: Childhood and Adolescence 

Learning and Cognition 

Psychology of Consciousness 
Junior Clinical and Counseling 

year: Personality Theory and Research 

Tests and Measurements 

Behavior Disorders 
Senior History and Systems 

year: development of an area of special com- 

petence through advanced study 

independent research 

special topics 

advanced courses 

practicum experience where 

appropriate. 



BPS 101S Introduction to Psychology 

Psychological processes, behavior, empirical 
methods, statistical concepts, biopsychology, learn- 
ing, memory, cognition, motivation, human de- 
velopment, personality, abnormal behavior, social 
processes, values issues in research and intervention 
in human lives. 



BPS 201 Experimental Psychology 

Prof. James MacDougall 

Research methodology, experiments, analysis of 
data. Observational techniques, correlational and 
laboratory methods. Prerequisites: BPS 1 01 S and 
BES 260M. 



BPS 202 Psychology of Childhood and 
Adolescence 

Prof. Jeffrey Howard 

Integrative approach to physical/behavioral, cogni- 
tive/intellectual, social/emotional development 
from conception to the end of adolescence. Pre- 
requisite: BPS 101S. 



BPS 203 Psychology of Adulthood and 
Aging 

Prof. Jeffrey Howard 

Personality, perceptual, physiological, intellectual 
and social changes beyond adolescence. Pre- 
requisite: BPS 101S. 



BPS 205 Human Learning and Cognition 

Prof. James MacDougall 

Principles of human learning, thinking, creativity, 
formal reasoning, information processing, problem 
solving and memory. Prerequisites: BPS 1 01 S and 
BES 260M. 



BPS 206S Personality and Adjustment 

Prof. Sal Capobianco 

Theories of personality, their relevance to everyday 
living, coping strategies, stress management, emo- 
tions and other topics on adjustment. Application of 
psychological knowledge to problems all of us face 
in our daily lives. 



APS/ED 207 Group Dynamics 

For description see Education, page 38. 



APS/HR 302 Gestalt Theory and Practice 

Prof. Thomas West 

A foundation stone in the human potential process, 
serving therapy, personal growth, education, 
creativity and self-awareness. Prerequisite: BPS 
1 01 S or permission of instructor. Offered alternate 
years. 



BPS 302 Social Psychology 

Prof. Ted Dembroski 

The study of the individual in a social environment, 
group influence, past and present concepts and re- 
search. Experimental approach to understanding 
social forces which affect individuals. Prerequisites: 
BPS 101 Sand BES 260M. 



BPS 304 Drugs and Behavior 

Prof. Sal Capobianco 

Effects of psychoactive drugs on individual be- 
havior, relationship between mind and body, bio- 
logical basis for the effects, abuse and treatment. 
Prerequisite: BPS 101S or AHR 101. Offered alter- 
nate years. 



BPS 306 Personality Theory and Research 

Prof. Jeffrey Howard 

Advanced course for psychology majors in the study 
of classical and contemporary approaches to per- 
sonality. Prerequisites: BPS 101S and BPS 201. 



67 



Psychology 



BPS 307 Psychological Tests and 
Measurements 

Prof. Sal Capobianco 

Reliability, validity, psychological and measure- 
ment assumptions underlying interviews, self-report 
inventories, aptitude tests; major instruments and 
their uses; ethical issues in testing. Prerequisites: 
BPS 101 Sand BES 260M. 



APS/HR 308 Introduction to Clinical and 
Counseling Psychology 

Prof. Thomas West 

Overview of the helping professions, personality 
theory, human development, processes of counsel- 
ing/therapy, research, self-awareness and assess- 
ment. Prerequisite: BPS 101S or AHR 101. 



both normal and altered states. Theory, research, 
practices and new paradigms of reality, health and 
creativity. 



BPS 402 Research Seminar in Social 
Psychology 

Prof. Ted Dembroski 

Designed for students to do original research. Pre- 
requisites: BPS 1 01 S, BES 260M, BPS 302 or 306, or 
permission of instructor. 



APS/HR 403 Practicum in Peer Counseling 

APS/HR 405 Practicum in Group Work 

For descriptions see Human Resources, page 47. 



APS/HR 309 Behavior Disorders 

Prof. Thomas West 

Behavior and states of consciousness judged by soci- 
ety to be abnormal, deviant or unacceptable, using 
such models for understanding as the psychoana- 
lytic, medical, behavioristic and humanistic- 
existential. Prerequisites: BPS 101S and APS/HR 
308. 



BPS 410 Senior Seminar: History and 
Systems 

Prof. Jeffrey Howard 

A synthetic overview of the history and major theo- 
retical systems of modern psychology. Prerequisites: 
Junior or Senior standing and major preparation in 
psychology. 



BPS 309 Biopsychology 

Prof. Sal Capobianco 

The application of neurological and neurophysical 
principles to understanding such phenomena as 
consciousness, instinct, motivation, learning, 
thought, language, memory, emotions. Appropriate 
for Juniors and Seniors with backgrounds in psychol- 
ogy or natural sciences. 



APS/ED 421 Psychology for Education 

For description see Education, page 38. 



A/BPS 499 Independent Research — Thesis 

Psychology majors may elect to devise an inde- 
pendent study project with one of the faculty. 
Directed research leading to a Senior thesis is avail- 
able by invitation of the faculty only. 



IPS 350 (Directed Study) Youth Experience 
in a Changing Great Britain 

For description see London Offerings, page 54. 



APS 383S Psychology of Consciousness 

Prof. Thomas West 

Psychology studies both behavior and conscious- 
ness. This perspective emphasizes consciousness, 



RELIGION/PHILOSOPHY 
MAJOR 

See Philosophy/Religion Major, page 63. 



RELIGIOUS STUDIES/ 
RELIGIOUS EDUCATION 

Students majoring in religious studies must take the 
basic course, Introduction to Religious Studies, and 
at least two courses from each of the following areas: 



68 



Religious Studies 



Biblical studies, historical and theological studies, 
philosophy of religion and ethics, and non-Western 
religions. Competency in the religious studies major 
will be determined by successful completion of all 
courses and a comprehensive exam or thesis. 
Directed and independent study courses may be 
taken toward fulfillment of this major. 

An interdisciplinary concentration in Religious 
Education is also available. This concentration will 
entail work in three academic areas: Biblical and 
theological studies; psychology and counseling 
studies; and education studies. This concentration 
should appeal especially to students contemplating 
professional careers with church and synagogue, 
and to students who wish to work as lay people in 
religious institutions. 



LRE 231 Nordic Religion and the Icelandic 
Sagas 

Prof. Alan Carlsten 

An introduction to the phenomenological method of 
inquiry into religion, using ancient Nordic religions. 
Myth, symbol, cult and ritual analyzed and evalu- 
ated in light of the saga literature. 



CRE 240C Non-Western Religions 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

The founders of non-Western religions, their life 
experiences, religious views and the emergence of 
their teachings as coherent systems, with compari- 
sons to the Judaeo-Christian tradition. 



C/LRE 201 S Introduction to Religious 
Studies 

Religious experience and ideas as they are expressed 
in such cultural forms as community, ritual, myth, 
doctrine, ethics, scripture and art; synthesizing per- 
sonal religious ideas and values. 



LRE 203C Old Testament Judaism 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

The culture of ancient Israel, precursor to modern 
Judaism, through a survey of Hebrew literature of the 
Old Testament period. 



LRE 204C New Testament Christianity 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

An introduction to the world of early Christianity, 
with its Hebraic Greco-Roman background, through 
a survey of Christian literature of the first two cen- 
turies C.E. 



CRE/LTR 220C Life and Death in Indian 
Hindu Culture 

Profs. Gilbert Johnston, Keith Irwin 

Traditional and modern Indian art, literature, reli- 
gious life, city and village life, and the possibility of a 
new secular industrial culture. 



LRE 241 Christian Thought and Practice 
Through the Centuries 

Prof. Alan Carlsten 

Beliefs, behavior patterns and institutional structure 
of the Christian Church through the past nineteen 
centuries. The great theological debates, episco- 
pacy, church-state struggles, monastic movement, 
Reformation and modern Christianity. 



LRE 242C Archaeology of the Bible 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 
Archaeological methods, interpretation of data, 
results of some of the most important "digs," and the 
importance of such study for understanding the Bi- 
ble. Prerequisite: one college-level course in Bible. 



CRE 242 The Buddhist Tradition 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

Gautama's enlightenment, the Noble Eight-fold 
Path, development of Buddhist ideas and practices 
as they spread from India to South and East Asia, 
contrasting Western religious views with those of 
another world religion. 



LRE 250S (Directed Study) Religion in 
America 

For description see LRE 221 . 



LRE 221 S Religion in America 

LRE 250 (Directed Study) 

Prof. Alan Carlsten 

The beliefs, behavior and institutions of Judaism and 
Christianity in American life. The uniqueness of the 
American religious experience and its impact on 
American institutional patterns. 



LRE 251 (Directed Study) Introduction to 
the Old Testament 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

The history, literature and religion of the Old Testa- 
ment, and the development of the Israelite religion. 



69 



Religious Studies — Russian 



LRE 252 (Directed Study) Introduction to 
the New Testament 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 
The most important events and ideas of the New 
Testament, and the origins and principles of early 
Christianity. 



LRE 253 (Directed Study) The Life and 
Teachings of Jesus 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 
The life and principle teachings of Jesus as recorded 
in the Gospels of the New Testament, reading from 
primary sources. 



CRE 370 The Zen Phenomenon 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 
The origins, development of thought, distinctive 
practices, impact on Japanese culture, and viability 
outside the oriental context of Zen. 



CRE 386E Religion in Tomorrow's 
Environment 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 
The role of religious values in coping with such 
environmental concerns as population, food and 
energy shortages, natural resources depletion, and 
pollution, along with alternate life styles. 



LRE 320 Christ and Culture 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 
The relations of Christianity and Western civiliza- 
tion, using Niebuhr's five typologies from his classic 
work on Christ and culture. Students choose specific 
aspects for in-depth study and seminar reports. 



LRE 341 S The New Religions 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 
The roots of the modern quest for a new religious 
consciousness through the examination of such 
groups as Krishna Consciousness, Transcendental 
Meditation, Scientology, Western Zen, the Unifica- 
tion Church and others. 



LRE 401 Internship in Religious Education 

Supervised, field-based experience in church work, 
with a mini'mOm of 150 hours on-site experience. 
Permission of instructor required. 

RESIDENT ADVISOR 



ACR 305 Resident Advisor Internship 

A year-long course for Resident Advisors at Eckerd 
College, beginning in autumn term. Communica- 
tion, paraprofessional counseling, crisis interven- 
tion, conflict resolution, leadership training. 



LRE 342A Literature of the Bible 

Stanley Chesnut 
The poetry, prophecy, law, drama, short story, 
proverbs, parables and epistles in one of the world's 
greatest collections of religious literature. Pre- 
requisite: one college-level course in Bible. 



CRE 343C Religions of China and japan 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 
Confucianism, Taoism, Shinto and religions of the 
modern age; changes in the face of modernization, 
Western pressure and secularization. 



LRE 361 20th Century Religious Thought 

Prof. Alan Carlsten 
In-depth survey of the major religious thinkers of the 
20th century including Barth, Bultmann, Tillich, 
Niebuhr, Buber, Kung and Moltmann. 



R.O.T.C. 

See Military Science, page 60. 

RUSSIAN STUDIES 

The program in Russian studies integrates the study 
of the Russian language with Russian history, litera- 
ture and contemporary Soviet reality. Students must 
complete at least two years of college level Russian, 
and finish five courses dealing specifically with Rus- 
sia: two in Russian history, two in Russian literature, 
and one in Soviet Area Studies. Each student in this 
program must also choose a field of specialization 
within Russian studies (usually language, literature, 
history, or social studies) consisting of at least four 
courses in addition to those listed above. When 
appropriate, these courses may be independent or 
directed studies, colloquia, and/or thesis prepara- 
tion. All students will have an oral examination 
covering their entire program, in addition to the 
comprehensive exam in a field of specialization or a 
thesis. 



70 



Sea Semester 



CRU 101/2 Elementary Russian 

Prof. Vivian Parsons 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking, reading 
and writing grammatical and conversational pat- 
terns of modern Russian. 



CRE 210/2 Intermediate Russian 

Prof. Vivian Parsons 

Review and completion of basic Russian grammar, 
and continued work on conversational skills. Pre- 
requisite: CRU 101/2. 



The following two courses are taught in 
Russian. 

CRU 301 Introduction to Russian Literature 
and Culture 

Russian cultural heritage including a survey of Rus- 
sian literature from Pushkin to Solzhenitsyn. Pre- 
requisite: two years of college Russian. Offered 
alternate years. 



SEA SEMESTER 

Block credit for four courses is awarded for the suc- 
cessful completion of the five topics listed below. 
This satisfies the Environmental Perspective require- 
ment. Offered at Woods Hole, Massachusetts. In- 
formation available at International Education 
Office. 



NSM 301 Introduction to Oceanography 

Survey of the characteristics and processes of the 
global ocean. Prerequisite: one semester of a college 
laboratory course in a physical or biological science 
or its equivalent. 



NSM 302 Introduction to Maritime Studies 

A multidisciplinary study of the history, literature 
and art of our maritime heritage, and the political 
and economic problems of contemporary maritime 
affairs. 



CRU 302 Daily Life in Soviet Society 

Family, education, youth organizations, economic 
pursuits, mass media, leisure activities, etc. Pre- 
requisite: two years of college Russian. Offered 
alternate years. 



NSM 303 Introduction to Nautical Science 

Navigation, naval architecture, ship construction, 
marine engineering systems and the physics of sail. 
Prerequisite: one semester of col lege mathematics or 
its equivalent. 



CRU/LI 232 Russian Classics in Translation 

Prof. Vivian Parsons 

Representative works of 1 9th century Russian writers 
including Pushkin, Lermontov, Gogol, Concharov, 
Turgenev, Tolstoy and Dostoevsky. Offered alter- 
nate years. 



CRU/LI 234 Soviet Literature in Translation 

Prof. Vivian Parsons 

Literary and political factors in the development of 
Soviet literature, studying Sholokhov, Pasternak, 
Solzhenitsyn and other contemporary Soviet prose. 
Offered alternate years. 



CCU 283C Soviet Area Studies 

For descriptiopn see Cross-Cultural Perspective, 
page 33. 

For further courses see History, Philosophy, and 
Political Science. 



NSM 304 Oceanographic Laboratory I 
(Basic) 

Shore component. Introduction to the tools and 
techniques of the practicing oceanographer. 



NSM 305 Oceanographic Laboratory II 
(Advanced) 

Sea component. Individually designed research 
project; operation of the vessel. 

See Sea Semester, page 12. 



SENIOR SEMINARS 

Capstone Senior Seminars are offered within the 
collegium of the student's major, focussing on the 
search for solutions to important issues that students 
are likely to confront during their lifetimes. These 
seminars may be considered a part of the student's 
major. 



71 



Senior Seminars — Social Relations Perspective Nourses 



ACR 410 Creative Arts Senior Seminar 

Development of creativity from the beginning notion 
to the final experience, drawing from theatre, writ- 
ing, art, music, education and human development; 
social responsibility contrasted with individual 
freedom. 



BMN 410 Senior Seminar in Management 

For description see page 57. 



BPO 410 Senior Seminar: Problems of the 
Future 

For description see page 66. 



SOCIAL RELATIONS 
PERSPECTIVE COURSES 

Courses in this perspective are designed to provide 
an organized perspective on some aspect of human 
social behavior in order to enhance the student's 
ability to function as an effective, responsible and 
caring member of society. 



AED 202S Development of the Child in 
Society 

AED 328S The School: Locus of Culture and 
Change 

For descriptions see Education, page 37. 



BPS 410 Senior Seminar: History and 
Systems 

For description see page 68. 



AHR 386S Ethical Issues and the Helping 
Professions 

For description see Human Resources, page 47. 



BSO 41 Senior Seminar in Sociology 

For description see page 74. 



ALR 269S Leisure and Lifestyles 

For descriptions see Leisure Services, page 48. 



CCU 410 Senior Seminar: Great Works in 
Literature: a Comparative Study 

Readings in translation or original language. How 
each author has, from his own cultural perspective, 
cast light on the human condition; and a search for 
possible solutions to current and future problems in 
the literature. 



LTR 410 Senior Seminar: justice, Law and 
Community 

Examination of such contemporary issues as the 
limits of freedom in a free society, public vs. private 
morality, religion and the state, sexual morality, 
poverty in an affluent society, arbitrary uses or 
power, and law and order. 



NAS 410 Senior Seminar in the Natural 
Sciences 

Students will receive one course credit for participa- 
tion in Junior and Senior year discipline seminars, 
and the joint collegium-wide seminars during the 
Senior year, alternating weekly between discipline 
and collegium-wide meetings. 



APS 383S Psychology of Consciousness 

For descriptions see Psychology, page 68. 

BEC 281 S Principles of Microeconomics 

BEC 282S Principles of Macroeconomics 

BES 301 S The Social (Economic) 
Construction of Reality 

BES 336S The Economics of Consumer 
Behavior 

For descriptions see Economics, page 36. 

BMN 321 S Consumer Behavior and 
Consumerism 

BMN 376S Managerial Ethics 

For descriptions see Management, page 55. 



BPO 103S Introduction to Comparative and 
International Politics 



BPO 243S Doing Politics: How and Why 

For descriptions see Political Science, page 65. 



72 



Sociology 



BPS 101S Introduction to Psychology 
BPS 206S Personality and Adjustment 

For description see Psychology, page 67. 

BSO 1 01 S Introduction to Sociology 

BSO 222S Deviance 

BSO 223S Social Problems 

For description see Sociology, page 73. 

CAN 201 S The Anthropological Experience: 
Introduction to Anthropology 

For description see Anthropology, page 23. 

CHI 231 S Revolutions in the Modern World 

For description see History, page 43. 



LAM 306S American Myths, American 
Values 

LAM 307S Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 
Reactionaries and Reformers 

LAM 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender 
and American Culture 

LAM 309S The American Industrial State 

For descriptions see American Studies, page 23. 



LHI 201 S The Nature of History 

LHI 21 6S Your Family in American History 

LHI 228S The American Military Experience 

For descriptions see History, page 43. 

LPL241S Ethics 

For description see Philosophy, page 62. 

LPO 102S Introduction to American 
National Government and Politics 

LPO 221 S Civil Liberties 

For descriptions see Political Science, page 65. 



LRE 201 S Introduction to Religious Studies 
LRE 221 S Religion in America 

LRE 341 S The New Religions 

For descriptions see Religious Studies, page 68. 

SOCIOLOGY 

The required courses for the sociology major are 
Introduction to Sociology, Statistical Methods, Re- 
search Design, the Senior Seminar in Sociology, and 
The History of Social Thought. In addition to these, 
each student selects six other sociology courses in 
consultation with the Mentor. 

BES 260M Statistical Methods 

BES 360 Research Design 

BES 460 Seminar in Statistical Package for 

the Social Sciences (SPSS) 

For descriptions see Statistics, page 76. 



BSO 101S Introduction to Sociology 

Prof. William Winston 

The study of degrees of agreement and disagreement 
among groups, organizations, institutions, etc., 
which exist in society, and what produces levels of 
agreement. 



BSO 221 Juvenile Delinquency 

Prof. William Winston 

Analyzing juvenile delinquency through examina- 
tion of the collective nature of human behavior, the 
function of values and normative patterns, and so- 
cial conflict over values and resources. 



BSO 222S Deviance 

Prof. Michael Flaherty 

A survey of sociological research on deviance, 
including suicide, nudism, alcoholism, homosex- 
uality, mental illness, prostitution, child abuse, drug 
addiction and rape. 



BSO 223S Social Problems 

Prof. William Winston 

A study of social problems defined as a deviation 
from some social norm which is cherished by the 
general population, and which constitutes a threat to 
values. 



73 



Sociology 



BSO 224 Criminology 

Prof. Patrick Henry 

The causes and consequences of crime, the histor- 
ical transition of ideas about crime, types of crime 
such as street level, organized, corporate, gov- 
ernment; the measurement of crime and criminal 
deterrence. 



BSO/AHR 225 Introduction to Social Work 

For description see Human Resources, page 46. 



BSO 352 (Directed Study) Social 
Gerontology 

For description see BSO 322. 



BSO 360 Sociology of Sport 

Prof. William Winston 

Sport and competition and its effects, values and 
morality. Sport as character builder, sport and race, 
sex roles, children, colleges, law, economics, poli- 
tics, and future trends. 



BSO 235 Social Structure and Personality 

Prof. Michael Flaherty 

The relationship between human self-consciousness 
and socialization; the genesis and structure of self- 
consciousness and the cultural relativity and plastic- 
ity of identity. 



BSO 322 Social Gerontology 

BSO 352 (Directed Study) 

Prof. William Winston 

The aging process from a multidiscipline perspective 
including biological, social psychological and 
sociological aspects. Interrelationships between the 
elderly and the functioning of the social system. 



BSO 324 Introduction to Criminal Justice 

Prof. Patrick Henry 

Police, courts and corrections, criminal law, public 
attitudes toward crime, discretionary power of 
police, capital punishment, adjustments after prison 
release. 



BSO 325 Community Field Experience 

Prof. Patrick Henry 

Students choose an internship in a community serv- 
ice agency such as health rehabilitation, child and 
family services, legal services, special education, 
working a minimum of ten hours a week at the 
agency. Prerequisites: at least Sophomore standing 
and permission of instructor. 



BSO/MN 362 Business and Society 

For description see Management, page 56. 



BSO 381 Racial and Cultural Relations 

Prof. Patrick Henry 

How racial and ethnic identity influence one's 
chances for health, education, work and success. 
Main focus is on black/white relations since the end 
of slave trading. 

BSO 41 Senior Seminar in Sociology 

Implementation during spring of research planned 
during winter term of the Senior year. Required for 
graduating sociology Seniors. 



BSO 420 Sociology of Religion 

Prof. William Winston 

The relationship between religion and society, reli- 
gions as social products that are created by fun- 
damentally similar processes in all cultures. Pre- 
requisite: BSO 101S or permission of instructor. 



BSO 426 History of Social Thought 

Prof. William Winston 

Concepts, approaches and orientations that have 
played a part in shaping the nature of sociology, and 
ideas during the 1 9th and 20th centuries as sociolo- 
gy matured. Prerequisite: BSO 1 01 S or permission of 
instructor. 



BSO 326 The Family 

Prof. Patrick Henry 

Family roles such as children, men, women, 
spouses, parents, kin examined. Ways in which 
family and work life interact. Dynamic changes in 
American family structure, and the modern nuclear 
family. 



BSO 471 Social Stratification 

Prof. Michael Flaherty 

Classicial and contemporary analyses of social ine- 
quality. How systems of inequality change, social 
mobility, and the contrast between structures of 
socialistic and capitalistic societies. Prerequisite: 
BSO 101S. 



74 



Spanish 



SPANISH 

A student may major in Spanish by successfully com- 
pleting eight of the following courses: Intermediate 
Spanish I, II, Survey of Spanish Literature, Survey of 
Spanish American Literature, Modern Spanish 
Novel, Latin American Novel, Modern Spanish Dra- 
ma, Golden Age Drama, Cervantes, Advanced Con- 
versation, The Artistry of Federico Garcia Lorca I, II 
(directed study). Study abroad in the Junior year is 
strongly recommended. 



CSP 101/2 Elementary Spanish I, II 

Profs. Frank Figueroa, Pedro Trakas 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking and writ- 
ing Spanish. Prerequisite for CSP 102 is 101. 



CSP 401 The Modern Spanish Novel 

CSP 452 (Directed Study) 

Prof. Frank Figueroa 

Major novels of Spanish writers from Generacion del 
'98 to the present. Prerequisite: CSP 302 or permis- 
sion of instructor. 



CSP 402 Spanish American Novel 

CSP 453 (Directed Study) 

Prof. Frank Figueroa 

Selected works by Spanish American novelists 
chronologically to give clear understanding of de- 
velopments in the New World. Prerequisite: CSP 
302 or permission of instructor. 



CSP 201 Intermediate Spanish I 

Profs. Frank Figueroa, Pedro Trakas 

Continuation of CSP 101/2, with all work in Spanish. 
Prerequisite: CSP 101/2 or the equivalent, or permis- 
sion of instructor. 



CSP 403 Modern Spanish Drama 

Prof. Pedro Trakas 

Works of best modern playwrights from Benavente 
to the present. Prerequisite: CSP 302 or permission 
of instructor. Offered alternate years. 



CSP 202 Intermediate Spanish II 

Profs. Frank Figueroa, Pedro Trakas 

Literature as the basis for improving understanding, 
speaking, reading and writing Spanish. All work in 
Spanish. Prerequisite: CSP 201 or the equivalent. 



CSP 250 (Directed Study) Practicum in 
Spanish Teaching 

Prof. Frank Figueroa 

Participants will assist the instructor in conducting 
drills, explanation of grammatical rules and im- 
provement of pronunciation for small groups of be- 
ginning Spanish students. Prerequisite: CSP 201 . 



CSP 404 Golden Age Drama 

Prof. Pedro Trakas 

Reading and analyzing the most representative plays 
of the period, with all work in Spanish. Prerequisite: 
CSP 302 or permission of instructor. Offered alter- 
nate years. 



CSP 405 Cervantes 

Prof. Pedro Trakas 

The life and works of Cervantes with critical analysis 
of Don Quixote and one Novelas ejamplares. All 
work in Spanish. Prerequisite: CSP 302 or permis- 
sion of instructor. Offered alternate years. 



CSP 301 Survey of Spanish Literature 

Prof. Frank Figueroa 

Representative Spanish writers from all periods and 
genres of literature. Prerequisite: third-year pro- 
ficiency in Spanish. 



CSP 406 Advanced Spanish Conversation 

Prof. Pedro Trakas 

Fluency, pronunciation, intonations, idioms, collo- 
quialisms through highly intensive practice. Pre- 
requisite: CSP 202 or its equivalent. 



CSP 302 Survey of Spanish American 
Literature 

Prof. Frank Figueroa 

Work of Spanish American authors with emphasis 
on 19th and 20th centuries. Prerequisite: third-year 
proficiency in Spanish. 



CSP/LI 450/1 (Directed Study) The Artistry 
of Federico Garcia Lorca I, II 

Prof. Pedro Trakas 

Studying and analyzing the art forms engaged in by 
Lorca, reading his major literature. Prerequisite: CSP 
202. 



75 



Speech 



CSP 452 (Directed Study) The Modern 
Spanish Novel 

Prof. Frank Figueroa 

For description see CSP 401 . 



CSP 453 (Directed Study) Spanish American 
Novel 

Prof. Frank Figueroa 



For description see CSP 402. 

SPEECH 



LSH 222 Speech Communication 

Prof. Alan Carlsten 

Develop skills in interpersonal, group and public 
speech communication, aided by audio-visual 
equipment. 



LSH 224 Communicating in a Technological 
World 

Prof. Alan Carlsten 

Techniques of effective writing and public speaking 
in business, the professions and sciences, aided by 
video-taping. 



STATISTICS AND RESEARCH 
DESIGN 

NMA 133 Statistics, an Introduction 

For description see Mathematics, page 59. 

BES 260M Statistical Methods 

Quantitative techniques for data analysis in the be- 
havioral sciences: univariate and bivariate descrip- 
tion, and inference. Credit will be given for only one 
of NMA 133 or BES 260M. 



BES 360 Research Design 

The techniques and applications of social science 
research, critical evaluation of research evidence, 
designing and administering a group survey project. 
Prerequisite: an introductory behavioral science 
course. 



BES 460 Seminar in Statistical Package for 
the Social Sciences (SPSS) 

Hands-on experience with the computer as well as 
training in the use of the most popular computer 
software program in the social sciences. Pre- 
requisite: BES 260M. 



SWEDISH 



LSW 150/1 (Directed Study) Swedish I, II 

Prof. Alan Carlsten 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking, reading 
and writing Swedish through Swedish government 
tapes, taped radio programs, and texts. 



LSW 250/1 (Directed Study) Swedish II, III 

Prof. Alan Carlsten 

Advanced Swedish grammar and writing, drill in 
understanding and speaking. Prerequisite: LSW 
150/1. 



LSW 350/1 (Directed Study) Swedish IV, V 

Prof. Alan Carlsten 

Intensive study of Swedish literary figures. Conversa- 
tion and writing skills. Stockholm's Sunday Dagens 
Nyheter read in Swedish. Prerequisite: LSW 250/1. 



THEATRE 

The theatre program at Eckerd has two important 
functions: to provide the serious and talented theatre 
student with the theoretical, historical and practical 
fundamentals of the field; and to serve as a cultural 
resource for the college and community. Therefore, 
anyone is encouraged to join the department's crea- 
tive efforts on-stage and backstage, whether student, 
staff or townsperson. The academic requirements for 
theatre majors are 1 2 courses in the area which will 
include the following core program: The Human 
Instrument, Basic Acting Technique, Stagecraft, 
Theatre Projects (two semesters), History of Drama 
(two semesters). Each student is expected to concen- 
trate on a major creative work as a Senior project. 
Some time should be spent away from campus on an 
apprenticeship in study at a major theatre center 
(generally London), or on a special summer program 
of participation in the performance arts. The Amer- 
ican Stage Company is based in St. Petersburg and 
provides professional resources for the theatre 
program. 



76 



Theatre 



ATH 101 The Human Instrument 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Exploration of the potentials for use of the body, 
voice, energy, sensory awareness, mind, psyche 
and movement, through a wide range of exercises. 



ATH 102A The Living Theatre 

Prof. Richard Rice 

Overview of practical and aesthetic considerations 
of the theatre arts, along with performance and 
theatre technology. Class critiques of dramatic pro- 
ductions on campus. Short scenes performed in 
class. 



ATH 202A Improvisation 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Introduction to basic techniques of improvisation 
and theatre games. Should be viewed as a "lab- 
oratory" course. Students will work with techniques 
developed by Spolin, Chaiken, Kock, Grotowski, 
Cohen, with emphasis on controlled creativity. 



ATH 266 Theatre Projects 

Laboratory experience in performance and produc- 
tion. Completion of three units chosen from: Pro- 
duction (lights, publicity, costumes, sound, scenery, 
props, makeup, management) and Performance (au- 
dition repertory, touring, main-stage, studio, 
choreography). 



ATH 267 Musical Theatre Workshop 

Prof. Richard Rice 

History and performance technique of the musical, 
America's unique contribution to theatrical arts. 
Derivation and stylistic development of the form; 
artistic aspects of performance through laboratory 
production of scenes. 



ATH 276 Dance I 

Prof. Maggie Cortez 

An introduction to jazz emphasizing strength, flex- 
ibility, and development of a movement vocabulary. 
A study of dance history. Active technique class, 
with performing opportunity. 



ATH 250 (Directed Study) Video Practicum 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Introduction to video camera and recording equip- 
ment, basic composition of the video picture, taping 
live action and performance; and the capabilities of 
video as a medium. 



ATH 261 Stagecraft 



Prof. Brian Anstedt 



Basic principles and procedures for constructing the 
stage picture. Theatre terms, use of hand and power 
tools, set construction, scene painting and stage 
lighting. 



ATH 262 Theatre in the Mass Media 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Viewing and discussing theatrical, filmic and 
videotaped performances. Basic characteristics of 
each, the extent of their interdependence and par- 
ticular problems of adaptation from one form to 
another. 



ATH 322A Communication Arts and 
Persuasion 

Prof. Richard Rice 

The principles, values, forms and effects of persua- 
sive public communication. Film and videotape ex- 
amples. Experience in analysis, reasoning, evidence 
and organization of the persuasive speech. 



ATH 363A Ensemble Theatre 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Advanced work with improvisation and group- 
theatre. Development of performable work through 
improvisation. Introduction to performance art. 
Should be viewed as a "laboratory" course. 



ATH 366 Characterization and Scene Study 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Continuation of ATH 263 emphasizing character 
development, concentrating on role analysis, 



ATH 263 Basic Acting 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Development of basic tools of the actor through 
reading, discussion and scene work. Introduction to 
several approaches to the craft of acting: Stanis- 
lavski, Cohen, Hagen, Koch, Grotowski. 



77 



Theatre 



motivation, inter-character relationships, and incor- 
porating improvisational rehearsal techniques. Par- 
ticipation in campus production expected. 



ATH 367 Theatre Internship 

Supervised work in college, community and profes- 
sional theatre companies on internship basis. One to 
four course credits, depending on amount of time 
involved. 



ATH 3 70 A Scenography 

Prof. Brian Anstedt 

Principles for creating the entire theatre environ- 
ment: scenery, lighting, sound, costume, makeup. 
Theatre as art, the scenographic process, working 
drawings, painting and lighting techniques. 



ATH 372 Directing 



Prof. Richard Rice 



Study and practice of play-directing theories and 
techniques: analysis of play, rehearsal process, 
organizational procedures from script to production. 
Productions provide menu for Lunchbox Theatre 
Series. 



ATH 376 Dance II 

Prof. Maggie Cortez 

Study of jazz plus an introduction to dance composi- 
tion. Active technique class, dance composition 
projects, and performing opportunity. Prerequisites: 
Dance I or previous experience. 



ATH 377 Choreography 

Prof. Maggie Cortez 

A study of dance composition beginning with the 
basic elements of movement and culminating in a 
student work. Performing opportunity. Pre- 
requisites: Dance II, or previous experience. 



ATH 381 A Seminar in Theatre: Theory and 
Values 

Prof. Richard Rice 

Reality, illusion, roleplaying, stereotypes, scripting, 
motivation — terms used in theatrical practice and 
everyday life in our search for understanding human 
behavior. Masterpieces of drama reveal why their 
treatment of the human condition enhances our 
value systems. 



ATH 450 (Directed Study) Alternative 
Theatre 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Exploration of major types of non-traditional theatre 
forms of the past 30 years, and production tech- 
niques appropriate to those forms. 



ATH 466 Advanced Acting Styles 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Greek, Roman, Medieval, Commedia, Shakes- 
pearean, Restoration, Naturalistic and Modern 
acting styles: movement, timing, language, rhythm. 
Daily scene work, research in each period, play 
readings, final performance in each style. 



ATH 467 Projects in Acting 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Performance of a major role in a full length play, or 
of several smaller roles, accompanied by an in- 
depth study of various tactics for characterization, 
applicable to the role in question. 



ATH 469-1 Scenic Arts I: Costume Design 

Prof. Brian Anstedt 

The elements, design and construction of stage cos- 
tuming. The designer's role, costume periods, fab- 
rics, sketching, rendering and research. Each stu- 
dent will produce four major designs. 



ATH 469-2 Scenic Arts II: Scene Design 

Prof. Brian Anstedt 

Play analysis and research for creating scenic 
designs. Drawings, ground plans, renderings, model 
making. Each student will produce four major de- 
signs. 



ATH 469-3 Scenic Arts III: Lighting Design 

Prof. Brian Anstedt 

Theory and practice of various styles of stage light- 
ing: Hanging and focussing instruments, light plots, 
instrument and dimmer schedules. Light boards, 
color media, electricity. Each student will produce 
four major designs. 



78 



Writing Workshop 



ATH 473 Advanced Directing 

Prof. Richard Rice 

Develop a personal directing style to meet the re- 
quirements of a given script, whether period or mod- 
ern piece. Each director prepares at least two exam- 
ples for an audience. Critique discussions. 



ACR 201 A Triartic Aesthetics or 
Understanding the Arts 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective, page 21. 

VISUAL ARTS 

See Art, page 24. 

WESTERN HERITAGE 



FWH 181 Western Heritage I 

The first course in general education introduces 
values through the study of the Sumerian, Creek, 
Roman and Medieval worlds, using masterworks of 
Western civilization. 



FWH 182 Western Heritage II 

Exploring the Renaissance, the Enlightenment, the 
19th and 20th centuries, through literature, the arts, 
scientific accomplishments, and other major intel- 
lectual writings. 



FWH/CCU 183C U.S. Area Studies 

Open to international students only. A contempo- 
rary view of the U.S., and a limited survey of its past, 
size and diversity. Required for all degree-seeking 
international students. 



WINTER TERM PROJECTS 

Descriptions of winter term projects are published in 
a separate brochure. 



WRITING WORKSHOP 

See Creative Writing, page 32. 



79 



Autumn Term Projects — Winter Term Projects 



AUTUMN TERM PROJECTS FOR FRESHMEN 



Foundations Collegium 

Autumn term is a three-week introduction to college 
life for Freshmen, consisting of one academic proj- 
ect, plus orientation, testing, and registration. New 
students choose from among fifteen or more courses 
offered by the professors who thus become their 
Mentors (advisors) and their Foundations instructors 
for the Freshman year. Typical autumn term offer- 
ings in recent years have included Fantasy Work- 
shop, Our Ethnic Heritage, Power in American Soci- 
ety, Medicinal Chemistry: From Potions to Phar- 
maceuticals, Casual and Contractual Human Rela- 
tionships, and Roots of Ritual. See the autumn term 
brochure available from Foundations or Admissions. 



FDN 1 Living in the USA (Especially for 
International Students) 

Profs. Carolyn Johnston, Dudley DeGroot 

Introduction to living in the U.S. and Florida, 
analyzing everyday problems, college living, 
comparative customs, systems, attitudes. Amer- 
ican literature, health care, police matters, 
sports, working, education, religion, politics, im- 
proving language skills. Resource people, field 
trips. Dailyjournal, analytical papers, final project 
reflecting autumn term experiences. 



WINTER TERM PROJECTS 



Neither regular semester nor directed study 
courses are taken as winter term projects. Off- 
campus independent study projects may be 
taken only by students above Freshman standing 
for whom the off-campus location is essential to 
the nature of the project itself. 

Descriptions of winter term projects are published in 
a separate brochure, available about June 1 of each 
year. The winter term brochure contains complete 
information on registration and other procedures 
related to winter term. Additions and corrections to 
the winter term projects listing are published early in 
the fall semester. 

As an indication of the range of educational 
opportunities available through Eckerd College 
during the winter term, the following is a list of 
project titles offered in the past. 

On Campus: Theatre Production; Clay Work- 
shop: Raku Technique; Project in Elementary 
Education Methods; Flags and Banners: Fiber 
Art; Women in Sport; Music in the Twenty-First 
Century; Image of Imprisonment in Recent 
American Writing; Subcultures and Deviance; 
Psychology and Medicine; Operation Enterprise 
(American Management Association), -Manage- 



ment in the Year 2,000; Human Ecology; The 
Energy Problem: Now and the Future; Simple 
Living; The Economics of Public Issues; Speak- 
ing Russian; Developing Expository Writing; Im- 
ages of Women in French Literature; The South 
in American History; The Art of Biography; Uto- 
pian Technology and Anarchy; Varieties of 
Socialism Since Marx; The New Religions; Per- 
spectives on Violence; Florida's Exotic Plant Life; 
The Basics of Color Photography; Mathematical 
Modeling; Computer Project; Really Close En- 
counters; Chemistry, the Environment and the 
Future. 

Off-Campus: Music in England; The Lively Arts in 
London; The Economic Effect of Management, 
Government, Labor Unions on Technology, 
Trade and Productivity in Great Britain; Roots: 
Novelists on Their Home Ground; English Cul- 
tural Heritage; Social Issues in Contemporary 
Britain; English Science Fiction and Fantasy; 
International Banking in the Caribbean (Cayman 
Islands); The Dry Tortugas Expedition on the Brig 
Unicorn; The Art and Architecture of Renais- 
sance Florence and Venice; Mexico: Language 
and/or Culture; Shapes of the Land of Enchant- 
ment (New Mexico). 



80 




81 



liUItlflt 

inViiVi 

' » » m 

IIII 




CAMPUS AND STUDENT LIFE 



At Eckerd, learning and standards are not viewed 
as restricted to the classroom. The college cher- 
ishes the freedom that students experience in the 
college community and in the choices they make 
concerning their own personal growth. At the 
same time, each student, as a member of a Chris- 
tian community of learners, is expected to contri- 
bute to this community and to accept and live by 
its values and standards: commitment to truth 
and excellence; devotion to knowledge and 
understanding; sensitivitytotherightsand needs 



of others; belief in the inherent worth of all hu- 
man beings and respect for human differences; 
contempt for dishonesty, prejudice and destruc- 
tiveness. Just as Eckerd intends that its students 
shall be competent giversthroughouttheirlives, it 
expects that giving shall be the hallmark of be- 
havior and relationships in college life. Just as 
Eckerd seeks to provide each student with oppor- 
tunities for learning and excellence, each student 
is expected to play a significant part in the vitality 
and integrity of the college community. 



82 



THE CITY 

St. Petersburgisavibrantcityin its own right, and 
St. Petersburg, Tampa, and Clearwater together 
form a metropolitan area of over one million peo- 
ple with all the services and cultural facilities of 
any area this size. 

St. Petersburg and nearby cities offer art 
museums, symphony orchestras, and profes- 
sional theatre, in addition to road show engage- 
ments of Broadway plays, rock bands, circuses, 
ice shows, and other attractions for a full range of 
entertainment. 

The St. Louis Cardinals and the New York Mets 
baseball teams maintain headquarters in St. 
Petersburg for spring training, and there are ma- 
jor golf and tennis tournaments in the area. Pro- 
fessional football fans can follow the Tampa Bay 
Buccaneers, and professional soccer fans, the 
Tampa Bay Rowdies. 

Southern Ocean Racing Conference sailing races 
are held every year, as well as many regattas for 
sail and power boats. Fine public beaches on the 
Gulf of Mexico are within bicycling distance of the 
Eckerd College campus, as are public golf 
courses. 

THE CAMPUS 

Situated in asuburbanareaatthesouthwesttipof 
the peninsula on which St. Petersburg is located, 
Eckerd's campus is large and uncrowded — 267 
acres with over VA miles of waterfront on Boca 
Ciega Bay and Frenchman's Creek. There are 
three small lakes on thecampus, and thechapel is 
on an island in one of them. The 64 air- 
conditioned buildings were planned to provide a 
comfortable environment for learning in the Flor- 
ida climate. Professors and students frequently 
forsake their classrooms and gather outdoors in 
the sunshine or under a pine tree's shade. Out- 
door activities are possible all year; cooler days 
during the winter are not usually severe. 



RESIDENTIAL LIFE 

Eckerd College has seven residential complexes, 
each consisting of four houses that accommodate 
34-36 students. Most of the student residences 
overlook the water. Each house has a student 
Resident Adviser who is available for basic 
academic or personal counselingand isgenerally 
responsible for the house operation. Residence 
houses are self-governed. 

A number of houses are all-male or all-female, 
while others have men on one floor and women 
ontheother. Freshman students may be assigned 
to this arrangement as space is available when 
parental acknowledgment is received. Students 
under 23 years of age are required to live in cam- 
pus residences and participate in the col lege food 
service program. 

Social regulations and policies governing be- 
havioral expectations are listed in The Eck Book, 
the student handbook. All students are referred 
to this book for information in this area. 

STUDENT GOVERNMENT 

Activities, projects, and programs developed and 
financed in the student sector are managed by the 
Eckerd College Organization of Students (ECOS), 
whose membership consists of all matriculating 
students, full and part-time, at Eckerd. Each year, 
ECOS is responsible for the allocation of student 
fees for extra-curricular activities. 




cOittriPTKi: 




83 



STUDENT ACTIVITIES 

Eckerd believes that student life should be as full 
and rich as possible, both in the classroom and 
outside it. We provide a broad range of campus 
activities — and if you cannotfind somethingthat 
suits your interests, we encourage you to start a 
new group of your own. Your free time can be as 
interesting as you want to make it. 

BROWN HALL COLLEGE CENTER 

The College Center serves as the hub for re- 
creational and social activities. The facilities in- 
clude a snack bar, gameroom, conversation 
lounge, seven foot television, and Pub. The Col- 
lege Center provides the opportunity for student 
directed programs and committees to develop 
activities and services for the Eckerd community. 

ENTERTAINMENT AND 
CULTURAL ACTIVITIES 

The College Program Series, jointly planned by stu- 
dents, faculty and administration, is designed to en- 
hance the intellectual, religious and cultural life of 
the college community through bringing well known 
scholars, artists and distinguished Americans to the 
campus each semester. 

The Student Activities Board sponsors movies, 
coffee house programs, dances, and concerts 
featuring local and nationally known artists, and 
is a co-sponsor of the annual Black Symposium 
and Black History Week. Films on topics pertain- 
ing to the academic program are shown regularly. 

The music, art, and theatre disciplines sponsor a 
number of events throughout the year. There are 
student and faculty recitals, programs from the 
concert choir and chamber ensemble, exhibi- 
tions by student and faculty artists, dance per- 
formances, and a series of plays produced by the 
theatre workshops. 

STUDENT PUBLICATIONS 

Publications are funded by the Student Association 
and fully controlled by the students themselves. Stu- 
dent media include WECR, the campus radio sta- 
tion; Ecspress, the student newspaper; The Tethered 
Muse, a literary magazine featuring artwork, prose, 
and poetry by members of the entire campus com- 
munity; a yearbook; and The Eck Book, the student 
handbook. 

ORGANIZATIONS AND CLUBS 

At Eckerd, if there is enough student interest to form a 
club or honorary society, one is formed. Organiza- 
tions which have been established include Afro- 
American Society, Association for Women Students, 
Biology Club, Choir, Circle K, College Bowl Society, 
Day Students, Folk Dancers, International Students, 



Literary Magazine, Management Society, Omicron 
Delta Kappa, Psychology Club, Rowing Club, 
Camping Club, Triton Sailing Association and Sail- 
ing Team, and Water Ski Club. 

RELIGIOUS LIFE 

The College Chaplain directs the Campus Minis- 
try Program, a joint effort of students, faculty and 
staff. The program provides religious activities in 
a Christian context and assists individuals and 
groups of other religious persuasions to arrange 
their own activities. Worship services, special 
speakers and emphasis weeks, small group stu- 
dies, service projects and fellowship activities are 
provided through the program. The Chaplain 
serves as ministerto students, faculty and staff, is 
available for counseling or consultation, and 
works closely with the Student Affairs staff to 
enhance the quality of campus life. 

Regardless of your background, you are encour- 
aged to explore matters of faith and commitment 
as an integral part of your educational experi- 
ence. We believe that personal growth and com- 
munity life are significantly strengthened by en- 
counter with the claims of the Christian faith and 
the values of the Judaeo-Christian tradition. 

WATERFRONT PROGRAM 

Eckerd's waterfront program, one of the largest 
collegiate watersports programs in the South- 
eastern U.S., is one of the most exciting re- 
creational opportunities on the campus. The fa- 
cilities, located on Frenchman's Creek, include 
boathouse, support buildings, docks, ramp, 
hoist, fishing equipment, camping equipment, 
water skiing equipment and a fleet of over 50 
boats, including canoes, sailboats, power boats 
and a special ski boat. If you own a boat, you can 
arrange to store or dock it here. 

The Eckerd College Search and Rescue Team, 
EC-SAR, is a volunteer student group that con- 
ducts maritime search and rescue operations in 
the Tampa Bay area.The team has three primary 
units, the SAR unit which operates the team's five 
surface vessels, a communications unit and an 
underwater search and recovery unit. Working 
closely with the U.S. Coast Guard and many local 
and state agencies, members give a high level 
dedication, skill and commitment to public ser- 
vice and have received many national and local 
awards and commendations. 

Teams, clubs and instruction are offered in all 
areasofwatersports,includingsailing, canoeing, 
rowing, scuba diving, water skiing, fishing and 
powerboating. The Triton Sailing Team, a mem- 
ber of the Southeastern Intercollegiate Sailing 
Association, is an opportunity for those sailors 
interested in intercollegiate competition. 



84 



COUNSELING SERVICES 

There will be times during your college career 
when you will want advice. For academic advice 
the place to start is with your Mentor or with any of 
your professors. You are welcome to seek the 
counsel of any administrator in Student Affairs or 
elsewhere. The Counseling Center provides both 
individual and group counseling for students 
who are experiencing personal problems or 
would like to improve their level of personal well- 
being. Counseling may provide support for indi- 
vidual growth, improving skills in handling rela- 
tionships, and exploring stress management 
techniques. The Counseling Center is staffed 
with a psychologist capable of skilled listening, 
understanding and assistance. For further clar- 
ification of counseling services, please refer to 
The Eck Book. 

HEALTH SERVICES 

Eckerd's medical service is directed by a physician 
who is at the Health Center two hours every Mon- 
day through Friday. A registered nurse is on duty 
8 a.m. to midnight, Monday through Friday. 
Medicines may be purchased for minimal fees. 
Brief stays in the Health Center may be arranged 
for minor illness; otherwise community hospitals 
are used. The college notifies parents when com- 
munity hospitalization is necessary. 

All students must file an official health form as 
part of the admissions procedure. Treatment in 
the Health Center may not be available until this 
form is received. Health insurance is provided for 
all students and is included in the total compre- 
hensive fee. The student health policy includes 
maximum coverage of $3,000 for accidents only 
(which must be reported within twenty days of 
the accident). It also includes coverage for a $35 
medical consultant fee when ordered by the col- 
lege physician. The policy covered by total com- 
prehensive fees is for nine months only. Optional 
summer coverage may be purchased for $5 addi- 
tional, paid by the student. An optional coverage 
for sickness may be obtained by paying an addi- 
tional fee. 



MINORITY STUDENTS 

As evidence of its active commitment to recruit 
and encourage minority students, Eckerd sup- 
ports a number of programs in this field. Special 
weekend visits to the campus give minority stu- 
dents who are considering Eckerd College a 
chance to view the college, visit the faculty, live in 
the dorms, and talk with other students. 

The Afro-American Society helps plan a full range 
of programs for its members and the campus 
community, including Black History Month and 
the Black Symposium. The office of Minority Stu- 
dent Affairs is available to provide assistance for 
any special needs of minority students. 

DAY STUDENTS 

Students who are married, are over 22 years of age, 
or who live with their family are provided with cam- 
pus post office boxes to receive communications. 
Opportunities for participation in campus sports, 
activities, cultural events, and student government 
(ECOS), are available to day students and are coor- 
dinated and communicated by the Day Student 
Program. All cars, motorcycles, and bicycles are 
registered by the Physical Plant staff. 




85 



ATHLETICS FOR MEN AND WOMEN ADMISSION 



Eckerd College is a member of the National Collegi- 
ate Athletic Association and the Association for 
Intercollegiate Athletics for Women. Men play a full 
intercollegiate schedule in baseball, basketball, 
cross country, golf, soccer and tennis. Women's 
intercollegiate sports include basketball, crosscoun- 
try, golf, Softball, tennis, and volleyball. Crosscoun- 
try and golf are co-educational sports. The college is 
a member of the Sunshine State Conference, and 
both men and women play NCAA and AIAW Divi- 
sion II competition. 

Intramural sports are organized as competition 
among houses. Day students compete with 
house teams. All students are eligible to partici- 
pate in the wide range of intramural activities, 
which include football, softball, soccer, vol- 
leyball, basketball, tennis, billiards, table tennis, 
street hockey, bowling and chess. In addition, 
sports clubs may be organized around swim- 
ming, sailing, and canoeing. The McArthur 
Physical Education Center houses locker rooms, 
Physical Education faculty offices, two basketball 
courts, a weight room, four badminton courts, 
and three volleyball courts. The campus also has 
tennis courts, a swimming pool, and acres of 
open space where you can practice your golf swing. 
An exercise-fitness course winds through the 
campus. 

At Eckerd College a student may benefit not only 
from traditional competitive team sports and 
intramural programs, but from other pursuits such as 
aerobic dance and New Games. 




Eckerd College seeks academically qualified stu- 
dents of various backgrounds, national and 
ethnic origins. Further, we seek students who 
show evidence of being competent "givers" and 
who therefore show promise for making positive 
contributions to fellow members of the Eckerd 
College community. When you apply, we will 
look at your academic performance in liberal arts 
courses (mathematics, science, social studies, 
language and literature, creative arts). We will 
also consider your performance on the college 
entrance examinations (ACT or SAT). Students 
whose native language is not English can choose 
to replace the ACT or SAT with the TOEFL ex- 
amination. Achievement tests are not required 
but are highly recommended. Your potential for 
personal and academic development is impor- 
tant and in this respect we will look closely at your 
personal essay, record of activities and recom- 
mendations from your counselors or teachers. 
Admissions decisions are made by the Admis- 
sions and Scholarship Committee which includes 
faculty and students. Decisions are made on a 
rolling basis beginning in October and con- 
tinuing through the academic year for the follow- 
ing fall. Students considering mid-year admission 
for either winter term (January) or spring semes- 
ter (February) are advised to complete applica- 
tion procedures by December 1. Applicants for 
fall entry should complete procedures by April 1 . 

FRESHMAN ADMISSION 

High school Juniors and Seniors considering 
Eckerd College should have taken a college pre- 
paratory curriculum. Our preference is for stu- 
dents who have taken four units of English, three 
or more units each of mathematics, sciences and 
social studies, and at least two units of a foreign 
language. Although no single criterion is used as a 
determinant for acceptance and we have no auto- 
matic "cutoff" points, the great majority of stu- 
dents who gain admission to Eckerd College have 
a high school average of B or better in their col- 
lege preparatory courses and have scored in the 
top 30 percent of college-bound students taking 
the ACT or SAT. 



86 



APPLICATION PROCEDURES 
FOR FRESHMEN 

1. Request application forms in Junior year or 
early in Senior year from Dean of Admissions. 

2. Complete and return your application to the 
Dean of Admissions, with an application fee of 
$15 (non-refundable) at least two months prior to 
the desired entrance date. Students who are 
financially unable to pay the $15 application fee 
will have the fee waived upon request. 

3. Request the guidance department of the 
secondary school from which you will be gradu- 
ated to send an academic transcript and personal 
recommendation to: Dean of Admissions, 
Eckerd College, Box12560, St. Petersburg, Florida 
33733. 

4. Arrange to take the Scholastic Aptitude Test, 
offered by the College Entrance Examination 
Board or the ACT Test Battery, offered by the 
American College Testing Program. Take your 
test in spring of Junior year or early fall of Senior 
year. 

TRANSFER ADMISSION 

Eckerd College welcomes students from other 
fully accredited colleges, universities, junior and 
community colleges. Applicants are expected to 
be in good standingatthe institution lastattended 
and eligible to return to that institution. 

APPLICATION PROCEDURES 
FOR TRANSFER ADMISSION 

1. Complete and return application form to the 
Dean of Admissions with an application feeof $15 
(non-refundable) at least two months prior to the 
desired entrance date (see calendar for various 
entry points). 

2. Request that official college transcripts be sent 
to us from every college or university you have 
attended. 

3. Send us record of college entrance exams (SAT 
or ACT). 

4. Request a letter of recommendation from one 
of your college professors. This may be waived 
upon request for students who have been out of 
college for several years. 

5. If you have been out of high school for less 
than two years, we will need a copy of your high 
school transcript. 

EVALUATION AND AWARDING 
OF TRANSFER CREDIT 

Afteryou have been accepted for admission your 
transcript will be forwarded to the College Reg- 
istrar for credit evaluation. All transfer students 
receiving the Associate in Arts degree from a re- 
gionally accredited college will be admitted with 
Junior standing at Eckerd. 



Applicants who haveearned credits morethanfive 
years ago, or whose earlier academic records are 
unavailable or unusual are requested to direct 
special inquiry to the Admissions Office. 

The transfer of credit from other accredited col- 
leges and universities depends upon the compa- 
rability of the courses taken to those offered at 
Eckerd College and the approval of the academic 
discipline concerned. In general, courses in the 
liberal arts are transferable. Grades below C are 
not acceptable for transfer. 

PROCEDURES AFTER ACCEPTANCE 

All students who have been accepted for admission 
are asked to deposit a $100 acceptance fee, within 
thirty days of acceptance or within thirty days of a 
financial aid award. This fee is refundable until May 
1 for fall applicants, but is not refundable for mid- 
year applicants. Students who are accepted after 
November 15 for mid-year entry or after April 15 for 
fall entry will be expected to reply within fifteen days 
of acceptance with a $100 non-refundable fee. The 
acceptance fee is applied toward tuition costs and 
credited to the student's account. 

A Student Information Form and a Health Form are 
sent to all accepted students. The Student Informa- 
tion Form should be returned within two weeks of 
acceptance or should accompany the acceptance 
fee. This form enables us to begin planning for needs 
of the entering class of residential and commuting 
students. 

The Health Form should be completed by your 
personal physician and forwarded to the Admis- 
sions Office prior to the enrollment date. 



EQUIVALENCY CERTIFICATES 

Students who have not completed a high school 
program but who have taken the General Educa- 
tion Development (GED) examinations may be 
considered for admission. In addition to submit- 
ting GED test scores, students will also need to 
supply ACT or SAT test results. 



ADMISSIONS INTERVIEW 

Students considering Eckerd College are strongly 
urged to visit the campus and have an interview 
with an admissions counselor. We also encour- 
age you to visit a class and meet students and 
faculty members. An interview is not a required 
procedure for admission but is always a most 
beneficial step for you the student, as well as for 
those of us who evaluate your candidacy. 



87 



EARLY ADMISSIONS 

Eckerd College admits students who wish to enter 
college directly after their Junior year in high school. 
In addition to regular application procedures out- 
lined above, early admission candidates must sub- 
mit a personal letter explaining reasons for early 
admission; request two letters of recommendation 
from an English and a mathematics teacher; and 
come to campus for an interview with an admissions 
counselor. 

DEFERRED ADMISSION 

A student who has been accepted for admission 
for a given term may request to defer enrollment 
for up to one year. Requests should be addressed 
to the Dean of Admissions. 

ADVANCED PLACEMENT 

Eckerd College awards course credit on the basis 
of scores on the Advanced Placement Examina- 
tions administered by the College Entrance Ex- 
amination Board. Students who have obtained 
scores of four or five will automatically be 
awarded credit. Scores of three are recorded on 
the student's permanent transcript and are refer- 
red to the faculty of the appropriate discipline for 
recommendations concerning credit. Applicants 
who seek advanced placement should have ex- 
amination results senttothe Dean of Admissions. 

COLLEGE LEVEL 
EXAMINATION PROGRAM 

Course credit will also be awarded on the basis of 
scores received on the College Level Examination 
Program (CLEP). Credit is awarded only for the 
following: 

SCALED 
SCORE FOR MAXIMUM 
AWARDING SEMESTER 
EXAMINATION CREDIT CREDIT 



Algebra-Trigonometry 


55 


4 hours 


American Government 


55 


4 hours 


American History 1 


55 


4 hours 


American History II 


55 


4 hours 


American Literature 


55 


4 hours 


Biology 


55 


8 hours 


Chemistry 


55 


8 hours 


College Composition 


55 


8 hours 


Educational Psychology 


55 


4 hours 


General Psychology 


55 


4 hours 


Introductory Accounting 


55 


4 hours 


Introductory Calculus 


55 


8 hours 


Introductory Economics 


55 


8 hours 


Introductory Sociology 


55 


4 hours 


Western Civilization 1 


55 


4 hours 


Western Civilization II 


55 


4 hours 



CLEP results should be sent to the Dean of 
Admissions. 



INTERNATIONAL STUDENT 
ADMISSION 

Eckerd College enrolls students from approx- 
imately thirty-seven countries. Some are native 
speakersof English; manyarenot. In all cases, the 
Admissions and Scholarship Committee gives 
special attention to the evaluation of students 
who have completed their secondary education 
abroad. Candidates whose native language is not 
English should submittheTOEFLscores in lieu of 
SAT or ACT scores. Ordinarily international stu- 
dents will not be admitted unless they score a 
minimum of 550 on the TOEFL exam and /or com- 
plete level 109 instruction in the English Language 
Services (ELS) program. 

APPLICATION PROCEDURE FOR 
INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS 

1. Complete and return the application form 
with an application fee of $15 (non-refundable) at 
least three months prior to the desired entrance 
date. 

2. Request that official secondary school records 
be sent to us. We will need to receive an explana- 
tion of the grading system. 

3. Transfer applicants should submit official uni- 
versity records with an explanation of the grading 
system. 

4. Results of the Test of English as a Foreign Lan- 
guage (TOEFL) for non-native students of English 
should be submitted. Others are urged to take 
SAT or ACT. 

5. Complete a certified statement of financial re- 
sponsibility indicating that adequate funds are 
available to cover educational costs. 



INTERNATIONAL DIPLOMAS 

The following international diplomas are 
accepted for consideration of admission with 
advanced standing: 

The General Certificate of Education of the British 
Commonwealth. Students with successful scores 
in at least three "0" levels and two "A" levels may 
be considered for advanced placement. 

The International Baccalaureate Diploma may 

qualify a candidate for placement as a Sophomore. 

READMISSION OF STUDENTS 

If you have previously enrolled at Eckerd College 
and wish to return you should write or call the 
Dean of Students office. It will not be necessary 
for you to go through Admission procedures 
again. However, if you have been enrolled at 
another college or university you will need to 
submit a transcript of courses taken there. 



88 



FINANCIAL AID 

All students accepted for admission to Eckerd 
College who are U.S. citizens or permanent resi- 
dents are eligible to receive aid if they demon- 
strate financial need. For institutional awards pri- 
ority is given on the basis of grades, test scores, 
recommendations, and special talents. Most stu- 
dents receive an "aid package" consisting of 
scholarship, grant, loan, and campus employ- 
ment. In many cases, the financial aid package 
offered to a student may reduce out-of-pocket 
tuition payment to less than would be paid at a 
state col lege or university. Eckerd College is near- 
ly always able to help a student develop financial 
plans that will make attendance possible. 

APPLICATION PROCEDURE 
FOR FINANCIAL AID 

Decisions regarding financial assistance can be 
made immediately upon admission to the col- 
lege, and receipt of the necessary financial aid 
credentials: Financial Aid Form (FAF) of the Col- 
lege Scholarship Service or the Family Financial 
Statement (FFS) of the American Testing Service. 

Transfer students must submit a Financial Aid 
Transcript from each prior school regardless of 
whether aid was received. The forms may be 
obtained from the Eckerd College Financial Aid 
office and must be returned before an award may 
be released. 

Any student who has resided in Florida for 24 
consecutive months should complete and file an 
application for a Florida Student Assistance 
Grant. Application is made through the submis- 
sion of the FFS or FAF by answering the appropri- 
ate Florida questions. 

Many of the sources of financial aid administered by 
Eckerd College are controlled by governmental 
agencies external to the college. Examples of pro- 
grams of this type are Pell Grants, formerly known as 
Basic Educational Opportunity Grants (BEOG), Sup- 
plemental Educational Opportunity Grants (SEOG), 
Florida Student Assistance Grants (FSAG), Florida 
Tuition Voucher, Guaranteed Student Loans, 
National Direct Student Loans (NDSL), and the Col- 
lege Work Study Program (CWSP). To receive a 
current pamphlet concerning these programs, write 
or contact the Office of Financial Aid, Eckerd Col- 
lege, St. Petersburg, Florida 33733 for the most cur- 
rent information concerning these programs. 

To be considered for any financial aid through 
Eckerd College, whether the merit awards listed 
in this catalog or any other need-based assistance 
from the college or federal and state govern- 
ments, it is necessary that you submit an Amer- 



ican College Testing Family Financial Statement 
(FFS) or the College Scholarship Service Financial 
Aid Form (FAF). These forms are available in the 
guidance department of the school you are cur- 
rently attending. It is important to mail the FFS or 
FAF by March 1 . 1 ndicate on the form that a copy of 
the analysis be sent to Eckerd College, check the 
appropriate boxes for Pell Grant and FSAG, and 
include the fee as indicated. 



FINANCIAL AID STANDARDS OF 
SATISFACTORY PROGRESS 

Certain financial aid programs require special 
academic achievements for renewal as follows: 

1. Institutional 

2.0 Cumulative GPA 
Church and Campus 
Eckerd College Grant 
Faculty Tuition Remission 
Ministerial Courtesy 
Special Talent 
3.0 Cumulative GPA 
Eckerd College Honors 
National Merit Special Honors 
Thomas Presidential Scholarship 
3.2 Cumulative GPA 
Selby Scholarship 

2. Florida Programs 

(a) Florida Academic Scholars: 3.2 Cum. GPA and 
24 semester hours per year; up to 8 semesters 

(b) Florida College Career Work Experience Prog- 
ram: 2.0 Cum. GPA 

(c) Florida Student Assistance Grant: 2.0 Cum. 
GPA and 24 semester hours per year; up to 8 
semesters. 

(d) Florida Tuition Voucher: 2.0 Cum. GPA: up to 
8 semesters. 

In addition, all financial aid recipients must abide by 
Eckerd College's satisfactory academic progress 
standards to continue receiving assistance. If you are 
placed on probation by the Academic Review Com- 
mittee you will automatically be placed on financial 
aid probation, but may continue receiving assist- 
ance. If you are dismissed by the Academic Review 
Committee, you may no longer receive assistance. 
Guidelines concerning probation, dismissal and 
reinstatement are outlined in the catalog in the sec- 
tion entitled "Standards of Satisfactory Academic 
Progress." Appeals to financial aid probation and 
dismissal may be addressed to the Financial Aid 
Appeals Committee which will act in consultation 
with the Academic Review Committee. 



89 



ECKERD COLLEGE 
SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAMS 

PRESIDENTIAL SCHOLARSHIPS 

The Thomas Presidential Scholarships are a recogni- 
tion of outstanding merit without regard to financial 
need. Each year twenty Freshmen are selected to 
receive a $6,000 scholarship, renewable each year 
for a total of $24,000 if the student maintains a 3.0 
grade point average. Students in the top 20 percent 
of their high school are encouraged to apply. Selec- 
tion criteria for this award include academic 
achievement, creative talent and character. Ap- 
plication deadline is March 1. A separate applica- 
tion is required and is available on request. 

SPECIAL HONORS SCHOLARSHIPS 

The Eckerd College Special Honors Scholarship 
Program provides fifty full tuition awards to finalists 
and semifinalists in the National Merit and National 
Achievement Scholarship Programs. The value of 
this award is in excess of $7,300 per year, and 
in excess of $29,000 for four years if the stu- 
dent maintains a 3.0 grade point average. A stu- 
dent designated a semifinalist in one of these 
programs should make application for admis- 
sion to Eckerd College no later than March 1. 

HONORS SCHOLARSHIPS 

The Eckerd College Honors Scholarships seek to 
recognize the forty most outstanding applicants for 
admission (Freshmen and transfers). Scholarship 
finalists will be selected from among all applicants 
for admission without regard to financial need. A 
student receiving an Honors Scholarship may re- 
ceive up to $4,000 yearly. The scholarship is renew- 
able if the student maintains a 3.0 grade point aver- 
age. No separate application is required; however, 
for priority consideration students should apply for 
admission no later than March 1. 

ECKERD COLLEGE 

SPECIAL TALENT SCHOLARSHIPS 

The Eckerd College Special Talent Scholarships 
provide recognition and encouragement to stu- 
dents who have excelled in a particular area of 
endeavor. All students accepted for admission 
are eligible to compete for these scholarships. 
Awards will be made on the basis of outstanding 
talent or achievement in any of the following 
areas: 

a) achievement in math, science, English, social 
studies, behavioral sciences, foreign lan- 
guages or any specific area of academic pur- 
suit; 

b) special talent in the creative arts — music, 
theatre, art, writing, etc; 

90 



c) special achievement in international education, 
including participation in AFS or Rotary student 
exchange programs; 

d) demonstrated leadership and service in student, 
community or church organizations; 

e) special talent in men's or women's athletic com- 
petition. 

Special Talent Scholarship winners may receive 
up to $3,200 yearly. The scholarship is renew- 
able for students with a 2.0 cumulative grade 
point average following formal recommenda- 
tion by those qualified to evaluate the appropri- 
ate special talent. No separate application is re- 
quired but for priority consideration students 
should apply for admission prior to March 1 and 
submit the following: 

a) Financial Aid Form (FAF), or Family Financial 
Statement (FFS); 

b) letter of recommendation from teacher, advi- 
sor or coach directly involved in student's 
achievement area; 

c) additional materialsthestudentwishes to sub- 
mit in support of his or her credentials. 

CHURCH AND 
CAMPUS SCHOLARSHIPS 

The Eckerd College Church and Campus Schol- 
arships are a recognition of merit for fifty new 
Presbyterian students per year who have been 
recommended by their pastor and possess traits 
of character, leadership and academic ability 
which in the pastor's opinion demonstrate the 
promise to become outstanding Christian 
citizens — either as a lay person or a minister. 
Students recommended by their pastor who be- 
come recipients of a Church and Campus Schol- 
arship will receive a grant up to $2,400 to be used 
during the Freshman year. The award is renewable 
annually on the basis of demonstrated academic, 
leadership and service achievement, and a cumula- 
tive grade point average of at least 2.0. This award is 
not based on financial need. Scholarship winners 
may apply for supplemental financial aid. More 
scholarship details and nomination forms are avail- 
able on request. 

ENDOWED SCHOLARSHIPS 

Endowed scholarship funds have been established 

by the gifts of those listed below or by the gifts of 

others in their honor. 

Elza Edwin and Gretchen R. Artman, established in 

1969. 

Margaret S. Bach Memorial, established in 1984. 

W. Frank and Jo Byars, established in 1983, 

awarded annually to outstanding students selected 

on the basis of academic ability, leadership, and 

service. 

Paul and Grace Creswell Memorial, established in 

1962. 



Carl Peter Damm Memorial, established in 1963. 
Betty Jane Dimmitt Memorial, established in 1983. 
Jack Eckerd, established in 1984. 
Kennedy Eckerd Athletic, established in 1973, 
awarded annually to selected scholar athletes. 
Robert B. Hamilton, established in 1959, awarded 
annually to a student with financial need. 
Ben Hill Griffin, Jr., established in 1 982, five schol- 
ars named annually on the basis of strong academic 
achievement and leadership skills. 
Home Federal Bank, established in 1983, awarded 
annually to a Junior or Senior majoring in Manage- 
ment. 

Hope Presbyterian Church, established in 1962. 
Lowery Howell Memorial, established in 1975. 
Robert A. James Memorial, established in 1983, 
awarded annually to an incoming Freshman with 
outstanding academic ability, leadership skills, and 
exceptional performance in either tennis, golf, or 
cross-country. 

Howard M. Johnson, established in 1975, awarded 
annually to outstanding needy students. 
Oscar Kreutz, established in 1984, awarded annual- 
ly to students who are members of First Presbyterian 
Church, St. Petersburg. 
Fanny Knistrom, established in 1974. 
Al Lang and Katherine Fogan Lang, established in 

1959, partial scholarships awarded annually to stu- 
dents from the St. Petersburg area who show excep- 
tional promise and demonstrate financial need. 
Margaret Fahl Lofstrand Memorial, established in 
1 976, awarded annually to outstanding female stu- 
dents. 

Frida B. Marx Memorial, established in 1984, 
annual award to student designated by Delta Phi 
Alpha, German honorary fraternity, for overseas 
study in Germany. 
Emily A. and Albert W. Mathison, established in 

1960, awarded annually on the basis of academic 
achievement, character, and financial need with 
preference given to students from outside of Florida, 
including international students. 

Margaret Curry May, established in 1964. 
George F. and Asha W. McMillan, established in 
1 959, awarded annually to a pre-ministerial student. 
Glenn W. Morrison Memorial, established in 1 969, 
awarded annually to a music student selected by the 
music discipline. 

Oominick J. and Maude B. Potter, established in 
1978, awarded annually to outstanding students 
from high schools in St. Petersburg who demonstrate 
financial need. 

R.ARitter, established in 1968, awarded annually to 
a son or daughter of an employee of the Ritter 
FinanceCompany of Wyncote, Pennsylvania; other- 
wise to a student from Pennsylvania. 
Kathleen Anne Rome, established in 1 971 , awarded 
annually to science students on the basis of scholas- 
tic aptitude, financial need, and compassion for 
humanity. 

Edna Sparling, established in 1976. 
Ruth and Robert Stevenson, established in 1967. 



Thomas Presidential, established in 1973 by Mrs. 

Mildred Ferris, awarded annually on a competitive 

basis to the 20 most outstanding entering Freshmen. 

William Bell Tippetts Memorial, established in 

1960. 

J.J. Williams, Jr., established in 1959 by Mr. and 

Mrs. J.J. Williams, Jr. to support candidates for the 

Presbyterian ministry. 

Ross E. Wilson, established in 1974. 

John W. Woodward Memorial, established in 1 967, 

awarded annually with preference given to students 

from Gadsden County, Florida. 

Bruce R. Zemp Memorial Honors, established in 

1983, awarded annually to a Junior majoring in 

Management. 

SCHOLARSHIPS SUPPORTED BY 
ANNUAL GIFTS AND GRANTS 

Alumni, established in 1982 by contributions from 
alumni, and allocated by the Board of Trustees for 
scholarship purposes. 

W. Paul Bateman, established in 1978, provides 
annual scholarships for outstanding male students. 
Conn Memorial Foundation, established in 1973, 
annual awards based upon character, academic 
standing, and financial need. 
Clearwater Central Catholic High School, estab- 
lished in 1 981 , annual awards to outstanding gradu- 
ates of Central Catholic High School in Clearwater, 
Florida, made possible through gifts of an anony- 
mous donor. 

Florida Foundation of Future Scientists, awarded 
annually to the winners of the Florida State Science 
and Engineering Fair who enroll at Eckerd College. 
Rotary Club of West St. Petersburg, established in 
1973. 

Helena Rubenstein Foundation, established in 
1972, awarded annually to an outstanding female 
science student. 

Selby Foundation, established in 1968, awarded 
annually to outstanding students from the State of 
Florida, with preference given to residents of Sara- 
sota and Manatee Counties. 
Milton Roy Sheen Memorial, established in 1960, 
awarded annually with preference given to sons or 
daughters of employees of the Milton Roy Company. 
Thomas A. Watson, established in 1982, awarded 
annually to an outstanding minority student from the 
Ft. Wayne, Indiana area. 

GRANT PROGRAMS 

Grants are non-repayable awards made to stu- 
dents on the basis of specific criteria or skills 
within the limits of demonstrated financial need. 
Two important sources of grant funds are the 
federal government and state governments. 



91 



PELL GRANTS 

(formerly BASIC EDUCATIONAL 

OPPORTUNITY GRANTS) 

These grants are awarded from federal funds by 
the Office of Education. Awards are based upon 
need and range from approximately $200 to 
$2,100 depending on federal funding. Applica- 
tion is made through the submission of the FAF 
or FFS by checking the Pell box. The student 
must submit the Student Aid Report to the Fi- 
nancial Aid Office. The student's account will 
then be credited for the amount of the student's 
eligibility. 

SUPPLEMENTAL 
EDUCATIONAL 
OPPORTUNITY GRANTS 

These grants are awarded from federal funds and 
administered by the college. They are limited at 
Eckerd College to students with exceptional 
financial need. Application is made through the 
submission of the FAF or FFS form. 



OTHER SOURCES OF AID 
SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS 

Inquiries relating to Social Security benefits 
should be directed to the student's local Social 
Security Office. The Office of the Registrar will 
submit enrollment certificates issued by the So- 
cial Security Administration for eligible students, 
providing the student registers as full-time. It is 
the student's responsibility to notify the Social 
Security Administration when enrollment ceases to 
be full-time. 



VETERANS' BENEFITS 

Eckerd College is approved for the education and 
training of veterans, service members, and de- 
pendents of veterans eligible for benefit under 
theG.I. Bill. Students who may beeligibleforV.A. 
benefits are urged to contact their local V.A. 
Office as soon as accepted by the college, and 
must file an application for benefits through the 
Office of the Registrar. No certification can be 
made until the application is on file. Since the first 
checks each year are often delayed, it is advisable 
for the veteran to be prepared to meet all ex- 
penses for about two months. There are special 
V.A. regulations regarding independent study, 
audit courses, standards of progress, special stu- 
dent enrollment, dual enrollment in two schools, 
andsummerenrollment. It is the student's respon- 
sibility to inquire concerning special regulations and 
to report any change in status which affects the rate 
of benefits. 



FLORIDA STUDENT 
ASSISTANCE GRANTS 

The Florida Student Assistance Grants (FSAG) are 
awarded on the basis of demonstrated financial need 
to two-year residents of Florida who attend college 
in the state. These grants may range up to a max- 
imum of $1,200, depending on the demonstrated 
need of the applicant and the availability of funds. 
For renewal the recipient must earn a 2.0 cumulative 
grade point average and complete 24 credit hours 
during the prior academic year. Application is made 
through the submission of the FAF or FFS by answer- 
ing the Florida section and enclosing the appropriate 
fee. 



TUITION EQUALIZATION 
VOUCHER 

The Tuition Equalization Voucher program was 
established by the State of Florida for residents of the 
state who enroll in private colleges or universities in 
Florida. The program provides up to $750 per year 
regardless of financial need to help defray the cost of 
tuition at Eckerd College. To qualify, a student must 
have resided in Florida for at least two years and 
must maintain a 2.0 cumulative grade point average. 
An application upon enrollment must be submitted 
to the Financial Aid Office. 

COLLEGE LEVEL ACADEMIC SKILLS 
TEST 

In order to be eligible to receive financial aid as 
Juniors and Seniors under programs funded by the 
State of Florida (Florida Student Assistance Grants, 
Tuition Equalization Vouchers, etc.), students who 
are Florida residents must pass the College Level 
Academic Skills Test (CLAST) by the end of the Soph- 
omore year. More detailed information about CLAST 
is available from the Career Services Office. 

ECKERD COLLEGE GRANTS 

These grants are available to students who rank in 
the upper one-half of their graduating class and dem- 
onstrate financial need. Achievement in various cur- 
ricular and co-curricular activities is considered. 
Special consideration is given to the sons and daugh- 
ters of Presbyterian ministers or missionaries in rec- 
ognition of the institution's Presbyterian heritage and 
relationships. Renewal of Eckerd College Grants re- 
quires a 2.0 cumulative grade point average. 

LOAN PROGRAMS 

Many families whose current income and savings 
are not sufficient to finance college expenditures 
borrow funds through low interest educational 
loans to supplement their financing plans. 



92 



GUARANTEED STUDENT LOANS 

Guaranteed student loans are available from local 
banks and lending agencies. Depending upon 
eligibility, students may borrow up to $2,500 per 
year not to exceed $12,500 in their undergraduate 
work for educational expenses. Students must 
submit a FAF or FFS, or a GSL Needs Test Form to 
establish eligibility according to the current 
federal guidelines for family income. The interest is 
eight percent for new borrowers, and new borrowers 
have a six months grace period following termina- 
tion of at least half-time school attendance before 
repayment must begin. Repayment following the 
termination of the grace period will be at least $50 
per month. Deferment from payment is allowed for 
the return to school full-time or for other specified 
conditions. Families interested in the program 
should contact their local banker for a loan applica- 
tion and current information. The processing of 
guaranteed student loan applications requires 
twelve to sixteen weeks. 

NATIONAL DIRECT 
STUDENT LOANS 

The National Direct Student Loan program is ad- 
ministered by the college from federal and college 
funds. To qualify for a NDSL, the student must apply 
to the college and demonstrate financial need. No 
interest will accrue until the beginning of the repay- 
ment period, six months following termination of at 
least half-time school attendance. Interest charges 
during the repayment period are only five percent 
per year on the unpaid balance. 

PLUS LOANS 

Under this program parents may borrow up to 
$3,000 per year to a total of $1 5,000 for each child 
who is enrolled at least half-time. A separate ap- 
plication is required for submission to your lending 
institution. The interest rate is 1 2 percent and repay- 
ment begins within sixty days of receipt of the pro- 
ceeds of the loan. Independent students or parents of 
students who do not qualify for the GSL because of 
family income limitations usually qualify for the 
PLUS Loan. Additional information is available in 
the Financial Aid Office. 

MONTHLY PAYMENT PROGRAMS 

Monthly payments may be arranged by the family 
through one of four different companies. (See page 
.) Contact the Office of Financial Aid, Eckerd 
College for current information. 

INSTITUTIONAL LOANS 

Eckerd College has limited loan funds available, 
usually for temporary emergency situations. For de- 
tails, contact the Financial Aid Office. 



CHURCH, CIVIC, AND BUSINESS 
SCHOLARSHIPS 

In many local communities, scholarships are pro- 
vided each year by various church, civic and busi- 
ness organizations to children of members, citizens, 
and employees. 

EMPLOYMENT 

The Career Services Office assists students in finding 
part-time employment on or off campus. Preference 
is given to students who demonstrate financial need. 
Campus employment opportunities include work as 
a clerk or secretary, a food service employee, a 
custodian or maintenance worker, lifeguard, or a 
laboratory assistant. Information on off-campus jobs 
is available through the Career-Services Office. 

COLLEGE WORK-STUDY PROGRAM 

Students may qualify for this program on the basis of 
need by submitting an FAF or FFS, and may work 
on-campus seven to ten hours per week at the cur- 
rent minimum wage. 

FLORIDA COLLEGE CAREER WORK 
EXPERIENCE PROGRAM 

A student who is a Florida resident enrol led full-time 
and who demonstrates need may qualify for this 
work program. Jobs are available on and off campus 
and must be career related. Wages and hours may 
vary; the State of Florida will reimburse the student's 
employer for fifty percent of the wages. The Career 
Services office will assist with placement and with 
the completion of a special contract. 

RENEWAL CRITERIA 

Financial aid to a student at Eckerd College may be 
renewable on an annual basis. All Eckerd College 
grants and most aid from other sources require a 
minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.0 for 
renewal. A need analysis must be completed each 
year prior to March 1 for the following academic 
year. All students who are eligible to return for a 
subsequent year (except international students re- 
quiring I-20 forms) are eligible for consideration for 
need-based financial aid. Awards from all sources 
may vary from year to year based upon criteria estab- 
lished by the college and other private or public 
agencies. Appeals for financial aid awards may be 
made in writing to the Financial Aid Appeals Com- 
mittee. 



93 



EXPENSES 

Eckerd College is a private, non-tax-supported 
institution. Tuition and fees pay only a portion 
(approximately 62 percent) of the educational 
costs per student. Thanks to the support of 
donors, the balance of costs is paid from endow- 
ment income and gifts from individuals, the Pres- 
byterian Churches, and various corporations. 

The following schedules list the principal expenses 
and regulations concerning the payment of fees for 
the academic year 1985-86. All fees and ex- 
penses listed below are those in effect at the 
time of publication of the catalog. They are sub- 
ject to change by the action of the Board of 
Trustees. When such changes are made, notice 
will be given as far in advance as possible. 

COMPREHENSIVE CHARGES 

The annual fees for full-time students for the 
1985-86 academic year include two semesters 
and one short term (autumn term for Freshmen, 
winter term for upperclassmen). 

Resident Commuter 

Tuition $7365' $7365 

Room and Board 2890 2 

Total $10255 $7365 

'The full-time tuition fees cover a maximum of ten (10) 
course registrations plus one short term during the 
academic year provided that no more than five courses are 
taken per semester. Students registering for more than five 
courses per semester or ten courses per year plus a short 
term course will be charged an additional tuition of 
$805 per course. A student registering for a year- 
long course may register for six courses in one se- 
mester and four in the other with no additional 
charge. 

'Students with home addresses outside the immediate 
vicinity of the college are requested to live on campus. 
Exceptions to the requirement may be made with the 
approval of the Director of Housing. Since resident stu- 
dents are required to participate in the board plan, all 
resident students wi 1 1 be charged for both room and board . 

AStudents' Organization Fee of approximately $1 10 
per academic year is collected in addition to the 
above charges. Cost of books and supplies will be in 
the neighborhood of $250. 



TUITION AND TERM FEES 

Tuition (full-time) per semester: $3,280.00 

Tuition, autumn or winter term: $ 805.00 

Students' Organization Fee, per year: $ 110.00 

ROOM AND BOARD 

Fall and 
Room short term Spring 

Double occupancy, each $ 685 $ 530 
Double room 

single occupancy 1,370 1,060 

Single room 1,025 735 

Base room rate ($685 and $530) has been in- 
cluded in Comprehensive Charges. Charges 
above the base rate for single occupancy of dou- 
ble room or for single room will be added to 
Comprehensive Charges. 
Room Damage Deposit: $27.00. This deposit is re- 
quired in anticipation of any damage which may be 
done to a dormitory room. If damage is in excess of 
the deposit, the balance will be charged to the stu- 
dent's account. Any balance left of the deposit will 
be refunded to the student upon leaving college. 

Fall and 

Board short term Spring 

21 meal plan: $935 $740 

15 meal plan: 855 675 

10 meal plan: 755 600 

FEE FOR PART-TIME STUDENTS 

Tuition per course: $805.00 

Students are considered part-time when they enroll 
for fewer than three courses per semester. 



OVERLOAD FEE 

Tuition per course: 



$805.00 



Fee for students enrolling in more than five courses 
per semester or ten courses per year plus a short 
term. 

AUDITOR'S FEE 

Tuition per course (no credit 
or evaluation) $210.00 

Full-time students may audit courses without fee 
with the permission of the instructor. 



94 



FEES FOR SPECIAL PRIVILEGE 

Late payment after registration day: 

Amount of 

Unpaid Fees If Paid Late Charge 



0-$ 100.00 


Within 30 days after 






registration day 





0-$100.00 


After 30 days from 




$101.00-$!, 000 


registration day 


$50.00 


Over $1,000 


After registration day 


$50.00 




After registration day 


$100.00 



Late readmission: $10.00 

Late preregistration: $30.00 

Late physical examination (for new students who have 

not had physical examination by registration day) : $50.00 

MISCELLANEOUS FEES 

Acceptance Fee (new students): $100.00 

A fee required of new students upon acceptance by 
Eckerd College. This fee is not refundable and will be 
applied against the comprehensive charge. 

Accident Insurance (optional): to be announced 

An extension of accident insurance to 12 months 
(nine months is included in comprehensive 
charges). This may be purchased without health 
insurance. 

Application Fee (new students): $15.00 

This fee accompanies the application for admission 
submitted by new students. 

Credit by Examination Fee: $420.00 

A fee for an examination to determine proficiency in 
a particular subject to receive coufse credit. 

Health insurance (optional): to be announced 

Full twelve months of health insurance isavailable to 
all students upon completion of forms. The full 
twelve months of accident insurance is mandatory 
for all students desiring health insurance and is in- 
cluded in this fee. 

Lost Key Fee: $30.00 

Resident students are issued keys to their rooms. 
The fee for replacing a lost key is $30.00 

Orientation Fee (Freshmen only): $37.00 

This fee partially covers the additional cost of special 
orientation activities provided for Freshmen. 

Readmission Fee: $25.00 

This fee is required for each student returning for the 
succeeding academic year in order to hold the stu- 
dent's place in the next entering class and to reserve 
a room for each resident student. The fee will be 
applied against the comprehensive charge. 

Re-Examination Fee: $115.00 

A fee for a re-examination of course material. 



Transcript Fee: $2.00 

After an initial free transcript there is a $2.00 charge 
per transcript. 

Transfer Students Orientation Fee: $10.00 

Applied Music Fees 

These fees apply even though music lessons are not 
taken for credit, and are fees in addition to regular 
tuition charges. 

Semester Year 

One hour per week $285.00 $570.00 

One half hour per week $143.00 $285.00 

STUDENT INSURANCE 

Each full-time student is automatically covered by 
group accident insurance for the academic year 
(nine months) with Credit Life Group, at no addition- 
al cost to the parents of the student. An extension of 
this accident insurance to cover the additional three- 
month period of the summer is available at a pre- 
mium to be announced. An optional health-sickness 
policy is available, which would cover a twelve- 
month period. However, if the health-sickness poli- 
cy is subscribed to for the period, it is compulsory to 
subscribe to the accident extension insurance for the 
additional summer three months at a fee to be 
announced for the combination. This is strongly re- 
commended for all students and required for interna- 
tional students. The intent of this coverage is to 
supplement student's family policy coverage. Pa- 
rents are advised to check any off-premise coverage 
for fire or theft that may be provided under their own 
policies. 

HEALTH AND ACCIDENT 
INSURANCE FOR 
INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS 

Occasionally international students, while study- 
ing at Eckerd College, will require medical atten- 
tion through local doctors, hospitals and clinics. 
To protect our international students from large 
medical bills while they are students at Eckerd, we 
require that all international students subscribe 
to a Health and Accident Insurance Policy. The 
cost of this insurance policy is $65 per year.* The 
cost will be added to the college bill of the interna- 
tional student, and will be due and payable at the 
time of registration at Eckerd College. The cover- 
age available through this policy protects the stu- 
dent for the full twelve months of the calendar 
year. The policy premium must be paid at registra- 
tion for the first term at which the student arrives 
at Eckerd College, and then at registration for 
each subsequent Fall Semester. 

This amount is subject to change. 



95 



METHODS OF PAYMENT 

Students should come prepared to pay all charges 
on the day of registration or should have pay- 
ments from home mailed to reach Eckerd College 
Business Office at leasttwoweekspriortothedate 
of registration. No student shall be permitted to 
register for a given semester until all indebted- 
ness for prior terms has been paid in full. 

Students who have unpaid bills at the college are 
subject to dismissal from the college and, as long 
as such payments remain unpaid, may not receive 
transcripts of credit or any diploma. 

Eckerd College does not have a deferred payment 
plan. Students desiring monthly payment plans must 
make arrangements through one of the following 
companies. 

American Management Services, Inc. 
1110 Central Avenue 
Pawtucket, Rhode Island 02861 

Education Funds, Inc. 
EFI — Fund Management Corporation 
Presidential Plaza, Suite 3200 
Chicago, Illinois 60601 

Insured Tuition Payment Plan 
Attention: R.L. Bounds, C.L.U. 
1100 Universal Marion Building 
21 West Church Street 
Jacksonville, Florida 32202 

The Tuition Plan, Inc. 
Concord, New Hampshire 03301 

All arrangements and contracts are made directly 
between the parent and the tuition financing 
company. 

POLICY ON REFUNDS 

Students withdrawing within 25 days of the first 
class of any semester for reasons approved by the 
college will receive tuition refunds for that 
semester as follows: 

Within 7 days 75% 

Within 15 days 50% 

Within 25 days 25% 

After 25 days no refund 

Students withdrawing within 15 calendar days of 
the first class day of any short term (autumn term 
or winter term) will receive tuition refunds for 
that term as follows: 

Within 7 calendar days 50% 

Within 15 calendar days 25% 

After 15 days no refund 

Room charges for resident students are not re- 
fundable. Unused portion of meal tickets will be 
refunded on a pro-rata basis. 



Whenever a student is required to withdraw be- 
causeof unsatisfactory conduct, no refund will be 
made. 

Norefundswillbemadetowithdrawingstudents 
until the withdrawal process is completed. 

WITHDRAWAL AND REFUND OF 
AID TO FEDERAL AND ECKERD 
COLLEGE FINANCIAL AID 
ACCOUNTS 

If a student's withdrawal from Eckerd College results 
in cancelled charges of tuition, fees, or meals and if 
financial aid has been used to pay all or any portion 
of the charges, the federal financial aid programs 
from which the funds were awarded will be refunded 
first according to federal regulations. Also, if a stu- 
dent withdraws at any time during a semester, all 
Eckerd College grants/scholarship funds will be re- 
stored 100 percent- to the college accounts. The 
above policies may result in a financial obligation 
which is payable at the time of withdrawal. 

Each student who withdraws must contact the Eck- 
erd College Student Loan Office to finalize any insti- 
tutional loan or financial obligation. 



96 




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97 



THE FACULTY OF ECKERD COLLEGE 



Faculty of the Collegium of 
Behavioral Science 

William E. Winston 

Chair, Behavioral Science Collegium 

Associate Professor of Sociology 

B.A., Central Washington University 

M.A., Ph.D., Washington State 
University 
Joseph M. Bearson 

Associate Professor of Marketing 

B.A., Brandeis University 

M.B.A., Columbia University 
Salvatore Capobianco 

Associate Professor of Psychology 

B.A., M.A., University of Kansas 

Ph.D., Rutgers University 
Theodore M. Dembroski 

Professor of Psychology 

B.S., Ph.D., University of Houston 
Ted Dowd 

Associate Professor of Management 
and Finance 

B.C.E., University of Nebraska 

M.S.B.A., D.B.A., 
The George Washington University 
Michael G. Flaherty 

Assistant Professor of Sociology 

B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of 
South Florida 
Diana L. Fuguitt 

Assistant Professor of Economics 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., Ph.D., Rice University 
Peter K. Hammerschmidt 

Associate Professor of Economics 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D., Colorado State 
University 
James R. Harley 

Associate Professor of Physical 
Education 

Director of Athletics 

B.S., Georgia Teachers College 

M.A., George Peabody College 
John Patrick Henry 

Assistant Professor of Sociology 

B.S., University of South Carolina 

M.A., Ph.D., University 
of Massachusetts 
Jeffrey A. Howard 

Assistant Professor of Psychology 

B.A., Valparaiso University 

M.S., Ph.D., Kansas State University 
Robert H. Lyon 

Assistant Professor of Accounting 
and Finance 

B.A., Montclair State College 

M.B.A., Seton Hall University 

C.P.A., Florida 
James M. MacDougall 

Professor of Psychology 

B.S., Highlands University, 
New Mexico 

M.A., Ph.D., Kansas State University 



John P. Mayotte 

Assistant Professor of Physical 
Education 

B.S., Castleton State College 

M.S., College of St. Rose 

M.A., University of South Florida 
Anne A. Murphy 

Professor of Political Science 

B.A., College of Wooster 

B.D., Yale Divinity School 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
Tom Oberhofer 

Professor of Economics 

B.S., Fordham University 

M.A., Ph.D., Rutgers University 
George S. Odiorne 

The Harold D. Holder 
Professor of Management 

B.S., Rutgers University 

M.B.A., Ph.D., New York University 
Edward I. Stevens 

Associate Professor of 

Management Information Systems 

B.A., Davidson College 

M. Div., Harvard Divinity School 

Ph. D., Vanderbilt University 
Claud R. Sutcliffe 

Associate Professor of Political 
Science 

B.A., Pomona College 

M.A., Ph.D., Princeton University 
Robert B. Tebbs 

Professor of Industrial and 

Organizational Behavior 
B.A., University of Colorado 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Wyoming 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Comparative Cultures 

Dudley E. DeGroot 

Chair, Comparative Cultures 

Collegium 
Professor of Anthropology 
B.A., University of West Virginia 
M.A., University of New Mexico 
Ph.D., Ohio State University 
Frank M. Figueroa 
Professor of Spanish and Hispanic 

Area Studies 
B.S., Seton Hall University 
M.A., Ed.D., Columbia University 

Teachers College 
Henry E. Genz 
Professor of French Language and 

Literature 
B.A., Emory University 
M.A., University of Wisconsin 
Ph.D., Case Western Reserve 

University 
Gilbert L. Johnston 

Professor of Asian Studies 

and Religion 
B.A., Cornell University 
M.Div., Princeton Theological 

Seminary 
Ph.D., Harvard University 



Kenneth E. Keeton 

Professor of German Language and 
Literature 

B.A., Georgetown College 

M.A., University of Kentucky 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
Vivian A. Parsons 

Assistant Professor of Russian 

B.A., Brandeis University 

M.A.T., Harvard University 
William H. Parsons 

Professor of History 
and Russian Studies 

B.A., Grinnell College 

M.A., Harvard University 

Ph.D., Indiana University 
Hendrick Serrie 

Associate Professor of Anthropology 

B.A., University of Wisconsin 

M.A., Ph.D., Northwestern University 
Pedro N. Trakas 

Professor of Spanish 

B.A., Wofford College 

M.A., Universidad Nacional de 
Mexico 

Ph.D., University of South Carolina 

Litt.D., Wofford College 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Creative Arts 

Molly K. Ransbury 

Chair, Creative Arts 

Collegium 
Professor of Education 
B.S., M.S., State University of 

New York 
Ed.D., Indiana University 

Richard R. Bredenberg 
Professor of Education 
B.A., Dartmouth College 
B.D., S.T.M., Oberlin College 
D.Min., Vanderbilt University 
Ph.D., New York University 

Albert Howard Carter, III 
Professor of Comparative 

Literature and Humanities 
B.A., University of Chicago 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa 

Nancy Corson Carter 
Assistant Professor of Humanities 
B.A., Susquehanna University 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa 

James G. Crane 

Professor of Visual Arts 

B.A., Albion College 

M.A., State University of Iowa 

M.F.A., Michigan State University 

Sarah K. Dean 
Assistant Professor of 
Human Resources 
B.A., Georgetown College 
M.Re., Southern Baptist Theological 

Seminary 
M.A., George Peabody College 
Ed.D., Nova University 



98 



John K. Eckert 

Artist in Residence 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.F.A., Cranbrook Academy of Art 
Joan Osborn Epstein 

Assistant Professor of Music 

B.A., Smith College 

M.M., Yale University School 
of Music 
Margaret L. Malchon 

Director of the 
Counseling Center 

Assistant Professor of 
Human Resources 

B.A., Emory University 

M.R.C., University of Florida 

M.A., Ph.D., University of 
South Florida 
J. Peter Meinke 

Professor of Literature 

B.A., Hamilton College 

M.A., University of Michigan 

Ph.D., University of Minnesota 
Richard A. Rice 

Associate Professor of Theatre 

B.A., University of Denver 

M.A., Columbia University 

Ph.D., University of Utah 
Margaret R. Rigg 

Associate Professor of Visual Arts 

B.A., Florida State University 

M.A., Presbyterian School of 
Christian Education, Richmond 
Arthur N. Skinner 

Assistant Professor of Visual Arts 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.V.A., Georgia State University 
Mark K. Smith 

Professor of Human Resources 

Dean of Students 

B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Ohio State 
University 
Claire A. Stiles 

Assistant Professor of Human 
Resources 

B.S., Rutgers University 

M.A., Southwest Texas State 
University 
William E. Waters 

Professor of Music 

B.A., University of North Carolina 

M.A., College of William and Mary 
Kathryn J. Watson 

Chair, Foundations Collegium 

Assistant Professor of Education 

Director of Teacher Education 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Florida 
V. Sterling Watson 

Assistant Professor of 

Literature and Creative Writing 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., University of Florida 



Andra H. Weddington 

Assistant Professor of Theatre 
B.A., The University of Kansas 
M.A., The University of North Carolina 
M.F.A., The University of California, 

Irvine 
J. Thomas West 

Professor of Psychology and 

Human Resources 
B.S., Davidson College 
M.A., University of North Carolina 
Ph.D., Vanderbilt University 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Letters 

William F. McKee 

Chair, Letters Collegium 
Professor of History 
B.A., College of Wooster 
M.A., Ph.D., University of 
Wisconsin. 
Geraldine B. Blazey 

Director, Composition Program 
B.A., Mary Washington College, 

University of Virginia 
M.A., University of Rochester 
C.S.A., State University of New York 
Jewel Spears Brooker 
Associate Professor of Literature 
B.S., Stetson University 
M.A., Ph.D., University of 
Florida 
Alan W. Carlsten 

Professor of Religious Studies 

and Speech Communications 
B.S., University of Oklahoma 
M.Div., McCormick Theological 
Seminary 
J. Stanley Chesnut 

Professor of Humanities and 

Religion 
B.A., University of Tulsa 
M.Div., McCormick Theological 

Seminary 
M.A., Ph.D., Yale University 
Julienne H. Empric 
Professor of Literature 
B.A., Nazareth College of 

Rochester 
M.A., York University 
Ph.D., University of Notre Dame 
Rejane P. Genz 
Professor of French Language and 

Literature 
B.A., Sillery College, Quebec City 
Licensees lettres, Ph.D., Laval 
University 
Judith M. Green 
Assistant Professor of Philosophy 
B.A., B.A., Michigan State University 
M.A., University of Minnesota 
Keith W. Irwin 

Professor of Philosophy 
B.A., Cornell College 
M.Div., Garrett Theological 
Seminary 



Carolyn Johnston 

Associate Professor of 
American Studies 

B.A., Samford University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of California 
Olivia H. Mclntyre 

Assistant Professor of History 

B.A., Louisiana State University 

M.A., Stanford University 
Peter A. Pav 

Professor of Philosophy 

B.A., Knox College 

M.A., Ph.D., Indiana University 
Felix Rackow 

Professor of Political Science, 
Pre-Law Adviser 

B.S., M.A, Ph.D., Cornell 
University 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Natural Sciences 

William B. Roess 

Chair, Collegium of Natural 

Sciences 
Professor of Biology 
B.S., Blackburn College 
Ph.D., Florida State University 
Wilbur F. Block 
Professor of Physics 
B.S., M.S., Ph.D., 
University of Florida 
Harry W. Ellis 
Associate Professor of Physics 
B.S., Ph.D., Georgia Institute of 
Technology 
John C. Ferguson 
Professor of Biology 
B.A., Duke University 
M.A., Ph.D., Cornell University 
Edmund L. Gallizzi 
Assistant Professor of 
Computer Science 
B.Sc, University of Florida 
M.Sc, Ph.D., University of 
Southwestern Louisiana 
Wayne C. Guida 
Associate Professor of 

Chemistry 
B.A., Ph.D., University of South 
Florida 
Sheila D. Hanes 
Associate Professor of Biology 
B.A., Baylor University 
M.S., University of Illinois 
Ph.D., Ohio University 
Reggie L. Hudson 

Director, Honors Program 
Assistant Professor of Chemistry 
B.A., Pfeiffer College 
Ph.D., University of Tennessee 
George W. Lofquist 

Professor of Mathematics and 

Computer Science 
B.S., University of North Carolina 
M.S., Ph.D., Louisiana State 
University 



99 



Billy H. Maddox 

Professor of Mathematics 

Director of Evaluation 

B.S., Troy State College 

M.Ed., University of Florida 

Ph.D., University of South Carolina 
John L. May 

Visiting Assistant 
Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., University of Florida 

Ph.D., University of South Florida 
Robert C. Meacham 

Professor of Mathematics 

B.A., Southwestern at Memphis 

Sc.M., Ph.D., Brown University 
Richard W. Neithamer 

Professor of Chemistry 

B.A., Allegheny College 

Ph.D., Indiana University 
John E. Reynolds, III 

Assistant Professor of Biology 

B.A., Western Maryland College 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Miami 
William O. Sayre 

Assistant Professor of 
Marine Geology 

B.S., Western Washington University 

Ph.D., University of South- 
hampton, U.K. 
James K. Schcoley 

Assistant Professor of Biology 

B.S., Florida Institute of Technology 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Florida 
Alan L. Soli 

Assistant Professor of Chemistry 

B.A., Augsburg College 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 
Walter O. Walker 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics 

B.S. Eckerd College 

M.S., Ph.D., Clemson University 

Foundations Collegium 
Faculty 

Kathryn J. Watson 

Foundations Collegium Chair 

Creative Arts Collegium 
Geraldine B. Blazey 

Director, Composition Program 

Letters Collegium 
Patricia E. Bouwman 

Coordinator, Writing Center 
Wilbur F. Block 

Natural Sciences Collegium 
Jewel Spears Brooker 

Letters Collegium 
Dudley E. DeGroot 

Comparative Cultures Collegium 
Joan Osborn Epstein 

Creative Arts Collegium 
Helen D. Faris 

Composition Program 
Peter Hammerschmidt 

Behavioral Science Collegium 
J. Patrick Henry 

Behavioral Science Collegium 



Jeffrey A. Howard 

Behavioral Science Collegium 
Carolyn Johnston 

Letters Collegium 
Karen Loeb 

Composition Program 
Olivia H. Mclntyre 

Letters Collegium 
Peter A. Pav 

Letters Collegium 
John E. Reynolds 

Natural Sciences Collegium 
Hendrick Serrie 

Comparative Cultures Collegium 
Pedro N. Trakas 

Comparative Cultures Collegium 
Andra H. Weddington 

Creative Arts Collegium 
J. Thomas West 

Creative Arts Collegium 
Betty Zandi 

Composition Program 

LIBRARY FACULTY 

Larry Hardesty 

Director, Library Services 

Associate Professor 

B.A., M.S., Kearney State College 

M.A., University of Wisconsin 

M.S., Ph.D., Indiana University 
Jamie A. Hastreiter 

Reference and Serials Librarian 

Assistant Professor 

B.A., The State University of 
New York,Geneseo 

M.L.S., Kent State University 
David W. Henderson 

Reader Services Librarian 

Associate Professor 

B.A., University of Connecticut 

M.S., Ohio University 

M.S.L.S., Florida State University 
Joanne J. Lofquist 

Technical Services Librarian 

Associate Professor 

B.A., M.S.L.S., University of 
North Carolina 

INTERCOLLEGIATE 
ATHLETICS 

James R. Harley 

Director of Athletics 

Associate Professor of Physical 
Education 
Cecilia D. Bloodworth 

Coordinator, Women's Athletics 

B.A., LaGrange College 

M.Ed., West Georgia College 
John P. Mayotte 

Head Baseball Coach 

Assistant Professor 
of Physical Education 



EMERITI 

Clark L. Allen 

Professor Emeritus of Economics 
Ph.D., Duke University 

Clark H. Bouwman 

Professor Emeritus of Sociology 
Ph.D., New School for Social 
Research 

Burr C. Brundage 

Professor Emeritus of History 
Ph.D., University of Chicago 

Tennyson P. Chang 

Professor Emeritus of Asian Studies 
Ph.D., Georgetown University 

Irving G. Foster 
Professor Emeritus of Physics 
Ph.D., University of Virginia 

E. Ashby Johnson 
Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 

and Religion 
Th.D., Union Theological 
Seminary, Virginia 

William H. Kadel 
President Emeritus 
Th.D., Union Theological 
Seminary, Virginia 

George K. Reid 

Professor Emeritus of Biology 
Ph.D., University of Florida 

Dudley E. South 
Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 
Ph.D., University of Michigan 

Frances M. Whitaker 
Registrar Emeritus 
M.A., Columbia University 

William C. Wilbur 

Professor Emeritus of History 
Ph.D., Columbia University 

Daniel A. Zaret 

Professor Emeritus of Russian 
Ph.D., University of Moscow 



100 



ADMINISTRATION 



OFFICE OF 
THE PRESIDENT 

Peter H. Armacost 

President 

B.A., Denison University 

Ph.D., University of Minnesota 
Edward I. Stevens 

Director of Planning and Analytical 
Studies 

Ph.D., Vanderbilt University 
Marjorie R. Nincehelser 

Administrative Assistant to the 
President 
David B. Cozad 

Chaplain 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.Div., Union Theological 
Seminary, Virginia 

M.S. P., Florida State University 



OFFICE OF VICE 
PRESIDENT AND 
DEAN OF FACULTY 

Lloyd W. Chapin 

Vice President and Dean of Faculty 
Associate Professor of Philosophy 

and Religious Studies 
B.A., Davidson College 
M.Div., Ph.D., Union Theological 
Seminary, New York 
Reggie L. Hudson, Ph.D. 
Director, Honors Program 
Assistant Professor of Chemistry 
Sheila M. Johnston 

Director, International Education 

and Off-Campus Programs 
M.A., Pennsylvania State University 
Kathryn J. Watson, Ed.D. 
Associate Dean of Faculty 

for General Education 
Assistant Professor of Education 



OFFICE OF 
SPECIAL PROGRAMS 

lames E. Deegan 

Dean of Special Programs. 
B.S., State University 

of New York, Buffalo 
M.S., Ed.D., Indiana 

University 
Gerald Dreller 
Associate Dean of 

Special Programs 
Director, Program for Experienced 

Learners 
Assistant Professor of Modern 

Languages 
B.A., Trinity College 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Illinois 
Margaret R. Bergenstjerna 
Administrative Assistant 

to the Dean 



Linda Blalock 

Assistant Director, Program 
for Experienced Learners 
B.A., University of Pennsylvania 
M.A., Emerson College 
Cheryl C. Gold 

Coordinator, Summer Programs, 

Women's Programs 
B.A., City College of New York 
Candice A. Whitney 

Program Coordinator, Program 

for Experienced Learners 
B.A., Eckerd College 



OFFICE OF 
COLLEGE RELATIONS 

C. Patrick Roberts 

Vice President of Public Affairs 
and Assistant to the President 
B.S., East Texas Baptist College 
Donald T. DeBevoise 
Assistant to the President for 
College/Church Relations 
B.S., University of Florida 
M.Div., Candler School of 

Theology, Emory University 
D.Min., McCormick Theological 
Seminary 
Betty Ray 

Director, Public Relations 
B.A., Wesleyan College 



OFFICE OF 
DEVELOPMENT 

John C. Laske 

Vice President for Development 

B.A., Carroll College 

M.Div., McCormick Theological 

Seminary 
D.D., Carroll College 
James N. Cook 

Director, Alumni Relations and 

The Annual Fund 
B.A., DePauw University 
Carol J. Hardesty 

Director, Development Support 

Services 
B.A., Kearney State College 
M.A.T., DePauw University 
Deborah K. Hughes 

Director, Corporate and 
Foundation Relations 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.P.A., American University 



OFFICE OF 
ADMISSIONS AND 
RECORDS 

Richard R. Hallin 

Dean of Admissions and Records 
Associate Professor of Political 

Science 
B.A., Occidental College 
B.A., M.A., Exeter College, 

Oxford University, England 
Ph.D., Columbia University 
Manuel A. Tavares 
Assistant Dean of Admissions 
B.S., Southern Connecticut 

State College 
M.A., Harvard University 
Kathy Sue Dunmire 
Assistant Dean of Admissions 

and Coordinator of New 

Student Financial Aid 
B.A., Maryville College 

Terry L. Elder 

Admissions Counselor 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Donna L. Nawrocki 

Admissions Counselor 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Carolyn E. Poole 

Admissions Counselor 

B.A., Purdue University 

M.Ed., University of Illinois 

Ed.S., University of Florida 
Margaret W. Morris 

Director of Financial Aid 

B.S., University of Arkansas 

M.A., Wake Forest University 
Henry P. Palaez 

Assistant Director of 
Financial Aid 

B.A., Oberlin College 
Evelyn Cardona 

Financial Aid Counselor 

B.S., Eckerd College 
Ruth R. Trigg 

Registrar 

B.A., University of Kentucky 
Marc E. Barlow 

Assistant Registrar 

B.A., Eckerd College 



101 



OFFICE OF 
BUSINESS AFFAIRS 

Harold M. May, CPA 

Vice President for Finance 
Shirley D. Amedeo, B.A. 

Director of Personnel 
Alan W. Bunch, B.A. 

Controller 
J.T. Tom Meiners 

Director, Physical Plant and Services 

OFFICE OF 
STUDENT AFFAIRS 

Mark W. Smith 

Dean of Students 

Professor of Human Resources 

Ph.D., Ohio State University 
Sharon M. Covert 

Director of Career Services 

M.B.A., University of South 
Florida 
William C. Covert 

Director, Waterfront Activities 

ARC Instructor 
Barbara ). Ely, R.N. 

Director of Nursing Services 
Susan Hopp 

Associate Dean of Students 

Director of Housing 

M.A., Indiana University 
R. Barry McDowell 

Director of Campus Activities 

M.S., Indiana University 

M.S., Florida International 
University 
Margaret L. Malchon 

Director of the Counseling 
Center 

Assistant Professor of 
Human Resources 

Ph.D., University of South 
Florida 
Michael J. Reilly, M.D. 

Director of Health Services 
Lena Wilfalk 

Director of Minority and 
International Student Affairs 

M.A., University of South 
Florida 



BOARD 

OF TRUSTEES 



OFFICERS 
Harold D. Holder 

Chairman 
.Mrs. John P. Wallace 

Wee Chairman 
Dr. Peter H. Armacost 

President 
Mr. David J. Fischer 

Secretary 
Mr. Harold M. May 

Treasurer 
Mrs. Marjorie R. Nincehelser 

Assistant Secretary 

TRUSTEES 

Dr. Peter H. Armacost 

Eckerd College 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Rev. Sherman E. Armstrong 
Silver Springs Shores 

Presbyterian Church 
Ocala, Florida 
Dr. Michael M. Bennett 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Donald Buchanan 
NCNB National Bank 
Tampa, Florida 
Mr. Frank Byars 
Tiki Gardens, Inc. 
Indian Shores, Florida 
Mr. James Christison 
Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. Charles M. Conway, Jr. 
Aetna Steel Company 
Jacksonville, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Richard Cromie 
First Presbyterian Church 
Fort Lauderdale, Florida 
The Rev. Thomas J. Cumming 
Plantation United Presbyterian 

Church 
Plantation, Florida 
Mr. David Eachus 
Smith Barney, Harris Upham 

and Co., Inc. 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Jack M. Eckerd 
Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. William B. Faber 
WXFL, Inc. 
Tampa, Florida 
Mr. David Fischer 

Fischer, Johnson, Allen and 

Burke, Inc. 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Harrison W. Fox 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Harold C. Freundt 

Tavares, Florida 
Mr. John W. Galbraith 
Securities Fund Investors, Inc. 
St. Petersburg, Florida 



Mr. James Gensel 

Bache, Halsey, Inc. 

Hollywood, Florida 
Mr. Kendrick Hardcastle, III 

Hardcastle Industries 

Tampa, Florida 
The Rev. Lacy R. Harwell 

Maximo Presbyterian Church 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Lee Henderson 

Moderator of Florida Presbytery 

Tallahassee, Florida 
Mr. Andrew H. Hines, Jr. 

Florida Power Corporation 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Harold 0. Holder 

American Agronomics Corporation 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. William R. Hough 

William R. Hough and Co. 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Charles E. Hurst 

Executive Presbyter 

The Presbytery of South Florida 

Fort Lauderdale, Florida 
Dr. Althea Jenkins 

New College of the 

University of South Florida 

Sarasota, Florida 
Dr. Franklyn A. Johnson 

North Miami, Florida 
Mr. John Kearney 

J. K. Financial Corporation 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. John Lake 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. Raymond Mason 

Jacksonville, Florida 
The Rev. Fred W. McClellan 

First Presbyterian Church 

Vero Beach, Florida 
Mr. Robert A. Morris 

Ramar Group Companies, Inc. 

Sarasota, Florida 
The Rev. Roland P. Perdue, III 

Riverside Presbyterian Church 

Jacksonville, Florida 
Mr. Russell Post 

Ocean Reef Club 

North Key Largo, Florida 
Mrs. Frances Pruitt 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Arthur J. Ranson, III 

Robertson, Williams, Duane, Lewis, 
Briggs and Ranson, P. A. 

Orlando, Florida 
Dr. Felix C. Robb 
Atlanta, Georgia 
Mrs. Margaret Dickey Roeder 

The Marketing Centre 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. Barbara Roper 

Winter Garden, Florida 
Dr. Frederick A. Russ 

University of North Carolina 

Chapel Hill, North Carolina 



102 



Mr. Robert T. Sheen 

Milton Roy Company 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. G. Ballard Simmons 

Jacksonville, Florida 
Mr. Gus A. Stavros 

Better Business Forms, Inc. 

Pinellas Park, Florida 
Mr. James T. Swann, III 

Cocoa, Florida 
Mr. Stewart Turley 

Jack Eckerd Corporation 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mrs. John P. Wallace 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Thomas A. Watson 

5f. Petersburg, Florida 
The Rev. Charles S. Webster 

The Moorings Presbyterian 
Church 

Naples, Florida 
Mr. Stanley P. Whitcomb, Jr. 

Collier Development Corporation 
Naples, Florida 
Mrs. Jean Giles Wittner 

Centerbanc Savings 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. W.H. Zemp 

The Bill Zemp Company 

St. Petersburg, Florida 



TRUSTEES EMERITI 



The Rev. Dr. Harvard A. Anderson 

Longwood, Florida 
Mr. W.D. Bach 

Pensacola, Florida 
Mr. William M. Bateman 

Palm Beach, Florida 
Dr. Gordon W. Blackwell 

Greenville, South Carolina 
The Rev. Clem E. Bininger 

Fort Lauderdale, Florida 
Mr. Charles Creighton 

Fort Lauderdale, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. John B. Dickson 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mrs. J. Morton Douglas 

Lakeland, Florida 
Mr. J. Colin English 

Tallahassee, Florida 
Mrs. Mildred Ferris 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr* Charles G. Gambrell 

New York, New York 
Mr. Williard A. Gortner 

Clearwater, Florida 
Senator Ben Hill Griffin, Jr. 

Frostproof, Florida 
Mrs. Lorena C. Hannahs 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. W. Monte Johnson 

Lakeland, Florida 
Dr. William H. Kadel 

Lake City, Florida 
Mr. Stephen R. Kirby 

St. Petersburg, Florida 



Mr. Oscar R. Kreutz 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. Philip J. Lee 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. E. Colin Lindsey 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. Elwyn L. Middleton 

Palm Beach, Florida 
Mr. William F. O'Neill 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Douglas K. Porteus 

North Palm Beach, Florida 
Mrs. Woodbury Ransom 

Chicago, Illinois 
Dr. Joseph H. Reason 
Tallahassee, Florida 
Dr. J. Wayne Reitz 

Gainesville, Florida 
Mrs. John W. Sterchi 

Orlando, Florida 
Mr. William W. Upham 

St. Petersburg Beach, Florida 
Mr. David L. Wilt 
Falls Church, Virginia 

HONORARY TRUSTEES 
Mr. Charles J. Bradshaw 

Vera Beach, Florida 
Mr. J. Leo Chapman 

West Palm Beach, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Jack G. Hand 

Jacksonville Beach, Florida 
Mr. Don Jones 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Benjamin G. Parks 

Naples, Florida 



103 



INDEX (Courses and Programs are listed in italics.) 



Academic Calendar 4 

Academic Credit 16 

Academic Exemption Petitions 14 

Academic Minor 21 

Academic Policies 14 

Academic Program 4 

Academic Progress Standards 17 

Academy of Senior Professionals 8 

Accounting 21 

Accreditation 

Administration 101 

Admission 86 

Early Admission 88 

Equivalency Certificates 87 

Freshman 86 

International Students 88 

Procedures after Acceptance 87 

Transfer 87 

Adult Education 13 

Advanced Placement 88 

Aesthetic Perspective Courses 21 

Afro-American Society 85 

American Studies 22 

Anthropology 23 

Area of Concentration/Major 16 

Army ROTC 1 0,60 

Art 24 

Athletics 86 

Auditing Classes 19 

Autumn Term 4,6,80 

Behavioral Science, Collegium of 7 

Biology 27 

Board of Trustees 1 02 

Business Administration 29 

Calendar, Academic 4 

Calendar of Events, 1 984-85 1 06 

Calendar of Events, 1 985-86 1 07 

Campus Life 82 

Career-Service Program 12 

CLAST 92 

Chemistry 29 

Child Development 37 

Co-Curricular Program 8 

Co-Curricular Record 9 

College Entrance Examinations 86 

College Level Examination Program (CLEP) 88 

Collegium Concept 6 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Christian Values 2 

Faculty to Students 2 

General Education 2 

Human Relationships 3 

Individual Development 2 

Integration of Liberal Arts and 

Career Preparation 3 

Pace-Setting Institution 3 

Comparative Cultures, Collegium of 7 

Comparative Literature 30 

Composition 30 

Comprehensive Examinations 15 

Computation Competency Requirement 15 

Computer Science 31 

Costs 94 

Counseling Services 85 

Course and Major Descriptions 21-79 

Course Requirements 14 



Course Numbers and Letters Explanation 21 

Creative Arts, Collegium of 7 

Creative Writing 32 

Credit, Academic 16 

Credit/No Credit Grading 17 

Cross-Cultural Perspective Courses 33 

Cultural Activities and Entertainment 84 

Dance 77 

Day Students 85 

Dean's List 19 

Deferred Admissions 88 

Degree Requirements, B.A 14 

Degree Requirements, B.S 15 

Demonstrated Proficiency 16 

Directed Study 16 

Directed Study Courses 34 

Dismissal, Academic 18 

Early Admissions 88 

Early Childhood Certification 37 

Earth Sciences 40 

East Asian Area Studies 35 

Economics 36 

Education 37 

Elementary Education 37 

Employment on Campus 93 

Engineering Dual Degree Program 10 

Entertainment and Cultural Activities 84 

Environmental Perspective Courses 39 

Environmental Studies 40 

Examination, Comprehensive 15 

Expenses 94 

Experienced Learners, Program for 13 

Extracurricular Activities Suspension 18 

Faculty and Adminstration 98 

Fees 94 

Finance 40 

Financial Aid 89 

Academic Standards of 

Satisfactory Progress 89 

Employment 93 

Grants 93 

Loans 92 

Renewals 93 

Scholarships 90 

Social Security Benefits 92 

Veteran's Benefits 92 

Withdrawal Refund 18 

Foreign Language Competency Requirement 15 

Foundations Collegium 6,80 

French 41 

General Education 5 

Geography 42 

German 42 

Grade Reports 17 

Grading System 17 

Graduation Requirements 15 

Grants 93 

Health Form 85,87 

Health Services 85 

History 43 

Honors at Graduation 19 

Honors Program 16 



104 



INDEX (Courses and Programs are listed in italics.) 



Humanities 47 

Human Resources 46 

Incomplete Grades 17 

Independent Study 16,21 

International Education 11 

International Students 1 2,88 

International Student Admission 88 

International Studies 47 

Insurance 95 

Interview, Admission 87 

Italy Offerings 48 

Japanese 48 

Judaeo - Christian Perspective Course 48 

Leisure Services 48 

Letters, Collegium of 7 

Library 9 

Linguistics 50 

Literature 49 

Loans 92 

London Offerings 54 

Major/Area of Concentration Requirements 16 

Major and Course Descriptions 21-79 

Management 55 

Marketing 58 

Mathematics 58 

Medical Technology 60 

Mentors 4,6 

Military Science 60 

Minor, Academic 21 

Minority Students 85 

Modern Language 60 

Music 61 

Natural Sciences, Collegium of 8 

Off-Campus Programs 11 

Organizations and Clubs 84 

Payment Methods 96 

Perspective Courses 14 

Petitions, Academic Exemption 14 

Philosophy 62 

Philosophy Religion Major 63 

Physical Education 63 

Physics 64 

Policies, Academic 14 

Political Science 65 

Pre-Professional Programs 10 

Probation, Academic 1 7,89 

Program for Experienced Learners 13 

Portuguese 66 

Psychology 67 

Readmission of Students 88 

Refunds 96 

Registration 19 

Religious Life 84 

Religion/Philosophy Major 63 

Religious Studies/Religious Education 68 

Requirements for Degree 

Autumn Term 15 

Comprehnsive Examination/Thesis 15 

Computation Competency 15 

Degree 14 



Foreign Language Competency 15 

Major/Area of Concentration 15 

Perspective Courses 14 

Residency 14 

Senior Seminars 15 

Transfer Students 15 

Western Heritage 15 

Winter Term 14 

Writing Competency 15 

Research Design and Statistics 76 

Residency Requirement 14 

Resident Advisor Internship 70 

Room and Board 94 

ROTC, Army 10,60 

Russian Studies 70 

St. Petersburg, the City 83 

Satisfactory Academic Progress 17 

Satisfactory Academic Progress for 

Financial Aid 89 

Scholarships 90 

Sea Semester 12,71 

Secondary Education 37 

Semester Abroad 11 

Senior Comprehensives, Theses, Projects 15 

Senior Seminars 71 

5oc/a/ Relations Perspective Courses 72 

Social Security Benefits 92 

Sociology 73 

Spanish 75 

Special Academic Programs 10 

Speech 76 

Statistics and Research Design 76 

Student Activities 84 

Student Government 83 

Student Life 82 

Student Publications 84 

Summer Term 13 

Swedish 76 

Teacher Education 1 0,37 

Theatre 76 

Theses, Senior 15 

Transfer Admission 87 

Transfer of Credit 1 5,1 7,87 

Transfer Student Requirements 87 

Tuition and Fees 94 

Upper Division Colloquia Requirement 

Veteran's Benefits 92 

Veteran's Benefits, Winter Term 5 

Visual Arts 24 

Waterfront Program 84 

Western Heritage 6,79 

Winter Term 5,1 4,80 

Winter Term Abroad 11 

Withdrawal and Financial Aid 96 

Withdrawal from College 18 

Withdrawal Grades 17 

Women's Studies . . .■ 12 

Writing Center 11 

Writing Competency Requirement 15 

Writing Workshop 32 

Year Abroad 11 



105 



CALENDAR OF EVENTS 1984-85 



AUTUMN TERM 
Fri . , Aug. 10 
Sat., Aug. 11 
Mon., Aug. 27 

Thurs., Aug. 30 
Fri., Aug. 31 
Sat., Sept. 1 

FALL SEMESTER 

Sun., Sept. 2 
Tues., Sept. 4 

Wed., Sept. 5 
Wed., Sept. 12 
Fri., Sept. 14 
Fri., Oct. 26 

Thurs. -Fri., Oct. 11-12 

Mon. -Wed., Nov. 5-6 

Thurs. -Fri., Nov. 22-23 
Fri., Dec. 7 
Mon. -Fri., Dec. 10-14 
Sat., Dec. 15 

WINTER TERM 

Mon., Jan. 7 



Tues., Jan. 8 
Wed., Jan. 9 

Thurs. -Fri., Jan. 31-Feb. 1 
Fri., Feb. 1 

SPRING SEMESTER 

Mon., Feb. 4 

Tues., Feb. 5 
Thurs., Feb. 14 
Fri., Mar. 29 

Fri., Mar. 29 

Tues., April 9 

Wed., April 10 

Thurs. -Fri., April 11-12 

Fri., April 19 

Mon. -Tues., April 22-23 

Fri., May 17 
Mon.-Fri., May 20-24 
Sun., May 26 
Mon., May 27 

SUMMER TERM 

June 3-July 26 
June 3-June 28 
July 1-July 26 



Freshmen arrive. Financial clearance and registration before 3:00 p.m. 

Autumn term begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Completed Freshman preference sheets for fall semester courses are returned to 

the Registrar 

Residence houses open at 9:00 a.m. for new students for fall semester 

Orientation for new students 

End of autumn term 

Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at 9:00 a.m. 
Registration and financial clearance for fall semester, returning and new stu- 
dents 

Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 
Opening Convocation 

End of drop/add period for fall semester courses 

Last day to withdraw from fall semester courses with W grade, or change from 
audit to credit 

All students fill out preference sheets for winter term and return them to the 
Registrar 

All students fill out preference sheets for spring semester courses and return 
them to the Registrar 
Thanksgiving holiday; no classes 
Last day of classes 
Examination period 
Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon 

Residence houses reopen at 9:00 a.m. Financial clearance for all new students. 
New student registration/orientation for winter term. Returning students are not 
registered until they check in with Registrar 

Winter term begins at 9:00 a.m. All projects meet first day 

Last day to enter winter term; end of drop/add period; last day to change project 
or withdraw from winter term with W grade 
First comprehensive examination period 
Winter term ends at 4:30 p.m. 

New and returning students arrive. New student orientation. Financial clear- 
ance and registration for spring semester, all students 
Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 
End of drop/add period for spring semester courses 

Last day to withdraw from spring semester courses with W grade, or change 
from audit to credit 

Spring recess begins. No classes. Residence houses close at 5:00 p.m. 
Residence houses reopen at 9:00 a.m. 
Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 
Second comprehensive examination period 
Mentor conferences and contracts for 1985-86 

All students fill out preference sheets for fall semester courses, 1985 and return 
them to the Registrar 
Last day of classes 
Examination period 
Baccalaureate-Commencement 
Residence houses close at noon 

Summer Term 
Session A 
Session B 



106 



CALENDAR OF EVENTS 1985-86 



AUTUMN TERM 

Fri., Aug. 9 
Sat., Aug. 10 
Mon., Aug. 26 

Thurs., Aug. 29 
Fri., Aug. 30 
Sat., Aug. 31 

FALL SEMESTER 

Sun., Sept. 1 
Tues., Sept. 3 

Wed., Sept. 4 
Wed., Sept. 11 
Fri., Sept. 13 
Fri., Oct. 25 

Thurs. -Fri., Oct. 10-11 

Mon. -Wed., Nov. 4-5 

Thurs.-Fri., Nov. 28-29 
Fri., Dec. 6 
Mon. -Fri., Dec. 9-13 
Sat., Dec. 14 

WINTER TERM 

Mon., Ian. 6 



Tues., Jan. 7 

Wed., Jan. 8 

Thurs.-Fri., Jan. 30-31 
Fri., Jan. 31 

SPRING SEMESTER 

Mon., Feb. 3 

Tues., Feb. 4 
Thurs., Feb. 13 
Wed., Mar. 26 

Thurs., Mar. 27 

Mon., April 7 

Tue., April 8 

Thurs.-Fri., April 10-11 

Fri., April 18 

Mon. -Tues., April 21-22 

Fri., May 16 
Mon. -Fri., May 19-23 
Sun., May 25 
Mon., May 26 

SUMMER TERM 

June 2-July 25 
June 2-June 27 
June 30-July 25 



Freshmen arrive. Financial clearance and registration before 3:00 p.m. 

Autumn term begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Completed Freshman preference sheets for fall semester courses are returned to 

the Registrar 

Residence houses open at 9:00 a.m. for new students for fall semester 

Orientation for new students 

End of autumn term 

Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at 9:00 a.m. 
Registration and financial clearance for fall semester, returning and new stu- 
dents 

Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 
Opening Convocation 

End of drop/add period for fall semester courses 

Last day to withdraw from fall semester courses with W grade, or change from 
audit to credit 

All students fill out preference sheets for winter term and return them to the 
Registrar 

All students fill out preference sheets for spring semester courses and return 
them to the Registrar 
Thanksgiving holiday; no classes 
Last day of classes 
Examination period 
Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon 

Residence houses reopen at 9:00 a.m. Financial clearance for all new students. 
New student registration/orientation for winter term. Returning students are not 
registered until they check in with Registrar 
Winter term begins at 9:00 a.m. All projects meet first day 

Last day to enter winter term; end of drop/add period; last day to change project 
or withdraw from winter term with W grade 
First comprehensive examination period 
Winter term ends at 4:30 p.m. 

New and returning students arrive. New student orientation. Financial clear- 
ance and registration for spring semester, all students 
Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 
End of drop/add period for spring semester courses 

Last day to withdraw from spring semester courses with W grade, or change 
from audit to credit 

Spring recess begins. No classes. Residence houses close at 5:00 p.m. 
Residence houses reopen at 9:00 a.m. 
Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 
Second comprehensive examination period 
Mentor conferences and contracts for 1 986-87 

All students fill out preference sheets for fall semester courses, 1 986 and return 
them to the Registrar 
Last day of classes 
Examination period 
Baccalaureate-Commencement 
Residence houses close at noon 

Summer Term 
Session A 
Session B 



107 




Only from a campus visit can you judge if the 
school and your expectations "fit." 

Plan to take a campus tour, sit in on a class, 
visit with our professors and students, and take 
time to see the area. 

Also, try to visit when classes are in session. 
Check the academic calendar before planning 
your visit. We ask only one thing of you: give 
us some advance notice of your arrival — a few 
days is fine. Call us or drop us a line — the 
Admissions staff will be happy to work 
with you. 

The Admissions office is open from 8:30 a.m. 
to 5:00 p.m. on weekdays; from 9:00 a.m. 
to noon on Saturday; summer hours are 
weekdays 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. 

For best results, please direct all 
correspondence prior to your acceptance 
to the Dean of Admissions. 



108 





CORRESPONDENCE DIRECTORY 

For prompt handling, please address inquiries as indicated below: 

Academic Affairs Dean of Faculty 

Adult Programs Dean of Special Programs 

Admissions Dean of Admissions 

Alumni Relations Director of Alumni Relations 

Business Affairs Vice President for Finance 

Church Relations Assistant to the President for Church Relations 

Events at the College Director of Public Relations 

Financial Aid to Students Director of Financial Aid 

Financial Assistance to the College Vice President for Development 

Payment of Fees Student Accounts 

Student Housing Director of Housing 

Student Interests and Counseling Dean of Students 

Summer School Dean of Summer School 

Transcripts, Grades, and Academic Achievement Registrar 

Vistors are welcome to Eckerd College. The administration offices 
are open Monday through Friday from 8:30 to 5:00. Visitors desiring 
interviews with members of the staff are urged to 
make appointments in advance. 

ECKERD COLLEGE 

4200-54th Avenue South, P.O. Box 12560, St. Petersburg, Florida 33733 
Telephone (813) 867-1166 



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109 






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ST. PETERSBURG, FLORIDA 33733 






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